Deir Ballut

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Deir Ballut
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic دير بلّوط
 • Also spelled Dayr Ballout (official)
Deir al-Ballut (unofficial)
Deir Ballut is located in the Palestinian territories
Deir Ballut
Deir Ballut
Location of Deir Ballut within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°03′55″N 35°01′30″E / 32.06528°N 35.02500°E / 32.06528; 35.02500Coordinates: 32°03′55″N 35°01′30″E / 32.06528°N 35.02500°E / 32.06528; 35.02500
Governorate Salfit
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 3,195
Name meaning "Monastery (or Convent) of the Oak"[1]

Deir Ballut (Arabic: دير بلّوط‎‎) is a Palestinian town located in the Salfit Governorate in the northern West Bank, 41 kilometers (25 mi) south west of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, it had a population of 3,195 in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

Sherds from the Iron Age, Roman, Byzantine, Umayyad/Abbasid and Crusader/Ayyubid eras have been found here.[3]

Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi records in 1226, while Deir Ballut was under Mamluk rule, "Deir al-Ballut was a village of district around ar-Ramla."[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1870 Victor Guérin found it to be a village of one hundred and fifty people. However, judging by the extent of the ruins that covered the hill where it stood, Guérin thought it had once been a large city. Most houses were built with large stones.[5]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a small village, partly ruinous, but evidently once a place of greater importance, with rock-cut tombs. The huts are principally of stone. The water supply is from wells."[6] To the west of the village are rock-tombs, from a Christian age.[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

Deir Ballut was the site of minor engagement between Turkish and British troops on the March 12, 1918.

In the a 1922 census of Palestine Deir Ballut had a population of 384 inhabitants, all Muslim,[8] rising to 532 in the 1931 census, still all Muslim, in a total of 91 houses.[9]

In 1945 the population was 720, all Muslim[10] while the total land area was 14,789 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of this, 508 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 3,488 for cereals,[12] while 63 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[13]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Deir Ballut came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Deir Ballut has been under Israeli occupation.

View of Deir Ballut (foreground) from Peduel

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer 1881, p. 228
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 112.
  3. ^ Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 242
  4. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 428.
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 130
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 284
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 313
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 26
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 60
  10. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 105
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 155

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]