Del Valle, Texas

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Del Valle
In 2019, 17-million people flew through Del Valle's ABIA
In 2019, 17-million people flew through
Del Valle's ABIA
Del Valle—COTA—ABIA area
CountryUnited States
Austin purchase1942
 • TypeAustin extraterritorial jurisdiction

 • Total44,000 acres (18,000 ha)
482 ft (147 m)
 • Total17,139
 • Density250/sq mi (96/km2)
 • Traffic
200,000+ vehicles (AADT)[2]
 • Air traffic
17,343,729 passengers
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
ExpresswayTexas 130.svgI-10 (TX).svgI-35 (TX).svg
U.S. RouteUS 183.svg

Del Valle (/ˌdɛl ˈvæli/ del VAL-ee) is an airport-defined edge city of Austin and part of the Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is founded upon the 19th-century Santiago Del Valle leagues, the largest granted land parcel in Travis County.[1]

It is an unincorporated area in southeastern Travis County, Texas, United States. It has no local government of its own and no official boundaries. But Austin has annexed portions, including the site of Austin-Bergstrom International Airport in 1990. After that, most recently in 2013, the city added more Del Valle territory to the east (8 to 13 miles southeast of downtown Austin). Recent industrial developments include those by Tesla, which has received significant tax relief from Del Valle Independent School District, rated at $60 million.[3]

The 2010 census estimated a population of 17,139. Del Valle is located 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Downtown Austin.[4] It is located at (30.21, -97.65) with an elevation of 482 feet.


In 1812, Santiago del Valle settled in the hills of Central Texas in a piece of land given to him by the Spanish Government as a land grant.[5] The community of Del Valle, established in the mid-1870s, was named after the land grant. In 1878 a post office opened. By the mid-1880s Del Valle, with 50 residents, also had three churches, two cotton gins, one general store, one steam gristmill, and one school. The primary crops shipped by farmers in the Del Valle area were cotton and grain. By 1900 Del Valle had 75 residents. About 150 people lived in Del Valle in 1927.

The Great Depression hampered the community, which had 25 residents in the early 1930s. In 1942 the Del Valle Army Air Base opened (later renamed Bergstrom Air Force Base), leading to an increase in the area population. In the mid-1940s Del Valle had 125 residents. In the mid-1950s Del Valle had 200 residents. In 1907 the area common school district had two schools. Throughout much of its history Del Valle was served by the Colorado Common School District Number 36 and the Hornsby-Dunlap Common School District.[4] In April 1963 the school district was renamed Del Valle Independent #910. From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, Del Valle's population estimates hovered around 300.[4] The military base was closed in 1993, to be re-opened as Austin–Bergstrom International Airport in 1999 which brought growth to Del Valle and Southeast Austin.


Tesla factory[edit]

In 2014, Tesla evaluated a 1,500-acre (600 ha; 2 sq mi; 6 km2) manufacturing site on U.S. Route 79 at Frame Switch (), located between the towns of Hutto and Taylor, north-east of the Greater Austin center as its next factory.[6][7]

Tesla subsequently chose to construct Giga Nevada (formerly Gigafactory 1) in Nevada in 2014.

By June 2020, a different location near Austin was being considered. It is a 2,100-acre (850 ha; 3.3 sq mi; 8.5 km2) site () bordering Harold Green Road ( now Tesla Rd) and Texas State Highway 130.[8] On June 16, 2020 the Commissioners' court of Travis County discussed a possible incentives package for Tesla.[9][10] In July 2020, the Del Valle Independent School District approved a tax incentives package worth $68 million, should the Tesla Gigafactory be built.[8]

On July 22, 2020, during a 2Q2020 earnings call, Tesla announced that Del Valle, Austin, Texas had been selected for Gigafactory 5.[11]

By the end of July 2020, construction had begun.[12] The Tesla Gigafactory received state tax incentives worth about $50 million through the Texas Tax Code Chapter 313 program.[13]

The first fully completed Tesla Model Y rolled off the line at Giga Texas in the last week of August 2021 under trial production.[14]

