Deiva Magan

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Deiva Magan
Deiva Magan.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byA. C. Tirulokchandar
Produced byPeriyanna
Screenplay byA. C. Tirulokchandar[1]
Based onUlka
by Nihar Ranjan Gupta
StarringSivaji Ganesan
Jayalalithaa
Pandari Bai
Music byM. S. Viswanathan
CinematographyThambu[1]
Edited byB. Kandasamy[1]
Production
company
Shanthi Films
Distributed bySivaji Productions
Release date
  • 5 September 1969 (1969-09-05)
[1]
Running time
188 mins
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

Deiva Magan (transl. Divine Son) is a 1969 Tamil language film directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar. The film was produced by Periyanna under Shanti films. The film was an adaptation of the Bengali novel Ulka by Nihar Ranjan Gupta and its play version. The dialogues for the film was written by Aaroor Dass. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan (in three roles) and Jayalalithaa in lead roles with Pandari Bai, M. N. Nambiar and Chittoor V. Nagaiah in supporting roles.

The plot revolves around a wealthy businessman with a scarred face, gets married to Pandari Bai. The couple lead a happy life and Pandari Bai gives birth to twin brothers, a son with a scarred face (also Ganesan) like his father and a brother (also Ganesan). Their father unable to tolerate his eldest son's face leaves him under the custody of another person and tells his wife that the first child is dead. As years pass by, the father becomes a justice and his younger son, a happy-go-lucky college-going timid son, falls in love with Jayalalithaa. In the meanwhile, the elder son comes to know about his family and tries to meet his mother and brother but he is asked by his father not to reveal his identity to them.

It was the first Tamil film to be submitted by India in contest for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Thambu and D. Kandasamy handled cinematography and editing respectively. The soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and lyrics for all songs was written by Kannadasan.

Deiva Magan was released on September 1969 to positive critical acclaim with the praise directed towards Sivaji's performance. The film was dubbed in Telugu as Koteeswarulu. Its success led to a Kannada remake Thayi Mamathe (1985).

Plot[edit]

Sivaji Ganesan, a business magnate with a scarred face, gets married to Pandari Bai, a beautiful woman. The couple lead a happy life and Pandari Bai gives birth to twin brothers, a son with a scarred face (Also Ganesan) like his father and a brother (Also Ganesan). Their father unable to tolerate his eldest son's face leaves him under the custody of the doctor to be killed and tells his wife that the first child is dead. The doctor does not kill the child but leaves him in an orphanage. As years pass by the elder son grows to be a strong man and a recluse inclined towards playing sitar, while the younger son becomes a happy-go-lucky college-going timid son, falls in love with Jayalalithaa. In the meanwhile, the elder son comes to know about his family and tries to meet his mother and brother but he is asked by his father not to reveal his identity to them. M. N. Nambiar, a man once punished by the father, kidnaps the younger son in order to take revenge on him. In the end, the elder son rescues his brother, killing M. N. Nambiar. He succumbs to his injuries and dies on the lap of his mother.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Deiva Magan was adapted from the Bengali novel Ulka by Nihar Ranjan Gupta and its play version. G. V. Iyer earlier adapted the story into a film called Thayin Karunai (1965) which failed at the box office, Deiva Magan was the second Tamil adaptation of the Gupta's story. Sivaji's friend Periyanna agreed to produce the film.[3]

The film involved the characters of father and his two sons which would be tough to be acted by the same person so the director wanted two young actors to play the characters of two sons. However Sivaji accepted the challenge and acted in the role of both sons, bringing a difference in body language and mannerisms to each role.[4] Sivaji Ganesan portrayed three roles: an insecure father, a timid son and an angst-ridden twin brother for the second time in his career after Bale Pandiya.[5][6][7] The makeup for one of the Sivaji's character with a scarred face was done by R. Rangasamy and his son Jayanth Kumar.[8]

Music[edit]

The soundtrack was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and lyrics were written by Kannadasan. The film had a song "Deivamae Deivamae" sung by T. M. Soundararajan which became very popular.[9]

Deiva Magan
Soundtrack album by
Released1969 (1969)
LanguageTamil

All lyrics written by Kannadasan; all music composed by M. S. Viswanathan.

No.TitleWriter(s)SingersLength
1."Deivame Deivame Nandri Solven"KannadasanT. M. Soundararajan 
2."Kadal Malar Kootam"KannadasanT. M. Soundararajan 
3."Anbulla Nanbare"KannadasanT. M. Soundararajan (Group Corus) 
4."Kaathalikka Katrukollungal"KannadasanT. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela 
5."Koottathileya Yarthan"KannadasanP. Susheela 
6."Kettadhum Koduppavane Krishna"KannadasanT.M. Soundararajan3.56
7."Kangal Pesuthamma"KannadasanSirkazhi Govindarajan 

Reception[edit]

Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan said in its review, "A film with multiple roles of same actor without any confusion which itself a milestone, Makers have tried to build a hall with just one pillar and that was Sivaji Ganesan!".[4] The Indian Express also praised the film, particularly for Ganesan's performance.[10]

The film was the first ever Tamil film to be submitted by India in contest for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[11][12]

Remakes[edit]

The film was dubbed in Telugu as Koteeswaralu. It was also remade in Kannada as Thayi Mamathe (1985).[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Deiva Magan". The Indian Express. 5 September 1969. p. 12.
  2. ^ https://www.kamadenu.in/news/cinema/3393-deivamagan-appave-appadi-kadhai-3.html
  3. ^ http://www.dinamalarnellai.com/web/news/48306/%E0%AE%95%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%88%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%A3%E0%AE%BF-%E0%AE%B5%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%A9%E0%AE%A9%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%A9%E0%AF%8D-%E2%80%98%E0%AE%A8%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%B4%E0%AE%B2%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%B2-%E0%AE%A8%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%9C%E0%AE%AE%E0%AF%8D%E2%80%99-%E2%80%93-125
  4. ^ a b Dhananjayan 2014, p. 213.
  5. ^ "Incredible charisma on screen". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  6. ^ "A doyen among actors". Chennai, India: Hindu.com. 1 October 1928. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  7. ^ "Incredible charisma on screen". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  8. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/entertainment/interviews/article447021.ece?service=print
  9. ^ "Entertainment / Interview : Encomiums to an evergreen talent". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 December 2004. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  10. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=P9oYG7HA76QC&dat=19690913&printsec=frontpage&hl=en
  11. ^ Hardgrave, R. L. (1979). Essays in the political sociology of South India. Usha. p. 120.
  12. ^ "India's Oscar drill". The Indian Express. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  13. ^ https://chiloka.com/movie/thayi-mamathe-1985

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]