Deforestation in Cambodia
Cambodia has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, third to only Nigeria and Vietnam, according to a 2005 report conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Cambodia's primary rainforest cover fell dramatically from over 70% in 1970 at the end of the Vietnam War to just 3.1% in 2007. Deforestation is accelerating at an alarming rate, with overall rate of total forest loss at nearly 75% since the end of the 1990s. In total, Cambodia lost 25,000 square kilometres of forest between 1990 and 2005, 3,340 square kilometres of which was primary forest. As of 2007, less than 3,220 square kilometres of primary forest remain, with the result that the future sustainability of Cambodia's forest reserves is under severe threat.
According to a 2015 report, U.K. environmental rights group Global Witness places Cambodian timber magnate Try Pheap at the center of a large illegal logging enterprise driving Cambodia's rarest tree species to the brink of extinction. The report concludes that the operation of the illegal logging is being done with the collusion of government and military officials with virtually all of the illegally cut and transported wood going to China.
Rare wood types threatened with extinction
The organization Global Witness says a vast illegal logging operation is driving the country's rarest tree species to the brink of extinction with government and military officials acting with impunity to keep the operation functioning. The Global Witness report said, "government and industry insiders, including people who work for Okhna Try Pheap, indicated that entrenched corruption had ensured loggers in his network were given safe passage and immunity from timber confiscations and penalties."
Community forestry units in Cambodia
|Province||No. districts||No. communes||No. Community Forestry units||Area (km²)||Supporting organizations|
|Banteay Meanchey||2||3||5||10.74||CARERE, IFAD|
|Battambang Province||6||6||17||39.5||ADESS, CARERE|
|Kampong Chhnang Province||3||9||13||8.48||Concern|
|Kampong Speu Province||2||4||4||4.385||Oxfam-American, Prasac II, LWS, GTZ|
|Kampong Thom Province||3||3||12||7.001||CFRP|
|Koh Kong Province||2||2||2||32.54||CFRP, AFSC/SLP|
|Oddar Meancheay Province||5||6||12||5.581||GCP/CMB/NZE/CFI|
|Preah Vihear Province||3||5||2||5.885||BPS, Oxfam GB|
|Pursat Province||5||11||13||33.443||Seila, Ausaid, Concern, ADESS|
|Ratanakiri||6||11||12||125.51||NTFP, CBNRM, IDRC/PLG/SEILA/UNDP|
|Siem Reap Province||11||25||35||115.297||FAO, IFAD ADESS, EPDO|
|Svay Rieng||2||4||1||17.04||Oxfam GB, CIDSE, CRS|
|Takeo Province||3||5||1||4.7517 eht||MCC/DFW/MAFF|
- Butler, Rhett A. "Nigeria has worst deforestation rate, FAO revises figures". mongabay.com. November 17, 2005.
- "Brief on National Forest Inventory - Cambodia" (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. June 2007. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Logging threatens Cambodian tragedy - UN". Thomson Reuters. March 6, 2003.
- Peter, Zsombor (2015-02-06). "Timber Trader Try Pheap Linked to Logging Racket". Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- Gerin, Roseanne (2015-02-06). "China's Appetite for Luxury Rosewood Fuels Illegal Timber Trade in Cambodia". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- Community Forestry International - Oddar Meancheay
- FAO - Community Forestry Development in Northwestern Cambodia
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