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Unincorporated hamlet in Norfolk County
|Established||1826 as Sovereen's Corners|
|Amalgamated into Delhi Township||1974 (Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk)|
|Amalgamated into Norfolk County||2001 (Single-tier municipality)|
|• Mayor||Kristal Chopp|
|• Governing Body||The Council of The Corporation of Norfolk County|
|• MPs||Diane Finley (Con)|
|• MPPs||Toby Barrett (PC)|
|• Land||2.97 km2 (1.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||210 m (690 ft)|
|• Density||1,405.4/km2 (3,640/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Forward sortation area|
|Area code(s)||(519), (226)|
Delhi (//; DEL-hy) refers to both a former township and unincorporated community located off of the junction of Ontario Highways 59 and 3. Delhi is known as the "Heart of Tobacco Country." Prior to 1880, this community was known for its lumber industry. One of the Communities in Norfolk County, Ontario, Delhi had a population of 4,240 at the time of the 2016 Census.
Founded by Frederick Sovereen (spelled Sovereign by a few sources) the settlement was called Sovereen's Corners or Sovereign's Corners and was located in Middleton Township. Later, the community was renamed Fredericksburg and in 1856, to its present-day name of Delhi. The name is usually attributed locally to a postmaster honouring the major city of Delhi, India, at the time under the control of the British Empire.
Frederick Sovereen (or Sovereign) settled here in about 1812. According to some genealogy records, his father, originally from Germany, was called Frederick Zavering, Zafrin or Safrein. The records suggest that the family initially emigrated to New Jersey but moved to Norfolk County in Upper Canada because of the Revolutionary War in the U.S. Joseph Lawson bought land at about the same time as Frederick Sovereen (or Sovereign) Jr. but did not actually build a home in the area for some time. The village was named Fredericksburg after Sovereign until the post office opened under the name of Delhi. Sovereign was a tavern keeper for more than 30 years. He also manufactured plug tobacco, growing his own leaves, curing them, and pressing them. He donated the land for the Baptist church and served as the deacon for "many, many years".
The population in 1869 was 300 and the village had some manufacturing as well as a lumber mill thanks to the abundant water power. The post office was receiving mail daily. The railway that arrived in the 1870s was a definite benefit to locals who opened business such as the Delhi Canning Company, established in 1878; the company shipped canned local produce across Canada.
The village initially had a log schoolhouse but a new school was built in 1892. By around 1900, the village had an opera house, two tanneries, a railroad station, an Orange Hall and a Mechanics’ Institute as well as a flour mill, the Quance Mills or Sovereen-Quance Mills. At the time, the primary crops in the area were still fruit and vegetables.
Delhi Cemetery was first established sometime in the 19th century. While it was originally a cemetery exclusively for residents who were members of the Roman Catholic Church, changes in cemetery policy made it possible to have anyone buried on their property. At least 2620 individuals have been buried there. The last names of the graves belong to different ethnic groups ranging from English, French Canadian, Eastern European, and those of Belgian descent. There are even few Chinese families buried within the cemetery and a large number of tombstones are written in languages other than English.
Back in the 1960s, Delhi had its own police station complete with its own jail. Until the 1970s, most non-essential services and businesses closed earlier on Wednesday afternoons. Other economic factors, including the abolition of Canada's blue laws in 1985, eventually forced most businesses to operate seven days a week.
In 1974, the Town of Delhi was amalgamated with the Township of Charlotteville and the Township of Windham to form the Township of Delhi as part of the municipal restructuring that created the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk. The Township's administrative centre was located in the community of Delhi. In 2001, Haldimand-Norfolk was dissolved into two separate single-tier counties. Delhi became part of the newly formed County of Norfolk.
Delhi experienced a state of economic stagnation with the early-2000s decline in the tobacco industry; this problem has also affected the rest of the Ontario tobacco belt including the nearby community of Tillsonburg.
While Quance Dam received an all-time high in water levels during the unusually warm winter of 2009, recent droughts and the erosion of the older portion of the dam is putting the future of this local public works facility into jeopardy. Partly inactive since the 1930s, it was sold to the Quance family in 1987. The newest part of Quance Dam was completed in 1995 once plans to convert it into a hydroelectric plant fell through. More than 1000 fish pass through Quance Dam on an annual basis; a great decrease since 1959 when more than 4000 fish would pass through. The reason for the collapse in fish population was sedimentation, the introduction of stocked fish and human development.
Old Delhi train station
The St. Thomas and Eastern Railway started operations in the area on November 9, 1998. It is a shortline railroad that serves places like St. Thomas and Tillsonburg that lack the feasibility for service by a Class I rail carrier like Canadian National or Canadian Pacific. The primary customer for the St. Thomas and Eastern Railway in Delhi is Growmark, Inc. (formerly the Norfolk Co-Op).
