Deir Razih

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Deir Razih
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabicدير رازح
 • LatinKhirbet Deir Razih (official)
Dayr Razih (unofficial)
Deir Razih is located in the Palestinian territories
Deir Razih
Deir Razih
Location of Deir Razih within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°28′00″N 35°02′30″E / 31.46667°N 35.04167°E / 31.46667; 35.04167Coordinates: 31°28′00″N 35°02′30″E / 31.46667°N 35.04167°E / 31.46667; 35.04167
Palestine grid154/96
StateState of Palestine
GovernorateHebron
Government
 • TypeLocal Development Committee
Area
 • Total540 dunams (0.5 km2 or 0.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2007)
 • Total268
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Name meaning"the ruin of the monastery of the man of Rai"[1]

Deir Razih (Arabic: دير رازح‎) is a Palestinian village in the southern West Bank located 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) southwest of Hebron, in the Hebron Governorate. It relies mainly on nearby Dura for basic services. Its total land area is made of 540 dunams, including its built-up area.[2]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

French explorer Victor Guérin visited the place in 1863, during the late Ottoman era. He described it as a ruin, with one structure larger than the rest above an underground magazine.[3]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found "walls, cisterns and caves. Rock-cut tombs to the east" of the village.[4]

British Mandate era[edit]

At the time of the 1931 census of Palestine the population of Kh. Dair Razih was counted under Dura.[5]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kh. Dair Razih came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 130 inhabitants in Deir Razih.[6]

Post 1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Deir Razih has been under Israeli occupation.

In the summer of 2007, a group of Israeli settlers from Otniel accompanied by soldiers and a bulldozers entered village lands and uprooted 150 olive, almond and pine trees. Having done this they, also, set fire to the land causing damage to crops and pastures. Fire brigades from the Palestinian municipalities of Dura and as-Samu' extinguish the fires soon after.[2]

In the 1997 census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the village had a total population of 236, of which 11.9% were Palestinian refugees.[7] By mid-year 2006, there were 328 inhabitants.[8] However, the PCBS census of 2007 revealed that the population was 268.[9] Deir Razih is inhabited by the extended families of Amru, Abu Arqub, Hija, and the al-Azazmeh Bedouins. Most residents depend on agriculture as main income.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From Rey, Iran, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 398
  2. ^ a b c Background to Deir Razih Archived 2009-07-15 at the Wayback Machine Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem. 1 April 2008.
  3. ^ Guérin, 1869, pp. 209-210
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 353
  5. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 32
  6. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 22
  7. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Archived 2008-11-19 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  8. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Hebron Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  9. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]