D-3 Krasnogvardyeyets on a Soviet stamp
|Type:||diesel/electric-powered attack submarine|
|Length:||76.00 m (249 ft 4 in)|
|Beam:||6.5 m (21 ft)|
|Draught:||3.80 m (12.5 ft)|
|Test depth:||295 ft (90 m)|
|Complement:||53 officers and crew|
Operational-tactical requirements and design concepts were formulated in 1923. In 1925 a Soviet naval mission had obtained blueprints for the Balilla-class submarine from the Italians: concepts from that design were used together with Soviet ideas. The boats were constructed by the Ordzhonikidze Shipyard and the principal designer was Boris Malinin. The first boat in the class was laid down on March 5, 1927; launched on November 3, 1928, and commissioned on November 18, 1930. This first boat, Dekabrist, was later designated D-1 on September 15, 1934.
The class was of a double–hull design with 7 compartments and constructed using riveting. These boats were of Soviet design and had numerous technical shortcomings and construction defects. The most serious problems were their slow diving time and poor stability during diving.
In May 1933, Dekabrist was shifted to the Northern Fleet via the White Sea–Baltic Canal. She remained in service until 1940. She showed high seaworthiness in polar circumstances. The boat was lost with her entire crew in a diving accident on November 13, 1940 in Motovsky Gulf.
|D-1||Dekabrist Декабрист||A member of the Decembrist revolt||Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad||3 November 1928||Lost in accident November 1940 in Motovsky Gulf near Murmansk during training mission.|
|D-2||Narodovolets Народоволец||A member of Narodnaya Volya||Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad||1929||Sank German merchant Jacobus Fritzen. Decommissioned 1958 but from 1956 to 1987 was based in Kronstadt and served as a training ship. Finally, in 1989 on completion of the reconstruction was installed on shore as a memorial museum in St Petersburg.|
|D-3||Krasnogvardyeyets Красногвардеец||Red Guardsman||Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad||12 July 1929||Sunk July 1942 off Norway|
|D-4||Revolutsioner Революционер||Revolutionary||Marti Yard, Nikolayev||1929||Sunk German merchants Boy Federson, Santa Fe and Bulgarian merchant Varna. Sunk by German armed trawlers UJ 102 and UJ 103 off Yevpatoria, Crimea|
|D-5||Spartakovets Спартаковец||Follower of Spartacus||Marti Yard, Nikolayev||1929||Decommissioned 1950s|
|D-6||Yakobinets Якобинец||Jacobin||Marti Yard, Nikolayev||1929||Destroyed by bombing in Sevastopol dockyard, 12 November 1941|
- Conway's All the World's Fighting ships 1922-1946
- Vladimir Yakubov and Richard Worth, Raising the Red Banner -2008 Spellmount ISBN 978-1-86227-450-1
- (in English) Steel Navy
- (in English) Info from Russian Museums
- (in English) Narodovolets D-2, submarine memorial complex, Article, Saint Petersburg Encyclopedia,
- (in Russian) Article on Morflot website
- (in English) Uboat.net Website