Deep Space Homer
|"Deep Space Homer"|
|The Simpsons episode|
A scene where Kent Brockman is convinced that ants are going to take over the world. This scene inspired the "Overlord Meme", with people replacing the ant photo.
|Directed by||Carlos Baeza|
|Written by||David Mirkin|
|Original air date||February 24, 1994|
|Couch gag||The family runs to the couch, only to find an obese man sitting on it. They squeeze in to the left of him.|
"Deep Space Homer" is the fifteenth episode of The Simpsons' fifth season. It originally aired on Fox in the United States on February 24, 1994. In the episode, NASA is concerned by the decline in public interest in space exploration, and therefore decides to send an ordinary person into space. After competition with Barney during training, Homer is selected and chaos ensues when the navigation system on his space shuttle is destroyed.
"Deep Space Homer" was directed by Carlos Baeza and was the only episode of The Simpsons written by David Mirkin, who was also the executive producer at the time. Buzz Aldrin and James Taylor both guest starred as themselves. The episode features numerous film parodies, mostly of The Right Stuff (1983) and 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). The episode was very well received with many critics and fans calling it the best episode of the Simpsons. Due to the popularity and theme of the episode, a copy is available for astronauts to watch at the International Space Station.
At the Power Plant, it is the ceremony for the "Worker of the Week" award and Homer, is confident he will win. His boss Mr. Burns, instead gives the award to an "inanimate carbon rod". Homer, feeling that no one respects him, turns to TV and comes across a live space shuttle launch, which he finds dull, prompting Homer to make an angry call to NASA. Meanwhile, NASA, frustrated over its drop in the Nielsen ratings, decides to send an "average shmoe" into space as the solution. Due to the call, NASA chiefs realize they have found their man. When they arrive at Moe's Tavern in search of Homer, he believes he is in trouble for making the call and blames Barney for the incident. The NASA employees ask Barney to be an astronaut, and when Homer realizes what the proposal entails, he steps in and takes credit.
NASA takes both Homer and Barney to Cape Canaveral for training. Since only one can go into space, they soon find themselves in competition. Under NASA's alcohol ban, the sober Barney develops superior skills and is selected to fly with astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Race Banyon. However, when Barney toasts his victory, he inexplicably reverts to his normal alcoholic self and escapes. Homer wins by default and is selected for space flight, but he becomes nervous about going. Just as they prepare to take off, Homer runs away. He talks with his wife Marge on the phone, and she says that he ought to take advantage of the opportunity. He agrees, and the launch, which is also a Nielsen ratings smash, proceeds.
In space, Homer reveals he has smuggled potato chips on board. He opens the bag, but due to the effects of weightlessness, they will spread around and clog the instruments. Homer eats all the chips, but he manages to fly into the ant farm, letting the ants loose in the shuttle. James Taylor comes in over the radio to sing, but the disaster continues on board as the ants destroy the navigation system. Taylor suggests that they blow the bugs out the front hatch, which the astronauts do, but Homer fails to put on his harness and is nearly blown out of the open hatch before grabbing its handle. Buzz pulls him inside, but due to the force, Homer bends the hatch handle, preventing the door from closing, which would result in the shuttle's destruction on re-entry. When Race declares he will attack Homer in frustration, Homer pulls a carbon rod out of the wall to defend himself, and he inadvertently uses it to seal the door shut. With the problems solved, the shuttle successfully returns to Earth. Although Homer is a hero, the press only has eyes for the carbon rod that he used. The rod is featured on magazine covers and is given its own ticker-tape parade. At home, Homer is disappointed that he did not get as much respect he hoped, but the family still honors him.
"Deep Space Homer" was written by then-executive producer David Mirkin. Mirkin had worked on the idea for the episode for a long time, basing the story on NASA's Teacher in Space Project to send ordinary civilians into space in order to increase interest amongst the general public. There was some controversy amongst the show's writing staff during production as some felt that having Homer go into space was too large an idea. Matt Groening felt that the idea was so big that it gave the writers "nowhere to go". Several silly gags were therefore toned down to make the episode feel more realistic, including an idea that everyone at NASA was as stupid as Homer. The writers focused more upon the relationship between Homer and his family and Homer's attempts to be a hero.
Buzz Aldrin, the second man to walk on the Moon, and musician James Taylor both guest star as themselves in this episode. Some of the writers were concerned about Aldrin's line, "second comes right after first", feeling it was insulting to Aldrin. An alternative line was written: "first to take a soil sample", but Aldrin had no problem with saying the original line. A version of James Taylor's 1970 single "Fire and Rain" was recorded specifically for the episode containing some altered lyrics. He also sings You've Got a Friend. Taylor's original recording session was included as an extra on the DVD. Although the episode was directed by Carlos Baeza, the potato chip sequence was directed by David Silverman. Some computer animation created using an Amiga was used in the sequence in order to make the potato chip rotation as smooth as possible.
The episode contains numerous references to Stanley Kubrick's 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey: in the space shuttle, Homer floats in zero gravity, eating potato chips (this echoes the docking scene in 2001, with the use of the music piece The Blue Danube); Itchy comes out to torture Scratchy in an EVA pod much like those aboard the Discovery craft; and at the end of the episode, Bart throws a marker into the air – in slow motion, it rotates in mid-air, before a match cut replaces it with a cylindrical satellite (this parodies a similar transition scene between "The Dawn of Man" and the future sequence in the film, including the use of the famous Richard Strauss piece Also sprach Zarathustra).
In its original broadcast, "Deep Space Homer" finished 32nd in ratings for the week of February 21–27, 1994, with a Nielsen rating of 11.1, equivalent to approximately 10.3 million viewing households. It was the highest-rated show on Fox that week.
NASA loved the episode, and astronaut Edward Lu asked for a copy of it to be sent on a supply ship to the International Space Station. The DVD remains there for astronauts to view. "Deep Space Homer" is MSNBC's fourth favorite episode, citing Homer's realization that Planet of the Apes is set on Earth as "pure genius". In his book, Planet Simpson, Chris Turner names the episode as being one of his five favorites, saying it is "second to none", despite listing "Last Exit to Springfield" as his favorite episode. He described the long sequence that begins with Homer eating potato chips in the space shuttle and ends with Kent Brockman's dramatic speech as being "simply among the finest comedic moments in the history of television". The Daily Telegraph also named the episode among their ten favorites. The Simpsons game Tapped Out held an event based on the episode. The event sees players train Springfield’s citizens for a space mission based on the episode.
Both Buzz Aldrin and James Taylor received praise for their guest performances. IGN ranked James Taylor as being the twenty-first best guest appearance in the show's history. The Phoenix.com published their own list of "Top 20 guest stars" and Taylor placed eighteenth. Among The Simpsons staff, the episode is a favorite of David Silverman. On the other hand, it also contains one of Matt Groening's least favorite jokes, when Homer's face changes into Popeye and Richard Nixon while exposed to G-force.
"Deep Space Homer" is the source of the "Overlord meme", which is lifted from Kent Brockman's line and is commonly used on Internet forums to express mock submission, usually for the purpose of humor or when a "participant vastly overstates the degree of oppression or social control expected to arise from the topic in question". The term was used by New Scientist magazine, and was referenced on the February 16, 2011 episode of Jeopardy! by Ken Jennings in acknowledgment of the accomplishments of the computer Watson. In recent years, Ants have been sent to space for research. Many programs such as NASA have been inspired by the episode to do the experiment. The results of this experiment were published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.
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