Deepin

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Deepin
About logo.png
Developer Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd,
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release 28 February 2004 (2004-02-28)
Latest release deepin 15.6[1] / 15 June 2018 (2018-06-15)
Marketing target Personal computing
Available in Multi-lingual (more than 23)[2][3][4]
Update method Deepin Software Center
Package manager APT, dpkg[5]
Platforms amd64
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux kernel)
Default user interface Deepin Desktop Environment (Qt-based)
License Free software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official website www.deepin.org/en/

Deepin (stylized as deepin; formerly known as Linux Deepin and Hiweed Linux[6]) is an open source operating system for computers. It is a Linux distribution based on Debian's unstable branch. It runs on personal computers and network servers. Deepin runs on x86-64 architectures.

Development of Deepin is led by China-based Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd., that generates revenue through the sale of technical support and other services related to Deepin.[7] As of 2017, Deepin is the most popular Linux distribution originating from China, according to DistroWatch.[8]

Overview[edit]

Deepin features its own desktop environment called Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE), which is written in Qt.

Besides Deepin, other Linux distributions such as Arch Linux have started to include it in their package repositories,[9] and Manjaro Linux has a community-supported version that comes with Deepin.[10]

Deepin inherits all packages from its Debian base and provides its own repository with popular software such as Vivaldi.[11]

Deepin is a strategic partner of CodeWeavers.[12] A version of CodeWeavers CrossOver is bundled with Deepin.[13]

History[edit]

The distribution was started in 2004 as Hiweed Linux.[7] It was originally a Chinese-based community-driven Linux distribution.[14]

In 2011, Deepin was incorporated as Wuhan Deepin Technology to better support its development.[14] It received investment that same year.[7] Since 2014, a portion of the company's revenue has been derived from software contracts with the Chinese government.[14]

Deepin joined the Linux Foundation in 2015.[15]

Features[edit]

Installation[edit]

Deepin comes with an easy-to-use installer named “Deepin Installer” that was created by Deepin Technology. The installer has clear instructions, so users new to Linux can also install the OS without any problems. Deepin also comes with a drive partition manager, which allows the user to partition and manage where to install OS.[16][17]

Pre-installed Applications[edit]

Deepin comes pre-installed with many open-source programs. However, Deepin also comes with other non open-source programs like Google Chrome, Spotify, and Steam. And unlike traditional Linux distros, Deepin does not come with the LibreOffice, instead it uses the Chinese alternative, WPS Office suite (which is known for its excellent compatibility with Microsoft Office).[18][19]

Deepin also comes with their own, "original applications", like the Deepin Terminal, Deepin Store, Deepin File Manager, Deepin Music, and many more.[20]

Criticisms[edit]

Spyware[edit]

In April 2018, Deepin 15.5 was criticized for containing spyware by QuidsUp (a British YouTuber who reviews Linux distros, and had also reviewed previous releases of Deepin). QuidsUp claimed that while looking into the operating system for suspicious requests, he noticed that when requests to the Deepin Store were sent, a follow-up request by CNZZ would also show up. When analyzed, these requests from CNZZ seemed to collect the browser agents and a few other information of the user.[21][22] This caused many of the users, and the Linux community to suspect that Deepin was providing backdoors for the Chinese government.[23] The company has made official statements on the matter, clarifying that it has not collected user private information in the past and will not collect user private information in the future. CNZZ is a website similar to Google Analytics,[24] and collects user anonymous usage information like the screen size, browser and, other "harmless" browser user agents.[25]

Performance[edit]

Deepin is known for its exceptionally slow download speeds from the default repositories. Downloading packages from the default Deepin repositories takes significantly longer than of other distros, making the experience very sluggish. Additionally, Deepin's reputation is that it has relatively high CPU and memory demands, even while the system is idle. This stands out starkly because of Linux's legacy of supporting old, less capable hardware to run just as well as other consumer-grade desktop operating systems.[26][27]

Releases[edit]

The release cycle has followed various schedules but currently aims for four releases per year.[28] Releases are delayed if the work of development and testing has not been completed.