A railway station for passengers was located on the corner of William and Main streets ( Major products like ethanol, rye, agricultural chemicals and fertilizer products are sent back and forth between Delhi and St. Thomas.) prior to the 1970s. While the railways were originally thought to be the way to ship cargo in and out of Delhi, the faster and cheaper truck convoys eventually won the day, bringing an increase of traffic volumes and smog into the community.
There are hills on several of the town roads; particularly on Old Mill Road, William Street, Western Avenue, and Talbot Road. Most of Delhi is situated on flat land. Modes of transportation that are possible in Delhi include cycling, running, walking and hiking. The streets that are in older neighborhoods tend not to have sidewalks; making urban trail walking a perilous adventure. Shops in addition to a war memorial and the park at Quance Dam are considered to within a reasonable walking distance from the houses and apartments. The overall difficulty of walking through Delhi is considered to be easy.
A bus service makes scheduled trips to the major communities of Simcoe, Delhi, Port Dover, Port Rowan, and Waterford. Service is from Monday to Friday; with no services on Saturdays, Sundays, on major statutory holidays, or after 6:00 P.M.
There is a valley that spans a distance of 5 kilometres or 3.1 miles between Delhi and Lynedoch that contains remnants of Ontario's original old-growth Carolinian forest, adding up to just over 1 square mile (2.6 km2). The major highway route connecting this community to Port Talbot was constructed primarily on an old Aboriginal trail. Delhi remained isolated from the rest of Southwestern Ontario until 1816 when Colonel Thomas Talbot directed the surveyor to build the Talbot Trail on higher elevation land to avoid swampy marshland. This decision led to the irregular and winding route to Aylmer that Ontario Highway 3 is today. Most of Delhi was basically a dense forest until the first generation European settlers came in to build farms and mills during the 1820s. Swamps can be seen within the lower elevation portions of the region while Big Otter Creek is located within close proximity to the downtown core.
Delhi has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Winters are cold with a January average of −7.8 °C (18.0 °F) in January and most days have maximum temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F). Though winters are cold, mild stretches of weather can bring temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) in January. The average annual snowfall is 133 centimetres (52 in), with maximum accumulations of it occurring in February when the snow depth is 10 centimetres (4 in). Summers are warm and humid with a July high of 27 °C (81 °F) and a July low of 15 °C (59 °F). Temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) occur 10 days per year. The average annual precipitation is 1,010 millimetres (40 in), which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year. Delhi averages 2021 hours of bright sunshine per year or 43% of daylight hours, ranging from a low of 21.2% in December to 62.2% in July.
|Climate data for Delhi (1971-2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.3
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−5.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−9.4
|Record low °C (°F)||−33.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||70.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||36.8
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||33.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||14.4||12.4||12.6||13.0||11.9||10.4||10.5||9.4||11.3||11.6||13.8||14.6||146.0|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||4.6||4.2||8.4||11.9||11.9||10.4||10.5||9.4||11.3||11.6||11.6||7.5||113.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||10.5||9.0||5.2||1.4||0.04||0||0||0||0||0.12||2.4||8.3||37.0|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||84.0||98.6||132.3||189.3||242.5||272.1||289.1||251.1||179.1||139.2||84.3||59.6||2,021.1|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Education and employment
The local high school, Delhi District Secondary School has faced the threat of closure in the past, but the local school board has committed to keeping the school open for the indefinite future. Delhi's high school offers courses in science, physical education, math, French, family studies, English, and co-operative education (for the transition from academic life to employment). The local secular elementary school is Delhi Public School. Saint Frances Cabrini Catholic School is also located in Delhi and is part of the Brant Haldimand Norfolk Catholic District School Board's elementary division.
Farming remains the predominant local industry, with tobacco and ginseng as the main cash crops. While Delhi used to be a place where transient adolescent workers could find employment quickly, the local police force started to take a less tolerant stand towards these job seekers in the later years. Local farms rely in part upon Caribbean and Central American workers, who usually arrive around mid-to late April and return to their homelands around early-to-mid November. Recent years have seen migrant workers complaining of unequal treatment and economic hardships in the hands of local farmers. Proper Spanish-language services for these offshore workers are only available in Simcoe; where these businesses tend to prosper during the farming months and be vacant buildings during the winter.
