Deerfield Township, New Jersey

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Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Deerfield
Beth Hillel Synagogue
Deerfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Deerfield Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Deerfield Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′33″N 75°07′55″W / 39.459043°N 75.131987°W / 39.459043; -75.131987Coordinates: 39°27′33″N 75°07′55″W / 39.459043°N 75.131987°W / 39.459043; -75.131987[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Deerfield, Massachusetts
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Rudolph "Rudy" Danna Jr. (R, December 31, 2016)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Karen Seifrit[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 16.796 sq mi (43.501 km2)
 • Land 16.761 sq mi (43.411 km2)
 • Water 0.035 sq mi (0.089 km2)  0.21%
Area rank 165th of 566 in state
12th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 3,119
 • Estimate (2015)[10] 3,099
 • Rank 448th of 566 in state
10th of 14 in county[11]
 • Density 186.1/sq mi (71.9/km2)
 • Density rank 513th of 566 in state
6th of 14 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Bridgeton[12]
08352 - Rosenhayn[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3401116900[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882054[1][17]
Website www.deerfieldtownship.org

Deerfield Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,119,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 192 (+6.6%) from the 2,927 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 6 (-0.2%) from the 2,933 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Deerfield Township was formed as a precinct on January 19, 1748, and was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to form Bridgeton Township (March 3, 1845) and Upper Deerfield Township (February 23, 1922).[19] The township was named for Deerfield, Massachusetts.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 16.796 square miles (43.501 km2), including 16.761 square miles (43.411 km2) of land and 0.035 square miles (0.089 km2) of water (0.21%).[1][2]

Rosenhayn (2010 population of 1,098[21]) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Deerfield Township.[22]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Carmel and Garton.[23]

Deerfield Township borders Upper Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Millville, Vineland, and Salem County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,889
1820 1,903 0.7%
1830 2,417 27.0%
1840 2,621 8.4%
1850 927 * −64.6%
1860 1,288 38.9%
1870 1,518 17.9%
1880 1,643 8.2%
1890 2,614 59.1%
1900 3,066 17.3%
1910 3,311 8.0%
1920 3,153 −4.8%
1930 1,513 * −52.0%
1940 1,483 −2.0%
1950 1,758 18.5%
1960 2,053 16.8%
1970 2,464 20.0%
1980 2,523 2.4%
1990 2,933 16.3%
2000 2,927 −0.2%
2010 3,119 6.6%
Est. 2015 3,099 [10][24] −0.6%
Population sources: 1810-2000[25]
1810-1920[26] 1840[27] 1850-1870[28]
1850[29] 1870[30] 1880-1890[31]
1890-1910[32] 1910-1930[33]
1930-1990[34] 2000[35][36] 2010[7]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,119 people, 1,089 households, and 810.2 families residing in the township. The population density was 186.1 per square mile (71.9/km2). There were 1,143 housing units at an average density of 68.2 per square mile (26.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 73.23% (2,284) White, 12.06% (376) Black or African American, 2.12% (66) Native American, 1.35% (42) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 7.41% (231) from other races, and 3.85% (120) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.08% (439) of the population.[7]

There were 1,089 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.[7]

In the township, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.9 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,571 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,904) and the median family income was $73,566 (+/- $9,367). Males had a median income of $46,309 (+/- $5,147) versus $31,574 (+/- $6,302) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,799 (+/- $3,131). About 3.1% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,927 people, 1,013 households, and 785 families residing in the township. The population density was 173.8 people per square mile (67.1/km²). There were 1,065 housing units at an average density of 63.2 per square mile (24.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 78.20% White, 13.05% African American, 1.54% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 3.04% from other races, and 3.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.94% of the population.[35][36]

There were 1,013 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.22.[35][36]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the township was $45,365, and the median income for a family was $47,225. Males had a median income of $34,196 versus $25,147 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,468. About 6.3% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Deerfield Township is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5][38] At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Deerfield Township Committee are Mayor Rudolph "Rudy" Danna Jr. (R, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2016), Deputy Mayor Frank R. Spatola Jr. (D, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Cosmo J. Laurella (R, 2016), Abigail Perlstein O'Brien (R, 2018) and Joseph V. Sparacio (R, 2017).[39][40][41][42][43][44]

