Delahaye 235

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Delahaye 235[1]
Delahaye 235.jpg
Chapron "factory"-bodied 235
Overview
Manufacturer Delahaye
Designer Philippe Charbonneaux
Body and chassis
Class Luxury car
Layout FR layout
Related Delahaye 175
Powertrain
Engine 3,557 cc straight-6, 152 hp
Transmission 4-speed pre-selector (Cotal)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 295 cm (116 in)
Length 455 cm (179 in)
Width 173 cm (68 in)
Curb weight bare chassis: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb)
with body: ~1,500 kg (3,300 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Delahaye 135M

Delahaye 235 is a luxury car built by French manufacturer Delahaye from 1951 until 1954.

Presented at the 1951 Paris Auto Salon, the 235 was an attempt at updating the pre-war Type 135 for the 1950s.[2] It competed with the Grégoire and Anjou models, built by Hotchkiss, another French luxury marque. Delahaye needed a boost, as combined production of the Types 135 and 175 (and long wheelbase 178/180) had dropped to an abysmal 77 by 1951.[3] Most noticeable was the new modern ponton-style bodywork, with the full width front designed by chief designer Philippe Charbonneaux. The mechanics were credited to Fernand Lacour.[1] The prototypes body was manufactured by Motto in Italy, and a total of 84 Types 235 were built. The 235 was originally sold only in chassis form and received bodywork from various coachbuilders, mainly Henri Chapron, but also from Figoni, Saoutchik, Antem, and others. The company's own business premises at the rue de Banquier in Paris were never tooled up to build car bodies for the 235,[4] but in 1953, as a response to sluggish sales, a standardised "factory" bodywork ("un coach d'usine") from Chapron became available, at 2,700,000 Francs a saving of nearly thirty percent on the bespoke coach-built versions.[3]

The engine was the well known 3.6 liter inline six from the 135MS, here with three downdraught Solex carburettors and 152 hp (113 kW) at 4,200 rpm. The 235 effectively replaced the larger Type 175 in the marketplace, while the lesser 135M continued to be available until 1954. Top speed was around 170 km/h (106 mph). The brakes received a lot of criticism, as did fuel consumption; both issues arose largely due to the very heavy bodywork produced by the French coachbuilders who weren't as technologically advanced as their transalpine cousins.[3]

The 235 appeared too late to have much effect on Delahaye's fortunes, still relying on 1930s technology in spite of its stylish and modern appearance. Not only was the 235 extremely expensive, a Chapron-bodied 235 going for 3,800,000 Francs,[4] five times the price of a Citroën 15CV 'Big Six' and twice that of the much faster Jaguar XK120 in 1952,[3] but the weak economy and steep taxation on large engined cars in post-war France also conspired to finish this fine old manufacturer. After the Delahaye VLR "Jeep" was passed over by the French army in favour of license built Hotchkiss Jeeps, Hotchkiss took over Delahaye in June 1954 and production of Delahaye cars ended shortly thereafter.[5] 235s last appeared at the Paris Salon in 1954, to sell off the remaining stock, and another grande marque met its end.[3]

Saoutchik-bodied Delahaye 235 Cabriolet
front view
rear view

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rousseau, Jacques; Caron, Jean-Paul (1988). "135". Guide de l'Automobile Française. Paris: Solar. ISBN 2-263-01105-6. 
  2. ^ Le Roux, André. "Delahaye 180" (in French). Carcatalog. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Phedor (2007-07-02). "Le cimetière des autos oubliées: Delahaye 235, la dernière héritière..." [Cemetery of Forgotten Cars: Delahaye 235, the Last Heiress...] (in French). Club Doctissimo. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  4. ^ a b "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1953 (salon Paris oct 1952). Paris: Histoire & collections. Nr. 19: Page 25. 2000. 
  5. ^ "Lost Marques: Delahaye". Unique Cars and Parts. Retrieved 2010-10-19.