Deerpark, New York

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Deerpark, New York
Town of Deerpark
The refurbished Huguenot Schoolhouse, now the historical museum of Deerpark
The refurbished Huguenot Schoolhouse, now the historical museum of Deerpark
Location in Orange County and New York
Location in Orange County and New York
Deerpark, New York is located in New York
Deerpark, New York
Deerpark, New York
Deerpark, New York is located in the United States
Deerpark, New York
Deerpark, New York
Coordinates: 41°27′N 74°39′W / 41.450°N 74.650°W / 41.450; -74.650Coordinates: 41°27′N 74°39′W / 41.450°N 74.650°W / 41.450; -74.650
Country United States
State New York
CountyOrange
Settled1690
Established1798
Government
 • Town SupervisorGary Spears (R, C, I)
  • Arthur T. Trovei (R, C, I)
  • David M. Dean (R, C, I)
  • Kenneth E. Smith (R, C, I)
  • Al Schock (R, C, I)
Area
 • Total67.95 sq mi (175.98 km2)
 • Land66.50 sq mi (172.23 km2)
 • Water1.45 sq mi (3.75 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,509
 • Density110/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
12729, 12746, 12780, 12785
Area code(s)845
FIPS code36-071-19961
WebsiteThe Town of Deerpark Website

Deerpark is a town in the western part of Orange County, New York, United States, and part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2020 Census, the population was at 7,509. The center of population of New York is located in Cuddebackville, a hamlet in Deerpark.[2] Cuddebackville and Deerpark most prominently serve as the headquarters of both the global Falun Gong religious movement and the Shen Yun performance arts troupe, based at the Dragon Springs compound.

History[edit]

Dutch colonists settled in the area in the 17th century, centered on a Dutch settlement named Mahackamack. The settlement was part of the boundary dispute between New York and New Jersey, which was not resolved until 1773.[3] During the American Revolution, the village was sacked and burned. Following the revolution, The town of Deerpark was organized in 1798 from the town of Mamakating after Port Jervis was set apart from the territory. During the 19th century, the Delaware and Hudson Canal ran through the town.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.9 square miles (176 km2), of which 66.4 square miles (172 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (2.14%) is water. It is considered the second largest town in area in Orange County.

The southwestern town line is the border of Pennsylvania, marked by the Delaware River. The western and northern town lines are the border of Sullivan County, New York. The Neversink River flows through the town. The city of Port Jervis is located at the southern corner of the town, and a small portion of the town borders on Montague Township, New Jersey.

US Route 209 parallels the course of the Neversink River. Hawk's Nest scenic overlook along New York State Route 97 offers views of the Delaware River. Interstate 84 passes through the southern portion of town near the New Jersey state line.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800955
18101,23028.8%
18201,3408.9%
18301,167−12.9%
18401,60737.7%
18504,032150.9%
18605,18628.6%
18709,38781.0%
188011,42021.7%
18902,156−81.1%
19001,932−10.4%
19101,696−12.2%
19201,615−4.8%
19301,77910.2%
19402,22725.2%
19502,51913.1%
19602,77710.2%
19704,37057.4%
19805,63328.9%
19907,83239.0%
20007,8580.3%
20107,9010.5%
20207,509−5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 7,858 people, 2,906 households, and 2,115 families residing in the town. The population density was 118.3 people per square mile (45.7/km2). There were 3,332 housing units at an average density of 50.2 per square mile (19.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 90.52% White, 5.54% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.74% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population.

There were 2,906 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $49,987. Males had a median income of $40,070 versus $25,642 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,252. About 7.4% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations[edit]

  • Cahoonzie – A hamlet in the western part of the town on NY-42.
  • Cuddebackville – A hamlet at the intersection of US-209 and NY-211, located approximately ten miles north of Port Jervis. The community was named after Colonel William Cuddeback, the original owner of the site.[6]
  • Dragon Springs – A compound of the Falun Gong movement, home to its leader Li Hongzhi and many of his followers.
  • Godeffroy – A small hamlet south of Cuddebackville on US-209.
  • Huguenot – A hamlet north of Port Jervis on US-209. Huguenot Schoolhouse and Neversink Valley Grange Hall No. 1530 are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7][8] The community is named after the Huguenot immigrants that moved there to escape religious persecution.
  • Montague Valley Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area near Cahoonzie.
  • Paradise – A hamlet on County Road 7 by the northern town line.
  • Port Orange – A hamlet north of Cuddebackville on US-209.
  • Prospect Hill – A hamlet west of Cuddebackville.
  • Rio – A hamlet on NY-42 near the northern town line. Cottage in the Pines was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015.[9]
  • Roses Point – A location south of Cuddebackville on US-209.
  • Sparrowbush – A hamlet and census-designated place west of Port Jervis on NY-42 and the Delaware River.
  • Westbrookville – A hamlet north of Cuddebackville on US-209, located on the border of Orange and Sullivan County

Education[edit]

Port Jervis School District serves most of Deerpark, including Sparrow Bush. A small portion is zoned to Eldred Central School District.[10]

The Port Jervis district operates Hamilton Bicentennial Elementary School (HBE) in Cuddebackville.[11] Additionally Anna S. Kuhl Elementary School is in Deerpark, but with a Port Jervis postal address.[12] The zoned secondary schools for the district are Port Jervis Middle School and Port Jervis High School, the former in Port Jervis,[13] and the latter in Deerpark but with a Port Jervis postal address.[14] Kuhl and Port Jervis High are on the same property.[15]

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ "State Centers" U.S. Census Bureau
  3. ^ "History". townofdeerparkny.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-20.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Eager, Samuel Watkins (1846). An Outline History of Orange County: Together with Local Tradition and Short Biographical Sketches of Early Settlers, Etc. T. E. Henderson. p. 394.
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/09/13 through 12/13/13. National Park Service. 2013-12-20.
  9. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 10/19/15 through 10/23/15. National Park Service. 2015-10-13.
  10. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Orange County, NY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
  11. ^ "Home". Hamilton Bicentennial Elementary School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 929 Route 209 Cuddebackville, New York 12729
  12. ^ "Home". Anna S. Kuhl Elementary School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 10 Route 209 Port Jervis, New York 12771 - Despite the "Port Jervis" postal address, the school is physically in Deerpark.
  13. ^ "Home". Port Jervis Middle School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 118 E Main Street Port Jervis, New York 12771
  14. ^ "Home". Port Jervis High School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 10 Route 209 Port Jervis, New York 12771 - Despite the "Port Jervis" postal address, the school is physically in Deerpark.
  15. ^ "Port Jervis High School Profile" (PDF). Port Jervis School District. Retrieved 2022-01-18.

External links[edit]