Deepin

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Deepin
Deepin logo.svg
Deepin Screenshot.png
Deepin 15.10.1 desktop, with the Qt-based Deepin Desktop Environment
DeveloperWuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd.
OS familyLinux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen-source
Initial release28 February 2004; 15 years ago (2004-02-28)
Latest release15.11 / 19 July 2019; 30 days ago (2019-07-19)[1]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available inMulti-lingual (more than 23)[2][3][4]
Update methodDeepin Software Center
Package managerAPT, dpkg[5]
PlatformsAMD64
Kernel typeMonolithic
Default user interfaceDeepin Desktop Environment (Qt-based)
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official websitewww.deepin.org/en/

Deepin (stylized as deepin; formerly known as Linux Deepin and Hiweed Linux[5]) is an open source operating system based on Debian's stable branch. It features DDE, the Deepin Desktop Environment, built on Qt. As of version 15.10 it also uses dde-kwin, a copy of KDE Plasma's window manager.[6] The distribution is praised for its aesthetics in various reviews, while in the past also having been criticized for using a statistical tracking service in its App Store, which has been removed since.

Overview[edit]

The development of deepin is led by China-based Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd., which generates revenue through the sale of technical support and other services related to it.[7] The distribution ships many open-source and proprietary programs such as Google Chrome, Spotify and Steam. It also includes a software suite of applications developed by Deepin Technology, as well as WPS Office[8] and CodeWeavers' CrossOver.[9]

Installation[edit]

Deepin comes with an installer named “Deepin Installer” that was created by Deepin Technology. The Installer was praised by Swapnil Bhartiya writing for linux.com as having "the simplest installation procedure" that was also "quite pleasant."[10][11] Writing for Forbes, Jason Evangelho complained about the installer requiring the user to select their location from a world map, though concluded by saying, "Aside from my little time zone selection pet peeve, the installer is beautiful, brisk and very intuitive."[12]

DDE[edit]

Deepin features its own desktop environment called Deepin DE (DDE), which is written in Qt.[13] The distribution also maintains their own Window Manager, dde-kwin.[14] The desktop environment was described as "the single most beautiful desktop on the market" by Jack Wallen writing for TechRepublic.[15]

Besides Deepin, other Linux distributions such as Arch Linux have started to include the Deepin Desktop Environment in their package repositories,[16] and Manjaro Linux has a community-supported version that comes with the Deepin Desktop Environment.[17] The Desktop Environment is also available in the software repositories of Fedora 30.[15]

Deepin applications[edit]

Deepin comes with a number of applications built via the DTK (Deepin Tool Kit), which is based on C++ and Qt.[18] The following is a list of Deepin Applications created by the Deepin development team:[19]

  • Deepin Boot Maker
  • Deepin Installer
  • Deepin File Manager
  • Deepin System Monitor
  • Deepin Package Manager
  • Deepin Font Installer
  • Deepin Clone
  • Deepin Picker
  • Deepin Store
  • Deepin Screen Recorder
  • Deepin Voice Recorder
  • Deepin Screenshot
  • Deepin Terminal
  • Deepin Image Viewer
  • Deepin Movie
  • Deepin Cloud Print
  • Deepin OpenSymbol
  • Deepin Music
  • Deepin Calendar
  • Deepin Remote Assistant
  • Deepin Manual
  • Deepin Emacs
  • Deepin Presentation Assistant
  • Deepin Calculator
  • Graphics Driver Manager
  • Deepin Repair
  • Deepin Editor

Releases[edit]

The release cycle has followed various schedules but currently aims at four releases per year.[20] Releases are delayed if the work of development and testing has not been completed.

Version Release date Desktop environment Underlying system
Hiwix 0.1 February 28, 2004 IceWM Morphix
Hiweed Linux 0.2 March 3, 2004
Hiweed Linux 0.3 July 22, 2004[21] Xfce Debian
Hiweed Linux 0.55 September 25, 2004[22]
Hiweed Linux 0.6 February 24, 2005[23]
Hiweed Linux 1.0 September 25, 2006[24] Ubuntu
Hiweed Linux 2.0 November 17, 2008[25] LXDE
Linux Deepin 9.12 December 30, 2009[26] GNOME 2
Linux Deepin 10.06 July 20, 2010[27]
Linux Deepin 10.12 December 31, 2010[28]
Linux Deepin 11.06 July 4, 2011[29]
Linux Deepin 11.12 December 30, 2011[30] GNOME 3
Linux Deepin 11.12.1 February 29, 2012[31][32][33]
Linux Deepin 12.06 July 17, 2012[34][35]
Linux Deepin 12.12 June 19, 2013[36][37] Deepin Desktop Environment 1.0
Linux Deepin 12.12.1 August 7, 2013[38][39]
Linux Deepin 2013 November 28, 2013[40][41][42]
Deepin 2014 July 6, 2014[43][44][45][46] Deepin Desktop Environment 2.0
Deepin 2014.1 August 28, 2014[47][48]
Deepin 2014.2 December 31, 2014[49][50][51]
Deepin 2014.3 April 28, 2015[52]
Deepin 15 December 31, 2015[53][54][55] Deepin Desktop Environment 3.0
(based on Qt)
Debian (unstable branch)
Deepin 15.1 January 29, 2016[56]
Deepin 15.1.1 March 9, 2016[57]
Deepin 15.2 June 1, 2016[58]
Deepin 15.4 July 19, 2017[59][60]
Deepin 15.4.1 July 21, 2017[61]
Deepin 15.5 November 30, 2017[2][62]
Deepin 15.6 June 15, 2018[63][64][65][66][67]
Deepin 15.7 August 20, 2018[68]
Deepin 15.8 November 20, 2018[69]
Deepin 15.9 January 16, 2019[70]
Deepin 15.10 April 28, 2019[71] Debian (stable branch)
Deepin 15.10.1 May 17, 2019[72]
Deepin 15.10.2 July 1, 2019
Deepin 15.11 July 19, 2019

History[edit]

The distribution begun in 2004 as Hiweed Linux.[7]

In 2011, the development team behind Deepin established a company named Wuhan Deepin Technology to support commercial development of the operating system.[73] The company received business investments the same year it was founded.[7]

Wuhan Deepin Technology joined the Linux Foundation in 2015.[74]

Reception[edit]

General Reception

The distribution is generally praised for its aesthetics by users and reviewers alike, such as linux.com[75], Fossbytes[76] and Techrepublic[77].

Deepin Store accused of gathering statistics in the past

While deepin was accused in 2018 of containing spyware through the use of statistics software within their App Store, the company made an official statement clarifying that it did not and would not collect private user information. According to Deepin, CNZZ is a website similar to Google Analytics that collects user-anonymous usage information such as the screen size, browser and other "harmless" browser user agent information. Further stating that "CNZZ analyzed how the Deepin store was being used, in order to improve it."[78]

On July 20 2018, Deepin removed CNZZ statistics collection from the Deepin App Store website due to the backlash.[79]

Performance

Deepin's reputation in the past was that it had relatively high CPU and memory demands while being based mainly on GTK and HTML technologies, even when the system was idle.[80] After switching to the Qt-based DE performance has improved, as Linux.com noted in its review of Deepin 15.7.[81]

References[edit]

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