Degerfors

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Degerfors
Degerfors Train Station
Degerfors is located in Örebro
Degerfors
Degerfors
Degerfors is located in Sweden
Degerfors
Degerfors
Coordinates: 59°14′N 14°26′E / 59.233°N 14.433°E / 59.233; 14.433Coordinates: 59°14′N 14°26′E / 59.233°N 14.433°E / 59.233; 14.433
Country  Sweden
Province Värmland
County Örebro County
Municipality Degerfors Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 7.14 km2 (2.76 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 7,160
 • Density 1,003/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Degerfors is a locality and the seat of Degerfors Municipality, Örebro County, Sweden, with 7,160 inhabitants in 2010.[1] Degerfors has traditionally been an industrial community closely connected to the large ironworks. The settlement (originally called Johannelund) grew up around this industry and got the status of a municipalsamhälle (a type of borough within a municipality) in 1912. Today it acts as seat of the larger Degerfors Municipality. Degerfors is famous for its successful football team Degerfors IF and for hosting the site of Sveafallen, a geological landscape of small canyons and giant's kettles.

Sveafallen[edit]

Immediately south of Degerfors lies the nature reserve of Sveafallen.[2] The reserve contains a series of small canyons as well as numerous and large giant's kettles.[2] Sveafallen was long held to be the outlet of the Ancylus Lake, a fresh-water predecessor to the Baltic Sea.[2] The site was first discovered in 1923 by Lennart von Post being the focus of a protracted and sometimes bitter scientific debate that involved not only von Post but also figures such as Henrik Munthe, Astrid Cleve and Curt Fredén.[2][3] The site was initially proposed to be the dry remnant of a dramatic river or waterfall comparable to Niagara Falls.[2][4] Research by Curt Fredén casted well founded doubts on this views[2][3] with the final demise being a 1981 study by Birgitta Ericsson and co-workers showing that the giant's kettles in the area are older than the Ancylus Lake.[3][5] Sveafallen is now believed to have formed by meltwater streams under the Fennoscandian ice sheet.[5]

Sports[edit]

Nationally, Degerfors is best known for the football team Degerfors IF. Despite the relatively small size of the town, Degerfors has always had strong local support, and played a total of 29 years in the highest division Allsvenskan. In 1997 the team were relegated and are currently playing in the second highest Swedish league, Superettan.

Another sports club located in Degerfors is Strömtorps IK.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Sveafallen". Länsstyrelsen Örebro Län (in Swedish). Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Björck, Svante (1995). "A review of the history of the Baltic Sea, 13.0-8.0 ka BP". Quaternary International. 17: 19–40. doi:10.1016/1040-6182(94)00057-C.
  4. ^ Fredén, Curt (1967). "A Historical Review of the Ancylus Lake and the Svea River". Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 89 (3): 239–267. doi:10.1080/11035896709448372.
  5. ^ a b Ericsson, Birgitta; Lidén, Eva; Robertsson, Ann-Marie (1981). "New pothole supports reinterpretation of Svea River". GFF. 104 (1): 95–97. doi:10.1080/11035898209454547.