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Delaware Route 71

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Delaware Route 71 marker

Delaware Route 71
Route information
Maintained by DelDOT and USACE
Length 21.99 mi[2] (35.39 km)
Existed 1938[1] – present
Tourist
routes
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Major junctions
South end US 13 south of Townsend
  DE 299 in Middletown
US 301 in Middletown
DE 896 in Mount Pleasant
DE 15 in Summit Bridge
US 301 / DE 896 north of Summit Bridge
DE 72 near Red Lion
DE 7 in Red Lion
North end US 13 / DE 1 in Tybouts Corner
Location
Counties New Castle
Highway system
DE 62 DE 72

Delaware Route 71 (DE 71) is a state highway in New Castle County, Delaware. The route loops off U.S. Route 13 (US 13) from south of Townsend to Tybouts Corner, traveling to the west of US 13 by way of Townsend, Middletown, and the Summit Bridge. The route overlaps US 301 from the north end of Middletown to just north of the Summit Bridge, and also with DE 896 from Mount Pleasant to just north of the Summit Bridge, where US 301 and DE 896 continue north together to Glasgow.

DE 71 was built as a state highway during the 1920s and 1930s. By 1938, the route was designated to run from US 13 south of Townsend to US 13 in Tybouts Corner roughly along its present-day alignment. In the 1950s, DE 71 was rerouted to head to the Maryland border southwest of Middletown to connect to Maryland Route 71 (MD 71), with the former route south of Middletown becoming an extended DE 896. Between the 1950s and 1980s, DE 71 was signed with various alignments of US 301 and US 301S. In the 1980s, DE 71 was truncated to DE 896 in Summit Bridge before being extended back along its 1930s alignment to US 13 by the 1990s.

Route description[edit]

DE 71 heads to the northwest from US 13 on two-lane undivided Summit Bridge Road, passing through wooded areas with some homes. The road passes to the east of Townsend and interesects Pine Tree Road/Main Street in an area of businesses. Past Townsend, the route continues northwest into farmland, crossing the Appoquinimink River and making a turn to the north.[3][4] DE 71 enters residential areas as it heads into the town of Middletown, where it becomes Broad Street. The road heads north through the town and intersects DE 299 (Main Street) in the downtown area.[3][4] From this point, the route passes more homes before running near businesses. DE 71 crosses the Delmarva Central Railroad's Delmarva Subdivision at-grade and intersects US 301 immediately after.[3][4]

DE 71 northbound past DE 299 in Middletown

DE 71 heads north concurrent with US 301 on Summit Bridge Road, leaving Middletown. The road runs a short distance to the west of the Delmarva Central Railroad line as it continues through farmland with some scattered residential and commercial development. In Mount Pleasant, DE 896 joins US 301/DE 71 from the east and the road widens from a two-lane undivided road to a four-lane, divided highway. The road heads between the Summit Airport to the west and housing developments to the east. US 301/DE 71/DE 896 heads to the northwest through farm fields before turning to the west and passing a residential subdivision to the south.[3][4] In the unincorporated community of Summit Bridge, the road intersects the northern terminus of DE 15.[3] Past this intersection, US 301/DE 71/DE 896 turns north and crosses over the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal and the Michael N. Castle Trail on the north bank of the canal on the Summit Bridge.[3][4]

Past the Summit Bridge, the road runs through woods and passes under Chesapeake City Road near the Delaware Veterans Memorial Cemetery. DE 71 splits from US 301/DE 896 by heading to the southeast on two-lane undivided Red Lion Road. The road passes a mix of woods and homes as it becomes the southern boundary of Lums Pond State Park and turns east. The route turns northeast and continues into a mix of farmland and homes. DE 71 passes through the community of Kirkwood and crosses the Delmarva Central Railroad again, continuing past suburban residential development and crossing DE 72. The route continues northeast, crossing Norfolk Southern's Reybold Running Track. From here, the road runs to the community of Red Lion, where it crosses DE 7. The final stretch of DE 71 heads northeast toward its northern terminus at US 13 in Tybouts Corner. This intersection is within an interchange between US 13 and DE 1, where DE 1 merges off US 13. Direct access is provided from southbound DE 1 to DE 71 just before the intersection with US 13.[3][4]

The portion of the route between Main Street in Townsend and Noxontown Road south of Middletown is part of the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway, a Delaware Byway.[5] DE 71 has an annual average daily traffic count ranging from a high of 29,685 vehicles at the north end of the DE 896 concurrency to a low of 4,533 vehicles at the DE 7 intersection.[2] The portion of DE 71 concurrent with US 301 is part of the National Highway System.[6]

History[edit]

What is now DE 71 originally existed as a county road by 1920, with the portion south of Townsend proposed as a state highway at this time.[7] By 1924, the entire length of the present route was paved, with the portion from the Summit Bridge to Kirkwood proposed as a state highway and the portion from Kirkwood to Tybouts Corner improved to a state highway.[8] A year later, the state highway had been completed south of Townsend and between Mt. Pleasant and Kirkwood.[9] In 1930, the state highway between Middletown and Mt. Pleasant was finished.[10] By 1931, the remainder became a state highway.[11] When Delaware started numbering state highways by 1936, this road remained unnumbered.[12] By 1938, DE 71 was designated to run from US 13 south of Townsend north to US 13 in Tybouts Corner, following roughly the same alignment it does today.[1]