Version Release Date Desktop Environment Underlying System
Hiwix 0.1 February 28, 2004 IceWM Morphix
Hiweed Linux 0.2 March 3, 2004
Hiweed Linux 0.3 July 22, 2004[29] Xfce Debian
Hiweed Linux 0.55 September 25, 2004[30]
Hiweed Linux 0.6 February 24, 2005[31]
Hiweed Linux 1.0 September 25, 2006[32] Ubuntu
Hiweed Linux 2.0 November 17, 2008[33] LXDE
Linux Deepin 9.12 December 30, 2009[34] GNOME 2
Linux Deepin 10.06 July 20, 2010[35]
Linux Deepin 10.12 December 31, 2010[36]
Linux Deepin 11.06 July 4, 2011[37]
Linux Deepin 11.12 December 30, 2011[38] GNOME 3
Linux Deepin 11.12.1 February 29, 2012[39][40][41]
Linux Deepin 12.06 July 17, 2012[42][43]
Linux Deepin 12.12 June 19, 2013[44][45] Deepin Desktop Environment 1.0
Linux Deepin 12.12.1 August 7, 2013[46][47]
Linux Deepin 2013 November 28, 2013[48][49][50]
Deepin 2014 July 6, 2014[51][52][53][54] Deepin Desktop Environment 2.0
Deepin 2014.1 August 28, 2014[55][56]
Deepin 2014.2 December 31, 2014[57][58][59]
deepin 2014.3 April 28, 2015[60]
deepin 15 December 31, 2015[61][62][63] Deepin Desktop Environment 3.0 Debian (unstable)
deepin 15.1 January 29, 2016[64]
deepin 15.1.1 March 9, 2016[65]
deepin 15.2 June 1, 2016[66]
deepin 15.4 July 19, 2017[67][68]
deepin 15.4.1 July 21, 2017[69]
deepin 15.5 November 30, 2017[2][70]
deepin 15.6 June 15, 2018[1][71][72][73][74]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "deepin 15.6 improvements". deepin.org. 
  2. ^ a b "DEEPIN 15.5——KNOW WHAT YOU WANT, OFFER WHAT YOU NEED". Deepin Technology Community. Retrieved 2017-12-23. 
  3. ^ Massimo Antonio Carofano (29 April 2015). "Rilasciato Deepin 2014.3: novità, considerazioni e download!". QWERTYmag. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Chen Xiang Bang (14 May 2015). "_Must Read_ Community Declaration, Community Rules and Community Management Team". QWERTYmag. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  5. ^ 【开源专访】Linux Deepin:做更好用的Linux桌面系统-CSDN.NET
  6. ^ Wallen, Jack (February 14, 2014). "Linux Deepin is a fringe Linux distribution that could steal your heart". TechRepublic. Retrieved 2017-09-19. And then there's Linux Deepin (formerly Hiweed Linux). 
  7. ^ a b c "Aboutus". Deepin Technology Community. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  8. ^ "Search Distributions". Distrowatch. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  9. ^ "Deepin Desktop Environment - ArchWiki". ArchWiki. Retrieved 2017-09-19. Deepin Desktop Environment From ArchWiki Jump to: navigation, search 
  10. ^ "Manjaro Community Editions". Manjaro. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "Vivaldi - deepin Wiki". wiki.deepin.org. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  12. ^ "Strategic Partners". CodeWeavers. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  13. ^ Bhartiya, Swapnil (January 12, 2015). "Deepin Linux: A Polished Distro That's Easy to Install and Use". Linux.com. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  14. ^ a b c quidsup (May 4, 2017). Linux Deepin 15.4 Review - Fancier and Faster. YouTube. Retrieved 2017-08-04. 
  15. ^ "Alibaba, DCHQ, MediaTek, PayPal and Wuhan Deepin Technology Join Linux Foundation - The Linux Foundation" (Press release). The Linux Foundation. Aug 13, 2015. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  16. ^ "Deepin Linux: A Polished Distro That's Easy to Install and Use". 
  17. ^ "Deepin Installer". 
  18. ^ "LibreOffice vs WPS Office detailed comparison as of 2018". 
  19. ^ "Deepin 15: A Beautifully Crafted Linux Distribution for Everyone". 
  20. ^ "Original Applications". 
  21. ^ quidsup (Apr 12, 2018). "Linux Deepin Is Spyware". Youtube. Retrieved 2018-05-05. 
  22. ^ quidsup (Apr 15, 2018). "Linux Deepin Is Spyware Follow-up". Youtube. Retrieved 2018-05-05. 
  23. ^ Is Deepin OS a spyware - Quora
  24. ^ "CNZZ". Crunchbase. Crunchbase Inc. Retrieved 27 June 2018. 
  25. ^ Official Administrator (2018-04-14). "Linux Deepin is NOT spyware". Deepin Forum. Retrieved 2018-05-05. 
  26. ^ "Deepin 15.4 review - All that glitters is not gold". 
  27. ^ "Ubuntu vs Deepin detailed comparison as of 2018". 