After being tied at the November 2014 general election on election day with 362 votes, Democratic incumbent Frank Spatola Jr. was reelected with 366 votes, edging Republican challenger Jason P. Scythes by three votes once provisional ballots were counted.[45] At the township's January 2015 reorganization meeting, Sparacio was sworn in using a conference call as he was stationed outside the country as part of his service with the Air National Guard.[46]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Deerfield Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][48][49]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[50] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[51] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[52][53]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[57][58] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[59] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[60] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[61] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[62] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[63] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[64] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[65][66][67][68] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[69] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[70] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,087 registered voters in Deerfield Township, of which 552 (26.4%) were registered as Democrats, 522 (25.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,013 (48.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[72]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.4% of the vote (698 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 45.7% (597 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (12 votes), among the 1,325 ballots cast by the township's 2,125 registered voters (18 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.4%.[73][74] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 52.0% of the vote (744 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 46.1% (659 votes), with 1,431 ballots cast among the township's 2,066 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.3%.[75] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 51.0% of the vote (665 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 47.5% (619 votes), with 1,303 ballots cast among the township's 1,847 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.5.[76]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.4% of the vote (532 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 33.7% (274 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (8 votes), among the 831 ballots cast by the township's 2,015 registered voters (17 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.2%.[77][78] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 45.8% of the vote (445 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 42.8% (416 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.9% (67 votes), with 971 ballots cast among the township's 2,070 registered voters, yielding a 46.9% turnout.[79]

Education[edit]

The Deerfield Township School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Deerfield Township School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 356 students and 29.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.07:1.[80]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township.[81][82][83] As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,354 students and 87.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.4:1.[84]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 51.26 miles (82.49 km) of roadways, of which 10.45 miles (16.82 km) were maintained by the municipality, 38.21 miles (61.49 km) by Cumberland County and 2.60 miles (4.18 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[85]

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Deerfield Township include:

  • Al McCoy (1894–1966), boxing world middleweight champion from 1914 to 1917.[87]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ Clerk / Administrator, Deerfield Township. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Deerfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Deerfield township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Rosenhayn, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Deerfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed February 15, 2015.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 22, 2012.
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  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 22, 2012.
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  22. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed October 22, 2012.
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  27. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  28. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 267, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 3, 2013. "Deerfield is in the northwestern part of the county seven miles from Bridgeton. The West Jersey Railroad runs through the centre of this township from north to south. The population in 1850 was 927; in 1860, 1,288; and in 1870, 1,518."
  29. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  30. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  31. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  32. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  33. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  34. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  35. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  36. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  37. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Deerfield township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  38. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  39. ^ Deerfield Township Committee, Deerfield Township. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  40. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Deerfield Township. Accessed June 21, 2015.
  41. ^ 2016 Directory of Cumberland County, New Jersey, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  42. ^ Cumberland County GENERAL - November 3rd, 2015 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 3, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  43. ^ Cumberland County General - November 4, 2014 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated March 17, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  44. ^ Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 6, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  45. ^ Woods, Done E. "Deerfield Township election result comes down to 3-vote difference", NJ.com, November 10, 2014. Accessed June 30, 2016. "According to Kelly Hoffman, election clerk for the Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Democratic incumbent Deputy Mayor Frank Spatola Jr. won re-election with 366 votes.Jason P. Scythes, the Republican challenger, received 363 votes.... After Election Day, Spatola and Scythes were originally tied with 362 votes each."
  46. ^ Woods, Don E. "Deerfield Township swears in deployed committeeman over telephone", South Jersey Times, January 14, 2015. Accessed January 15, 2015. "Even though he was deployed overseas with the Air National Guard, Deerfield Township Committeeman Joseph V. Sparacio was sworn in over a conference call during the township's reorganization."
  47. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
  49. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  51. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  52. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  56. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  57. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  58. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  59. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  62. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  63. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  64. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  68. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
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  75. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  76. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  77. ^ "Governor - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
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  79. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  80. ^ District information for Deerfield Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 1, 2014.
  81. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 5, 2016. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County, provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9-12 who reside in the municipalities of Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield."
  82. ^ Shott, Meghan. "Cumberland Regional High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed June 5, 2016. "Cumberland Regional High School, located in the northwest part of Cumberland County, serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township."
  83. ^ Constituent Districts, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed June 5, 2016.
  84. ^ School data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
  85. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  86. ^ New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. Accessed September 3, 2013.
  87. ^ Siegman, Joseph. "Jewish Sports Legends: The International Jewish Hall of Fame", via Google Books, p. 59. Brassey's, 2000. ISBN 9781574882841. Accessed December 29, 2007.

External links[edit]