Deligne cohomology

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In mathematics, Deligne cohomology is the hypercohomology of the Deligne complex of a complex manifold. It was introduced by Pierre Deligne in unpublished work in about 1972 as a cohomology theory for algebraic varieties that includes both ordinary cohomology and intermediate Jacobians.

For introductory accounts of Deligne cohomology see Brylinski (2008, section 1.5), Esnault & Viehweg (1988), and Gomi (2009, section 2).

Definition[edit]

The analytic Deligne complex Z(p)D, an on a complex analytic manifold X is

0\rightarrow \mathbf Z(p)\rightarrow \Omega^0_X\rightarrow \Omega^1_X\rightarrow\cdots\rightarrow \Omega_X^{p-1} \rightarrow 0 \rightarrow \dots

where Z(p) = (2π i)pZ. Depending on the context, \Omega^*_X is either the complex of smooth (i.e., C) differential forms or of holomorphic forms, respectively. The Deligne cohomology H q
D,an
 
(X,Z(p))
is the q-th hypercohomology of the Deligne complex.

Properties[edit]

Deligne cohomology groups H q
D
 
(X,Z(p))
can be described geometrically, especially in low degrees. For p = 0, it agrees with the q-th singular cohomology group (with Z-coefficients), by definition. For q = 2 and p = 1, it is isomorphic to the group of isomorphism classes of smooth (or holomorphic, depending on the context) principal C×-bundles over X. For p = q = 2, it is the group of isomorphism classes of C×-bundles with connection. For q = 3 and p = 2 or 3, descriptions in terms of gerbes are available (Brylinski (2008)). This has been generalized to a description in higher degrees in terms of iterated classifying spaces and connections on them (Gajer (1997)).

Applications[edit]

Deligne cohomology is used to formulate Beilinson conjectures on special values of L-functions.

References[edit]