Tesla announced a manufacturing training program in cooperation with Austin Community College District on June 15, 2021.[15][16][17] The program was expected to start in August 2021 and the course was to last 14 weeks.[18]

In December 2021, Elon Musk estimated that Giga Texas will require a total investment of at least $10B and may employ as much as 20,000 employees within the company.[19] Observers have spotted production cars in and outside of the factory.[20]

As of March 2022, Tesla battery manufacturers CATL and Panasonic are scouting sites for battery factories in the US, including Kansas and Oklahoma (which are within close proximity of Giga Texas), Mexico and Canada.[21][22] Each factory on its own may involve a multi-billion dollar investment.


Del Valle is served by the Del Valle Independent School District. Residents are zoned to Del Valle Elementary School, Del Valle Middle School, and Del Valle High School.[23]

The East Travis Gateway Library District operates the Elroy Library and the Garfield Library near Del Valle.[24]

Austin–Bergstrom International Airport[edit]

Austin–Bergstrom International Airport or ABIA (IATA: AUS, ICAO: KAUS, FAA LID: AUS, formerly BSM) is a Class C international airport located in Austin, Texas, United States (the capital of Texas), and serving the Greater Austin metropolitan area, the 34th-largest metropolitan area in the United States. Located about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Downtown Austin, it covers 4,242 acres (1,717 ha) and has two runways and three helipads. It is on the site of what was Bergstrom Air Force Base. The airport and Air Force base were named after Captain John August Earl Bergstrom, an officer who served with the 19th Bombardment Group. The airport replaced Robert Mueller Municipal Airport as Austin's main airport.

Austin–Bergstrom International Airport

Circuit of the Americas[edit]

Circuit of the Americas (COTA) is a unidirectional, grade 1 FIA specification 3.427-mile (5.515 km) motor racing facility located in Elroy, on the southeastern periphery of Del Valle limits, in Central Texas. COTA plays host to the Formula One United States Grand Prix. The circuit also hosts the Grand Prix of the Americas, a round of the Road Racing World Championship, commonly known as MotoGP and NASCAR's Texas Grand Prix. It previously hosted the Australian V8 Supercars series, the FIA World Endurance Championship, the American Le Mans Series, and the Rolex Sports Car Series in 2013 as well as the IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar Championship.

Circuit of the Americas

Austin360 Amphitheater[edit]

The Austin360 Amphitheater, winner of Pollstar’s “Best New Major Concert Venue” award for 2013,[25] is an open-air amphitheater situated within Circuit of The Americas’ 1,500-acre sports and entertainment complex and has room for up to 14,000 guests.

Austin360 Amphitheater

Parks and recreation[edit]