  28. ^ "Interview with Deepin project leader Wang Yong | MUZI". muzi.info. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  29. ^ Distribution Release: Hiweed Desktop 0.3 (DistroWatch.com News)
  30. ^ Distribution Release: Hiweed Desktop 0.55 (DistroWatch.com News)
  31. ^ Distribution Release: Hiweed Desktop 0.6 (DistroWatch.com News)
  32. ^ Distribution Release: Hiweed Desktop 1.0 (DistroWatch.com News)
  33. ^ Distribution Release: Hiweed Desktop 2.0 Beta (DistroWatch.com News)
  34. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 9.12 (DistroWatch.com News)
  35. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 10.06 (DistroWatch.com News)
  36. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 10.12 (DistroWatch.com News)
  37. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 11.06 (DistroWatch.com News)
  38. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 11.12 (DistroWatch.com News)
  39. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 11.12.1 (DistroWatch.com News)
  40. ^ Linux Deepin 11.12.1 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  41. ^ Deepin: An Elegant Ubuntu-based Distro For The Chinese
  42. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 12.06 (DistroWatch.com News)
  43. ^ Linux Deepin 12.06 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  44. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 12.12 (DistroWatch.com News)
  45. ^ Linux Deepin 12.12 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  46. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 12.12.1 (DistroWatch.com News)
  47. ^ Linux Deepin 12.12.1 - Bloody fantastic, Dedoimedo
  48. ^ Linux Deepin 2013 is released! — Deepin Technology Community
  49. ^ Distribution Release: Linux Deepin 2013 (DistroWatch.com News)
  50. ^ Linux Deepin 2013 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  51. ^ Deepin 2014 Release———Hold Your Dream and Move Forward — Deepin Technology Community
  52. ^ Distribution Release: Deepin 2014 (DistroWatch.com News)
  53. ^ Deepin 2014 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  54. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 569, 28 July 2014
  55. ^ Deepin 2014.1 Released———Fast Stable Easy to Use — Deepin Technology Community
  56. ^ OpenNews: Выпуск дистрибутива Deepin 2014.1, с собственным рабочим столом на основе технологий HTML5 (in Russian)
  57. ^ deepin 2014.2 Released——Free Unique Avant garde — Deepin Technology Community
  58. ^ Deepin 2014.2 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  59. ^ Deepin Linux: A Polished Distro That's Easy to Install and Use | Linux.com | The source of Linux information
  60. ^ deepin 2014.3 Released——Free Unique Avant garde — Deepin Technology Community
  61. ^ deepin 15 Release——Stick To Original Idea, Stick To Our Dream — Deepin Technology Community
  62. ^ Distribution Release: deepin 15 (DistroWatch.com News)
  63. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 646, 1 February 2016
  64. ^ Chen Xiang Bang (29 January 2016). "deepin 15.1——Never Stop To Be Better". deepin Weblog. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  65. ^ melodyzou, pressroom of the deepin project (9 March 2016). "deepin 15.1.1 Released". deepin Weblog. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  66. ^ melodyzou, pressroom of the deepin project (31 May 2016). "deepin 15.2 — Firmly Move Forward With Our Dreams". deepin Weblog. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  67. ^ deepin 15.4——Outstanding from inside out – Deepin Technology Community
  68. ^ Deepin 15.4 review - All that glitters is not gold, Dedoimedo
  69. ^ Deepin 15.4.1 Released – Deepin Technology Community
  70. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 746, 15 January 2018
  71. ^ Deepin 15.6 Released with New App Launcher + More - OMG! Ubuntu!
  72. ^ Debian-based deepin Linux 15.6 now available, BetaNews
  73. ^ Deepin 15.6 Linux OS Launches with Improved HiDPI Support, Light and Dark Themes, Softpedia News.
  74. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 768, 18 June 2018