Delingha

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Delhi

德令哈市 · ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ · གཏེར་ལེན་ཁ་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
Delingha.jpg
Location of Delingha City (red) within Haixi Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Location of Delingha City (red) within Haixi Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Delhi is located in Qinghai
Delhi
Delhi
Location of the city centre in Qinghai
Coordinates: 37°23′N 97°23′E / 37.383°N 97.383°E / 37.383; 97.383Coordinates: 37°23′N 97°23′E / 37.383°N 97.383°E / 37.383; 97.383
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
PrefectureHaixi
Area
 • Total27,700 km2 (10,700 sq mi)
Elevation
2,982 m (9,783 ft)
Population
(2010)[1]
 • Total78,184
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
817000
Area code(s)0977

Delingha (Chinese: 德令哈; pinyin: Délìnghā; Tibetan: གཏེར་ལེན་ཁ།, Wylie: gter-len-kha, ZYPY: Dêrlênka), or Delhi (SASM/GNC/SRC romanization of Mongolian: Delhi hot ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ), is the seat of the Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in northern Qinghai province, China. It is located approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) southeast of the Da Qaidam Administrative Region. It is a mainly industrial county-level city. The Bayin River divides the city into two parts: Hedong (河东; "River East") and Hexi (河西; "River West"). Because the prefecture seat is located in Hedong, it is slightly more flourishing than Hexi, which is chiefly agricultural.[1]

Established in 1988, Delingha administers 7 township-level divisions covering an area of 27,700 square kilometres (10,700 sq mi) and has a total population of 78,184, making it the smallest of the 5 cities in Qinghai. The name of the city comes from Mongolian and means "golden world" ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨ ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ,[1] reflecting the relatively large Mongol population of the city. Da Qaidam administrative zone merged into Delingha in mid-2018.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Delingha has a cold arid climate (Köppen BWk), that borders on a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk).

Climate data for Delingha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
0.7
(33.3)
6.7
(44.1)
12.9
(55.2)
17.8
(64.0)
20.7
(69.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
18.3
(64.9)
11.5
(52.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.6
(29.1)
11.1
(52.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.6
(42.1)
11.0
(51.8)
14.2
(57.6)
16.5
(61.7)
16.1
(61.0)
11.2
(52.2)
3.9
(39.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
4.0
(39.2)
Average low °C (°F) −16.8
(1.8)
−12.8
(9.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
10.7
(51.3)
10.2
(50.4)
5.2
(41.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−14.9
(5.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.0
(0.16)
2.9
(0.11)
4.6
(0.18)
6.5
(0.26)
21.2
(0.83)
38.4
(1.51)
40.9
(1.61)
31.4
(1.24)
17.6
(0.69)
6.4
(0.25)
1.2
(0.05)
2.4
(0.09)
177.5
(6.98)
Source: [www.weather.com.cn/cityintro/101150716.shtml? Weather China]

Transportation[edit]

The Delingha Airport and Delingha Railway Station serve the city.

Economy and industry[edit]

Delingha will be home to a 400 million yuan "Mars village" used by the Chinese Academy of Sciences to plan future Mars explorations missions.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 德令哈概况 (in Chinese). Xinhua.net. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  2. ^ Chen, Laurie (September 7, 2017). "China's Mars base plan revealed ... and covering 95,000 sq km, there's certainly plenty of space". South China Morning Post. Retrieved September 9, 2017.