Defiance County, Ohio

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Defiance County, Ohio
Defiance County Courthouse, southern side and front.jpg
Seal of Defiance County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Defiance County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 7, 1845[1]
Named for Fort Defiance
Seat Defiance
Largest city Defiance
Area
 • Total 414 sq mi (1,072 km2)
 • Land 411 sq mi (1,064 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (7 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 39,037
 • Density 95/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.defiance-county.com

Defiance County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,037.[2] Its county seat is Defiance.[3] The county was named after an early Army fortification, Fort Defiance, which was so named by Mad Anthony Wayne to signify the settlers' "defiance" of the Indians.[4][5]

The Defiance, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Defiance County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 414 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 411 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.7%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 6,966
1860 11,886 70.6%
1870 15,719 32.2%
1880 22,515 43.2%
1890 25,769 14.5%
1900 26,387 2.4%
1910 24,498 −7.2%
1920 24,549 0.2%
1930 22,714 −7.5%
1940 24,367 7.3%
1950 25,925 6.4%
1960 31,508 21.5%
1970 36,949 17.3%
1980 39,987 8.2%
1990 39,350 −1.6%
2000 39,500 0.4%
2010 39,037 −1.2%
Est. 2016 38,158 [7] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 39,500 people, 15,138 households, and 11,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 96 people per square mile (37/km²). There were 16,040 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.59% White, 1.75% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.59% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 7.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.6% were of German, 13.5% American, 6.8% Irish and 5.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,138 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,938, and the median income for a family was $50,876. Males had a median income of $37,936 versus $23,530 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,667. About 4.50% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,037 people, 15,268 households, and 10,792 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 94.9 inhabitants per square mile (36.6/km2). There were 16,729 housing units at an average density of 40.7 per square mile (15.7/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 1.9% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.8% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 42.3% were German, 12.5% were Irish, 9.6% were English, and 7.7% were American.[15]

Of the 15,268 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.3% were non-families, and 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 39.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,480 and the median income for a family was $54,472. Males had a median income of $44,354 versus $30,610 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,139. About 11.2% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.7% 11,688 29.3% 5,368 7.1% 1,293
2012 55.5% 10,176 42.2% 7,732 2.4% 431
2008 54.1% 10,407 43.7% 8,399 2.2% 426
2004 61.6% 11,397 37.7% 6,975 0.8% 144
2000 58.7% 9,540 38.0% 6,175 3.3% 527
1996 47.0% 7,469 39.9% 6,343 13.1% 2,081
1992 41.8% 7,195 33.3% 5,735 24.9% 4,281
1988 63.1% 9,566 36.0% 5,448 0.9% 139
1984 67.9% 10,951 31.0% 5,004 1.1% 175
1980 59.8% 9,358 32.6% 5,096 7.6% 1,185
1976 55.0% 7,526 42.8% 5,850 2.2% 303
1972 65.4% 8,914 32.1% 4,377 2.5% 339
1968 52.6% 7,348 40.7% 5,686 6.6% 925
1964 36.7% 5,048 63.3% 8,707
1960 63.1% 8,912 36.9% 5,207
1956 69.0% 8,786 31.0% 3,941
1952 68.0% 8,834 32.0% 4,161
1948 56.9% 5,927 42.8% 4,454 0.3% 28
1944 67.2% 7,450 32.8% 3,634
1940 65.0% 8,010 35.0% 4,313
1936 42.8% 5,000 48.1% 5,608 9.1% 1,062
1932 36.5% 3,871 61.7% 6,532 1.8% 192
1928 64.3% 6,289 35.7% 3,487
1924 52.6% 4,841 35.0% 3,227 12.4% 1,145
1920 60.5% 5,987 37.6% 3,723 1.8% 180
1916 42.4% 2,565 55.5% 3,359 2.2% 131
1912 15.8% 872 50.6% 2,784 33.6% 1,848
1908 39.1% 2,531 57.9% 3,754 3.0% 197
1904 47.4% 3,032 50.3% 3,216 2.3% 144
1900 40.8% 2,684 57.2% 3,766 2.0% 130
1896 36.0% 2,414 63.2% 4,239 0.8% 50
1892 35.1% 2,062 56.4% 3,311 8.6% 503
1888 37.2% 2,245 59.2% 3,567 3.6% 218
1884 39.6% 2,184 59.6% 3,288 0.9% 47
1880 38.4% 1,977 61.0% 3,140 0.6% 30
1876 34.4% 1,520 65.4% 2,888 0.2% 7
1872 38.3% 1,093 60.3% 1,720 1.4% 40

Based on how closely the county came to matching the nationwide vote for the winning Presidential candidate, Defiance deviated the least of any county from 1980 to 2004. In 2004, the difference between the points swing vs. the national trend was just 0.05%. All the other elections since 1980 have been tight margins: 4.6% in 2000, 0.4% in 1996, 0.04% (exactly) in 1992, 0.6% in 1988, 0.03 in 1984, and 2.1% in 1980.[18]

In 2008, it lost its bellwether status, voting for John McCain with 54% of the vote in the year that Barack Obama won the presidency.[19]

Communities[edit]

Map of Defiance County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The closeness of elections in Defiance County has also been referenced in fiction; the ABC political drama Scandal in its second season had as the center of the ongoing plot of the first half of that season, a vote manipulation conspiracy which bent the presidential election towards Republican candidate Fitzgerald Grant based on tampering of the voting machines in Defiance County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Defiance County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor". Retrieved 2007-04-05. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ [2]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°19′N 84°29′W / 41.32°N 84.49°W / 41.32; -84.49