Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee
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The Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee, also referred to as the Defense Policy Board (DPBAC or DPB), is a federal advisory committee to the United States Department of Defense. Their charter is available online through the office of the Director of Administration and Management of the Department of Defense. The committee type is discretionary.
Excerpt of Objectives and Scope of Activities from charter:
1. The Defense Policy Board will serve the public interest by providing the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy with independent, informed advice and opinion concerning major matters of defense policy. It will focus upon long-term, enduring issues central to strategic planning for the Department of Defense and will be responsible for research and analysis of topics, long or short range, addressed to it by the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
Announcements for upcoming meetings of the DPBAC are published in the Federal Register.
Historically, the DPBAC has mostly served as a method for the Pentagon to leverage consulting expertise in the private sector. However, the DPBAC served a very powerful and influential role in foreign policy in the George W. Bush presidency. Former Chairman Richard Perle was an influence in the decision to go to war in Iraq, and Jack Keane was instrumental in the implementation of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.
On 25 November 2020, just before the Thanksgiving weekend, the Trump administration removed at least 11 of 13 board members, including senior defense policy experts such as Henry Kissinger, Madeleine Albright and Jane Harman, leaving Paula Dobriansky and Jim Talent. As of November 27, 2020, replacements have not been named.
In December 2020 Trump administration's Department of Defense announced several replacements to the Defense Policy Board. The included a Hudson Institute analyst Michael Pillsbury as the new board chair, former National Nuclear Security Administration Administrator Lisa Gordon-Hagerty, former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, former Ambassador Thomas Carter, a historian and consultant Edward Luttwak, a retired Air Force Capt. Scott O'Grady, presidential adviser Thomas Stewart, former Rep. Randy Forbes, former Sen. Robert Smith and former Ambassador Charles Glazer. On January 19, 2021, Trump's last full day in office, Kash Patel and Anthony Tata were named to the board as well.
In a January 30, 2021 memo, newly confirmed president Biden's Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin ordered a "zero-based" review of all the Pentagon advisory boards, and fired all members of the Pentagon advisory boards who are appointed by the DoD effective February 16, 2021. That includes all members of the Defense Police Board.
Current members of the board
- New COIN in the Realm
- Pickrell, Ryan (28 November 2020). "The Trump administration quietly pushed out nearly a dozen prominent defense advisors after its Pentagon leadership purge". Business Insider. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- "Trump Administration Clears Out Pentagon Defense Policy Board". KABC-AM. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
- Barbara Starr and Ryan Browne. "Trump administration removes experts from Defense Policy Board". CNN. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- Detsch, Jack; Gramer, Robbie (25 November 2020). "Pentagon Purges Leading Advisors From Defense Policy Board - It's unclear why the Trump administration waited until its final months to shake up the influential group of outside experts advising top Pentagon leaders". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
- Tony Bertuca (14 December 2020). "DOD names new Defense Policy Board members in latest lame-duck shake up". Inside Defense. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
- Jack Detsch (19 January 2021). "Trump Taps Loyalists to Defense Policy Board in Last-Minute Move". foreignpolicy.com. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
- Lara Seligman and Conor O'Brien (2 February 2021). "Austin ousts Pentagon advisory board members as he roots out Trump appointees". Politico. Retrieved 12 March 2021.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)