  • Southeast Metropolitan Park
  • Barkley Meadows Park
  • Richard Moya Park

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Bramlette, H.M. "Travis Co.; Austin, Tex. : General Land Office, 1914". Library. Library of Congress. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Transportation Planning Maps". Planning/Programming. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  3. ^ Carlson, Kara. "Elon Musk moves private foundation to Austin: Bloomberg report". Austin American-Statesman/Bloomberg. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Del Valle, TX." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on May 10, 2011.
  5. ^ "A History of Del Valle Archived 2014-01-06 at the Wayback Machine." Del Valle Independent School District. Retrieved on May 10, 2011.
  6. ^ Eichmiller, J.P. (2014-09-03). "Hutto falls short in bid for Tesla battery factory". Community Impact. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-17. Hutto EDC, with the assistance of the city of Taylor, Hutto ISD, Williamson County and the state of Texas, put together an incentive package worth more than $800 million over 20 years. … cities of Hutto and Taylor had secured more than 1,000 acres of land south of the intersection of Hwy. 79 and FM 3349 to build the factory with rail access nearby. It was believed the factory would have brought approximately 6,500 jobs to the area.
  7. ^ "Hutto MegaSite". Austin Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 24, 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-17. +/- 1,486 acres … Industrial or Corporate headquarters … Access to BNSF and Union Pacific Class 1 railroads
  8. ^ a b Falcon, Russell (2020-07-09). "Del Valle ISD approves land usage for Tesla 'Gigafactory' to be built". KXAN-TV. Archived from the original on July 10, 2020. Retrieved 2020-07-10. Del Valle Independent School District approved an incentive agreement with Tesla, … build a 4-5 million square-foot electric vehicle … Gigafactory at the intersection of State Highway 130 and Harold Green Road … 2,100 acres, … $68 million — by capping the property value for 10 years. … 5,000 jobs
  9. ^ Klayman, Ben; Brooks, Brad (2020-06-15). Adler, Leslie (ed.). "Tesla negotiating incentives for possible Texas vehicle assembly plant: report". Business. Reuters. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on June 15, 2020. Retrieved 2020-06-15. negotiating possible incentives … Austin American-Statesman reported on … Travis County Commissioners Court is scheduled to discuss terms of the deal on
  10. ^ Hawkins, Lori; Novak, Shonda (2020-06-15). "Travis County considering Tesla incentives deal". Austin American-Statesman. Austin. Archived from the original on 2020-06-15. Retrieved 2020-06-16. Item 21 on Travis Commissioners Court agenda calls for the members to “Consider and take appropriate action on a project under Travis County Code Chapter 28." … Chapter 28 of the Travis County Code contains guidelines for economic development incentives. … United Auto Workers, … believes "that item 21 on the agenda is related to Tesla," … "…moratorium on economic incentives. In May, the commissioners lifted the moratorium for two months…" … will be talked about in "executive session," … UAW … sent a letter
  11. ^ The Tesla Cybertruck will be built in Texas and is getting an interplanetary update Archived April 15, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, 23 July 2020, Fox News
  12. ^ Lambert, Fred (2020-07-25). "Watch Tesla start construction work at Gigafactory Texas in drone video". Electrek. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  13. ^ Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts (June 6, 2020). "DEL VALLE ISD NO. 1496, COLORADO RIVER PROJECT, LLC Certification Packet". Archived from the original on January 25, 2021.
  14. ^ "Report: First Pre-Production Tesla Model Y Seen At Giga Austin". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on October 10, 2021. Retrieved 2021-10-10.
  15. ^ ACC District 🦇 [@accdistrict] (June 15, 2021). "This. Is. Big! Austin Community College District and @Tesla team up to announce Tesla START Manufacturing at ACC. 👏👏👏 The new 14-week training program provides the skills you need for a high demand career at Tesla. 🚘 Learn more > #Tesla" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021 – via Twitter.
  16. ^ "Tesla launches manufacturing training program in partnership with Austin Community College". June 15, 2021. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  17. ^ "Tesla START | Tesla". Tesla. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  18. ^ Pruitt, Sydney (June 15, 2021). "Tesla Launches National Manufacturing Technician Program with Austin Community College District | Austin Community College District". Austin Community College. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  19. ^ Twitter Retrieved 2022-03-21. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ John, Darryn (2022-03-19). "First fully-built white Tesla Model Y spotted outside Giga Texas". Drive Tesla. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  21. ^ Coppola, Gabrielle (March 18, 2022). "Tesla Supplier CATL Weighs Sites for $5 Billion Battery Plant". Bloomberg News. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  22. ^ Lambert, Fred (2022-03-04). "Panasonic is planning a large battery cell factory in the US to supply Tesla's demand, report says". Electrek. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  23. ^ "Del Valle ISD - TX - DVISD Home". Archived from the original on 2008-10-04.
  24. ^ Home page. East Travis Gateway Library District. Retrieved on August 24, 2016. "Elroy Library 13512 FM 812 Del Valle, Texas 78617" and "Garfield Library 5121 Albert Brown Dr. Del Valle, Texas 78617"
  25. ^ "Austin360 Amphitheater | Amphitheater". Archived from the original on 2016-08-28. Retrieved 2016-08-25.

External links[edit]