Three manufacturing plants once were located here; Delhi Industries, Delhi Foundry, and Delhi Metal Products. They both closed due to the changing Canadian economy that emphasized more on service jobs than jobs in traditional manufacturing fields. Delhi Industries lasted until the midst of the Canadian economic recession when it closed down on March 2010; terminating 61 jobs on a permanent basis. They once made fans and blowers for industrial operations in the region. Lake Erie Warehousing is currently located in the former Delhi Industries building; it provides industrial customers in Southern Ontario with logistics, trucking and storage services. 2600 people in Norfolk County have officially joined the workforce between June 2012 and June 2013. Local businesses have been slowly expanding again. Innovative ways to operate business ventures have indirectly improved the lives of workers who live in Delhi. The economy of the Greater Toronto Area along with the rest of the world may become further interconnected with the economy of Delhi.
Delhi has the only Your Independent Grocer franchise in Norfolk County. It is owned by Mr. and Mrs. Matt Wilkinson and is located on the Main Street of Delhi leading into the downtown core. The store itself is a basic one-storey building with three rows of parking and eight aisles for shopping. A drug store is located nearby.
As of 2017, there were eight medical doctors who practice conventional medicine within the town of Delhi. The local health clinic was built in the mid-2000s and continues to expand in order to attract more medical personnel.
Delhi is home to the Delhi Travellers, a junior hockey team that plays in the Southern Ontario Junior Hockey League. They are also the home of various minor soccer, minor baseball, minor soccer, and minor hockey teams. Minor sports are played by young people between the ages of 3 (for the Initiation age group) and 20 (for the Juvenile age group) in this region. These events are played out either at or near the vicinity of the Delhi Community Arena.
The local high school plays against other high schools in the region in sports like football, basketball, volleyball, soccer (association football), tennis, badminton, cross country, track and field, scholastic wrestling, and swimming. Close rivalries have developed over the years; particularly with Simcoe Composite School, Valley Heights Secondary School and Holy Trinity Catholic High School.
North Creek was once the most important spawning point for the local fish species until it was dammed in 1965. Prior to the 1960s, local residents and avid fishermen alike would often stake out ideal fishing spots near the once-fertile tributaries. North Creek is used today as a means to provide a supplemental water supply to the municipally-owned aquifers. The fishing scene within the actual town limits of Delhi has floundered since 1966; forcing today's fishermen to drive to the hinterlands in order to guarantee a catch. Some fishermen have been known to drive to Port Ryerse and Long Point in the search for their next meal or pleasure fishing expeditions.
Until 2001, Delhi was located within the Township of Delhi, a municipal government within the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk. Delhi continues to have several subdivisions located nearby; including Pinegrove, Gilbertville, and Atherton.
The northern end of the Pinegrove subdivision is an elite residential neighborhood with houses averaging around $600,000 while the southern end of the community is a typical working class residential community with houses costing around $200,000. Neil Adcock's development company was responsible for developing the northern end from approximately 2006 to the present day; hydro was fully established sometime in 2012. Atherton is considered to be a farming community while Gilbertville is considered to be a working-class hamlet with some agriculture-related industries nearby.
Prior to the amalgamation of Norfolk County, the population of the former Township of Delhi was 16,365 in the Canada 2001 Census. The majority of the residents at that time were married Anglophones who were born in Canada. Even though Delhi is home to a number of Roman Catholic churches, the majority of residents in Delhi during the early 2000s were Protestant. Community halls exist for those of Belgian, German, Polish and Hungarian background. The population also includes a sizable number of residents with Dutch, Portuguese, Caribbean, Ukrainian, French, British and First Nation ancestry.
In the 2011 census, only the 4172 people who lived with the proper urban boundaries of Delhi are counted as "Delhi residents" for the purposes of categorizing Canadian residents. Just 665 of these Delhi residents are considered to be of school attending age while young school leavers consist of 505 legal Delhi residents. 17% of Delhi's population has never married; as opposed to 47% of Delhi residents being in a marriage-type relationship and almost 10% of Delhi being either divorced, separated or widowed. Delhi's population is expected to grow to approximately 5,215 residents by 2056.
The most common surnames in Delhi are Verhaeghe, Deckers, Masschaele and VandenBussche. All of these last names signify people of Belgian descent. Delhi is considered to be the 119th largest community in Ontario.
- Barry Boughner (1948- ), retired NHL player
- Albert (Schelstraete) Coulier (1918-2011), cyclist and velodrome architect/builder
- Earl Frederick Crabb (1899–1986), World War I flying ace
- John Leslie Hotson (1897–1992), scholar of Elizabethan literary puzzles
- John A. Schweitzer (1952-), artist, art critic, and philanthropist
- Roger VandenBussche (1930-1979), one of the founders of VandenBussche Irrigation
- Ryan VandenBussche (1973-), retired NHL player raised in Delhi
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