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Deep integration, as defined by Simone Claar and Andrea Nölke, means trade agreements which not only contain rules on tariffs and conventional non-tariff trade restrictions, but which also regulate the business environment in a more general sense. Issues of deep integration include competition policy, investor rights, product standards, public procurement and intellectual property rights, for example.
Canada and United States
Deep integration can also specifically refer to the harmonization of policies and regulations of Canada and the United States. Some (who?) believe that doing so will result in the formation of a new North American Union that will allow the United States to take over Canada.
Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru
It is called "The Pacific Alliance".
- Claar, Simone; Nölke, Andrea (2010). "Deep integration". D+C Development and Cooperation.[permanent dead link]
- January 2011 meeting between Chile, Columbia, Mexico and Peru
- May 2011 meeting between Chile, Columbia, Mexico and Peru
- CNN article
- Independent Task Force on North America
- Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America
- Trade, Investment and Labour Mobility Agreement
- North American Forum
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