Deep cervical artery

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Deep cervical artery
Costocervical trunk with branches.png
Costocervical trunk with branches. Right side.
Sourcecostocervical trunk
Veindeep cervical vein
Latinarteria cervicalis profunda
Anatomical terminology

The deep cervical artery (Profunda cervicalis) is an artery of the neck.


It arises, in most cases, from the costocervical trunk, and is analogous to the posterior branch of an aortic intercostal artery: occasionally it is a separate branch from the subclavian artery.

Passing backward, above the eighth cervical nerve and between the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, it runs up the back of the neck, between the semispinalis capitis and semispinalis cervicis, as high as the axis vertebra, supplying these and adjacent muscles, and anastomosing with the deep division of the descending branch of the occipital, and with branches of the vertebral.

It gives off a spinal twig which enters the canal through the intervertebral foramen between the seventh cervical and first thoracic vertebrae.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 586 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)