Degree diameter problem

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In graph theory, the degree diameter problem is the problem of finding the largest possible graph G (in terms of the size of its vertex set V) of diameter k such that the largest degree of any of the vertices in G is at most d. The size of G is bounded above by the Moore bound; for 1 < k and 2 < d only the Petersen graph, the Hoffman-Singleton graph, and maybe a graph of diameter k = 2 and degree d = 57 attain the Moore bound. In general the largest degree-diameter graphs are much smaller in size than the Moore bound.


Let be the maximum possible number of vertices for a graph with degree at most d and diameter k. Then , where is the Moore bound:

This bound is attained for very few graphs, thus the study moves to how close there exist graphs to the Moore bound. For asymptotic behaviour note that .

Define the parameter . It is conjectured that for all k. It is known that and that . For the general case it is known that . Thus, although is conjectured that is still open if it is actually exponential.

See also[edit]


  • Bannai, E.; Ito, T. (1973), "On Moore graphs", J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo Ser. A, 20: 191–208, MR 0323615