Stomiidae

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Stomiidae
Astronesthes niger.jpg
Astronesthes niger
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Stomiidae
Genera

Aristostomias
Astronesthes
Bathophilus
Borostomias
Chauliodus
Chirostomias
Echiostoma
Eupogonesthes
Eustomias
Flagellostomias
Grammatostomias
Heterophotus
Idiacanthus
Leptostomias
Malacosteus
Melanostomias
Neonesthes
Odontostomias
Opostomias
Pachystomias
Photonectes
Photostomias
Rhadinesthes
Stomias
Tactostoma
Thysanactis
Trigonolampa

Stomiidae is a family of deep-sea ray-finned fish, including the barbeled dragonfishes. They are quite small, usually around 15 cm, up to 26 cm. These fish are apex predators, they possess enormous jaws filled with fang-like teeth.[1] They also possess the ability to hinge the neurocranium and upper-jaw system, which leads to the opening of the jaw to greater than 100 degrees.[1] This ability allows these fish to consume extremely large prey, often 50% greater than their standard length.[1]

Representative species gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kenaley, Christopher P. (2011). "Exploring Feeding Behavior In Deep-sea Dragonfishes (Teleostei: Stomiidae): Jaw Biomechanics and Functional Significance of a Loosejaw". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.