Deir al-Salib

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Deir al-Salib
دير الصليب
Deir al-Sleib
Village
Deir al-Salib is located in Syria
Deir al-Salib
Deir al-Salib
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°05′10″N 36°26′50″E / 35.086133°N 36.447229°E / 35.086133; 36.447229Coordinates: 35°05′10″N 36°26′50″E / 35.086133°N 36.447229°E / 35.086133; 36.447229
Country  Syria
Governorate Hama
District Masyaf
Subdistrict Masyaf
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,946
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Deir al-Salib (Arabic: دير الصليب‎, also spelled Deir al-Sleib or Deir al-Suleib) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, located 37 kilometers west of Hama. Nearby localities include Bil'in to the southeast, al-Rabiaa to the east, Asilah to the northeast, Jubb Ramlah to the north, al-Laqbah and Deir Mama to the northwest, Masyaf to the west, al-Suwaydah to the southwest and Baarin and Aqrab to the south. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Deir al-Salib had a population of 2,946 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Alawites and Greek Orthodox Christians.[2]

History[edit]

In the early 19th-century the Ottoman governor of Damascus, Abdullah Pasha al-Azm, granted the leaseholds of Deir al-Salib and its satellite farms to a close associate of his, Muhammad Gharib Bey al-Azm.[3]

Byzantine church[edit]

Just outside Deir al-Salib is a 5th-6th century Byzantine-era church surrounded by fig trees.[4] It is built in the architectural style typical of the Justinian period in Syria, with its two chapels.[5] Its stone walls have a beige and ochre color. At the right of the entrance is a baptistery which still contains a cross-shaped baptismal. The narthex of the church is preceded by a central atrium and five columns demarcate its aisles. The apse is semi-circular and on the ground floor stands a gallery reserved for women. A small mausoleum containing three sarcophagi is situated at the side of the baptistery. The sarcophagi had engraved medallions that fitted crosses.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Hama Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Smith, 1841, p. 180.
  3. ^ Douwes, 2000, p. 170.
  4. ^ a b Michelin, 2011, p. 216.
  5. ^ Association internationale pour l'étude de la mosaïque antique, Association for the Study and Preservation of Roman Mosaics, Betty Morgan May Memorial Fund (1995). "Fifth International Colloquium on Ancient Mosaics: Held at Bath, England on September 5-12, 1987". Journal of Roman Archaeology. 

Bibliography[edit]