|• Arabic||دير الحطب|
|• Also spelled||Dayr al-Hatab (official)|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Head of Municipality||Hussein Abd al-Kareem|
|• Jurisdiction||5,540 dunams (5.5 km2 or 2.1 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The convent of Timber|
Deir al-Hatab (Arabic: دير الحطب) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in the northern West Bank, located east of Nablus, near the neighbopuring villages of Salem and Azmout. The village land extends over 12,000 dunams, of which 330 are built-up. Prior to 1993, it was less than 200 dunams. The entire village is located in "Area B" which gives the Palestinian National Authority control over civil affairs, while Israel is responsible for security.
When Victor Guérin visited in 1870, he found that Deir al-Hatab had at most 100 inhabitants. He further noted that the many dilapidated houses showed that the village had formerly been more important. The ancient cisterns dug into the rock were dry, so the women fetched water at A'ïn Salem. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a "small village, with olives and a well to the south, standing on a hill slope."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Deir al-Hatab had a population of 234, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 277, still all Muslim, in total of 51 houses.
In 1945 Deir el Hatab had a population of 370, all Arabs, with 11,532 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 4 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 679 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 5,172 used for cereals, while 63 dunams were built-up land.
According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Deir al-Hatab had a population of over 2,213 inhabitants in 2007. Around 33% of households in the village have 1-5 members, 51% have 6-10 members and 17% have over 10 members. About 10% of the population over ten years of age is illiterate, women making up 78% of this statistic. In addition, 43% of the student population are females.
Agriculture forms 24% of Deir al-Hatab's economy while small business, work in the government and construction form the remainder. Over half of the population is of working age (15-64) and women made-up half of the labor force in 1999. Deir al-Hatab's village council claims unemployment has dramatically increased from 30% in 1999 to 90% in 2001. Because Elon Moreh and its outposts overlooks and is in proximity to half of the land, Palestinian farmers have in the last decade been allowed only a few days each year to tend their fields, after coordinating with the Israeli occupation army.
From 2002 to 2007 the IDF banned the villagers from working their land, and settlers began to plant new olive trees and grapevines on private lots. A 'disruptive use' injunction was issued in January 2007 by Major General Yair Naveh, allowing Palestinian authorities to remove settlers who had engaged in illegal cultivation of local lands in the preceding 3 years. The ordinance has not deterred settler appropriation of Deir al-Hatab's land, according to Amira Hass, and injunctions are often not implemented.
In 2007, Israeli settlers from Elon Moreh put a plastic swimming pool by the spring which supplies Deir al-Hatab with 40% of its drinking water. They diverted the water from the spring to their pool. The contaminated waste water from this swimming pool was then reentered into the drinking water of Deir al-Hatab.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 199
- Amira Hass, 'Continuous invasions by settlers spoil the joy of Palestinians’ olive harvest,' Haaretz, 26 October 2014.
- Spatial and Socioeconomic analysis at microlevel: Villages and Hamlets (Class E). Local Government Ministry of the Palestinian National Authority. Chapter 4.
- Deir al Hatab Village Profile, ARIJ
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, pp. 95, 102
- Guérin, 1874, pp. 457-458
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 230
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 24
- Mills, 1932, p. 60
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 105
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 155
- Welcome To Dayr al-Hatab Palestine Remembered.
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
- Elon Moreh Settlers Contaminate Drinking Water in Deir Al Hatab Village 20 September 2007, POICA
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1874). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Welcome To Dayr al-Hatab
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 12: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Deir al HatabVillage Profile, ARIJ
- Deir el Hatab, areal photo, ARIJ