Daylami language

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Deilami
ديلمی
Native to Iran
Region South Caspian Sea, Alborz highlands
Era 900–1300AD[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog None

The Deilami language, also known as Daylamite, Daylami, Dailamite, or Deylami (Persian: دیلمی‎‎, from the name of the Daylam region), is an extinct language which is a member of the northwestern Iranian language branch, of Iranian Languages. It was spoken in northern Iran, specifically in the mountainous area in Gīlān, Mazandaran, and Ghazvin Provinces.

Parviz Natel Khanlari listed this language as one of Iranian dialects spoken between the 9th and 13th centuries. Istakhri, a medieval Iranian geographer, has written about this language, as did Al-Muqaddasi, a medieval Arab geographer, who wrote "they have an obscure language and they use the phoneme khe /x/ a lot."[2] Abū Esḥāq Ṣābī had a similar report on people in the Deylam highlands who spoke a distinct language.[3]

According to Wilfered Madelung, in the early Islamic period the language of the Deylamites was a northwestern Iranian language. One of the characteristics of this language was an added ī sound between consonants and ā (Lāhījān=Līāhījān, Amīrkā=Amīrkīā).[4]

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mehdi Marashi, Mohammad Ali Jazayery, Persian studies in North America: studies in honor of Mohammad Ali Jazayery, Ibex Publishers, Inc., 1994, ISBN 0-936347-35-X, 9780936347356, p. 269
  2. ^ Mehdi Marashi, Mohammad Ali Jazayery, Persian studies in North America: studies in honor of Mohammad Ali Jazayery, Ibex Publishers, Inc., 1994, ISBN 0-936347-35-X, 9780936347356, p. 269
  3. ^ Wilferd Madelung. Abū Isḥāq al-Ṣābī on the Alids of Tabaristān and Gīlān. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1 (Jan., 1967), pp. 17-57, University of Chicago Press
  4. ^ Wilferd Maelung, Deylamites Encyclopedia Iranica

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