By 1957, DE 71 was rerouted to follow DE 299 southwest from Middletown before splitting from that route and reaching the Maryland border, where it connected to MD 71. Also, DE 896 was extended south from Summit Bridge to follow DE 71 to Middletown and then continue along the former DE 71 through Townsend to US 13.[13] By 1959, US 301 was designated along DE 71/DE 299 between the Maryland border and Middletown and US 301S was designated along DE 71 from Middletown to Tybouts Corner.[14] The route was realigned to a new Summit Bridge a short distance to the west in 1960, following new roads that led to the bridge. As a result of this, US 301S/DE 71 was designated onto a former piece of DE 896 between the new alignment and Red Lion Road to the east, with the rest of the former alignment becoming a dead end road south to the canal and the former alignment south of the canal becoming a local road serving the community of Summit.[14][15]

In 1971, US 301 was shifted to follow what had been US 301S between Middletown and Summit Bridge, with US 301S remaining along DE 71 between Summit Bridge and Tybouts Corner.[16][17] By 1984, DE 896 was rerouted to run from Mount Pleasant to Boyds Corner, with the route being removed from DE 71 from Mt. Pleasant to Middletown and the segment from Middletown to south of Townsend, which was the original routing of DE 71, becoming unnumbered.[18] A year later, US 301 was rerouted onto the newly aligned DE 896 and US 13 between Mt. Pleasant and Tybouts Corner and removed from DE 71/DE 896 from Summit Bridge to Mt. Pleasant.[19][20] DE 71 was truncated to Summit Bridge by 1987.[21] By 1990, DE 71 was extended back south along its original alignment to again end at US 13 south of Townsend.[22] US 301 was realigned to follow the route between Mt. Pleasant and Summit Bridge in 1992.[23][24]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in New Castle County.

Location mi[2] km Destinations Notes
Townsend 0.00 0.00 US 13 (Dupont Parkway) Southern terminus
Middletown 5.73 9.22 DE 299 (Main Street)
US 301 south (Peterson Road) – Bay Bridge, Annapolis South end of US 301 concurrency
Mount Pleasant 10.04 16.16 DE 896 south (Boyds Corner Road) to US 13 / DE 1 – Dover, Beaches South end of DE 896 concurrency
Summit Bridge 12.19 19.62 DE 15 south (Bethel Church Road) – Chesapeake City
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Summit Bridge
Summit Bridge 14.14 22.76 US 301 north / DE 896 north (Summit Bridge Road) – Newark North end of US 301/DE 896 concurrency
Williamsburg 18.84 30.32 DE 72 (Wrangle Hill Road) – Wilmington, New Castle
Red Lion 20.75 33.39 DE 7 (Bear Corbitt Road)
Tybouts Corner 21.99 35.39 US 13 (South Dupont Highway) / DE 1 Ramp from southbound DE 1; DE 1 exit 156A; northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Delaware State Highway Department; The National Survey Co. (1938). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Staff (2016). "Traffic Count and Mileage Report: Interstate, Delaware, and US Routes" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Delaware Department of Transportation (2012). Delaware Transportation & Tourism Map (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Google (February 6, 2011). "overview of Delaware Route 71" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway". Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  6. ^ National Highway System: Delaware (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  7. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1920). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  8. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1924). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  9. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1925). Official Road Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Annual Report of the State Highway Department" (PDF) (1930 ed.). Dover, Delaware: Delaware State Highway Department. December 31, 1930: 19. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1931). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  12. ^ Delaware State Highway Department; The National Survey Co. (1936). Official Road Map of the State of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1936–1937 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  13. ^ Delaware State Highway Department (1957). Official Highway Map of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1957–1958 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Delaware State Highway Department (1959). Official Highway Map of Delaware (PDF) (Map) (1959–1960 ed.). Dover: Delaware State Highway Department. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to intermittently close the Chesapeake City Bridge during testing" (PDF). United States Army Corps of Engineers. September 22, 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 24, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation (1971). Delaware Highways Official Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  17. ^ U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee (December 3, 1971). Written at Miami Beach, FL. "U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee Agenda" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway Officials. p. 415. Retrieved October 11, 2014 – via Wikimedia Commons. 
  18. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1984). Official State Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  19. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1985). Official State Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  20. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (June 20, 1983). Written at Fairfield Bay, AR. "Route Numbering Committee Agenda" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. p. 535. Retrieved October 11, 2014 – via Wikimedia Commons. 
  21. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1987). Official State Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  22. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation (1990). Official State Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  23. ^ Delaware Department of Transportation Division of Planning Cartographic Information Section (1994). Delaware Official State Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 24, 2015. 
  24. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (October 3, 1992). Written at Rapid City, SD. "Report of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering to the Executive Committee" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved October 11, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata