- (i) the diagonal morphism is representable, quasi-compact and separated.
- (ii) There is a scheme U and étale surjective map (called an atlas).
A key fact about a Deligne–Mumford stack F is that any X in , where B is quasi-compact, has only finitely many automorphisms. A Deligne–Mumford stack admits a presentation by a groupoid; see groupoid scheme.
Deligne–Mumford stacks are typically constructed by taking the stack quotient of some variety where the stabilizers are finite groups. For example, consider the action of the cyclic group on given by
Then the stack quotient is an affine smooth Deligne–Mumford stack with a non-trivial stabilizer at the origin. If we wish to think about this as a category fibered in groupoids over then given a scheme the over category is given by
Note that we could be slightly more general if we consider the group action on .
Weighted Projective Line
Non-affine examples come up when taking the stack quotient for weighted projective space/varieties. For example, the space is constructed by the stack quotient where the -action is given by
Notice that since this quotient is not from a finite group we have to look for points with stabilizers and their respective stabilizer groups. Then if and only if or and or , respectively, showing that the only stabilizers are finite, hence the stack is Deligne–Mumford.
One simple non-example of a Deligne–Mumford stack is since this has an infinite stabilizer. Stacks of this form are examples of Artin stacks.
- Deligne, Pierre; Mumford, David (1969), "The irreducibility of the space of curves of given genus", Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS, 36 (36): 75–109, doi:10.1007/BF02684599, MR 0262240
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