Dell City, Texas

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Dell City, Texas
Sign indicating the city limits
Sign indicating the city limits
Location of Dell City, Texas
Location of Dell City, Texas
Hudspeth County DellCity.svg
Coordinates: 31°56′7″N 105°12′1″W / 31.93528°N 105.20028°W / 31.93528; -105.20028Coordinates: 31°56′7″N 105°12′1″W / 31.93528°N 105.20028°W / 31.93528; -105.20028
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHudspeth
Area
 • Total1.67 sq mi (4.32 km2)
 • Land1.67 sq mi (4.32 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,701 ft (1,128 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total365
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
526
 • Density315.54/sq mi (121.85/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
79837
Area code915
FIPS code48-19708[3]
GNIS feature ID1355897[4]
Websitewww.dellcity.com

Dell City is a city in Hudspeth County, Texas. The population was 365 at the time of the 2010 census,[5] down from 413 at the time of the 2000 census. It is near the former location of Paulville, a failed Ron Paul-inspired Libertarian cooperative and planned community.

It was incorporated in 1948,[6] shortly after the discovery of an underground water supply by oil prospectors, which attracted farmers to the area. Its name is a reference to the nursery rhyme "The Farmer in the Dell."[7][unreliable source?]

History[edit]

Dell City was established in 1948,[8] as an aquifer had been found in the area. Settlers came from other areas of Texas and New Mexico.[9] It developed into being a farming town. The community had about 500 people in the 1950s.[10]

In 2012, Jeanne Catsoulis of The New York Times described Dell City as "a borderline ghost town".[11] In 2014, there were 336 people, according to the United States Census Bureau, with 50 being the average age. In 2016, Jessica Onsurez wrote that residents in the town, which had a decline in the number of businesses, are divided over whether the town is "dying", in her words, or whether it will rebound. Residents rejected proposals to establish a prison and a manufacturing plant.[10]

Geography[edit]

Dell City is located in northeastern Hudspeth County at 31°56′7″N 105°12′1″W / 31.93528°N 105.20028°W / 31.93528; -105.20028 (31.935324, –105.200298),[12] in West Texas. It is 13 miles (21 km) north of U.S. Routes 62 and 180, and 4 miles (6 km) south of the New Mexico state line. The Guadalupe Mountains are visible to the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.3 km2), all of it land.[5]

It is about 90 miles (140 km) from El Paso, which is west of Dell City.[13] Carlsbad, New Mexico, to the northeast, is 90 miles (140 km) away.[14]

It is about 20 miles (32 km) west of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Texas Highways states that it is about 45 minutes travel time away.[9]

Economy[edit]

As of 2019 the major sectors are farming and ranching.[13] There were multiple farms owned by families and two cotton gins that provided employment. By 2016 the number of farms had declined.[10] By 2019 several alfalfa growing operations were established and several persons from the Mesilla Valley and the area around Hatch, New Mexico began growing chile peppers on leased land around Dell City.[9]

In 1979 there were three grocery stores and four bars.[10] By 1989 there was only one grocery and general store, Dell City Mercantile, which had burned down in a fire that year. There were also three bars, two gas stations, two restaurants, a hardware store, and a video rental business.[14] In 2016 the city had one grocery store, Two T's Grocery, in a former bar. Additionally as of that year there was one restaurant, Spanish Angel Cafe.[10]

As of 1989 no barber shops are in Dell City nor in the rest of Hudspeth County.[14]

By 2019 a business owner began operating an Airbnb from several previously disused buildings.[9]

Healthcare[edit]

In 1989 there was one doctor who had office hours on Wednesdays in Dell City, but otherwise townfolk had to travel to El Paso to get medical appointments. As of 1989 the closest hospital is in El Paso.[14]

Townscape[edit]

There are no traffic lights in town. Several of the buildings are in an adobe style. As it was established in the 20th century, it lacks prior architecture found in other small towns in Texas.[9]

Education[edit]

The area is served by the Dell City Independent School District.[15] The district has just one school covering grades kindergarten through 12. In 1949 a teacher from Sierra Blanca Independent School District was sent to Dell City on request by Dell City residents, and another teacher, Grace Grebing, took over the role in 1950; she became the first superintendent of Dell City ISD.[8]

The district operates Grace Grebing Public Library which also serves as a community library for Dell City.[16] It was named after a longtime teacher.[8]

Hudspeth County is within the official service area of El Paso Community College.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970383
198049529.2%
199056914.9%
2000413−27.4%
2010365−11.6%
2019 (est.)526[2]44.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2020 census[edit]

Dell City racial composition[19]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 84 34.29%
Black or African American (NH) 1 0.41%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 4 1.63%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 7 2.86%
Hispanic or Latino 149 60.82%
Total 245

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 245 people, 83 households, and 30 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 413 people, 155 households, and 119 families resided in the city. The population density was 250.1 people per square mile (96.6/km2). The 226 housing units averaged 136.9 per square mile (52.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.50% White, 1.45% African American, 1.94% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 32.69% from other races, and 2.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latinos of any race were 69.25% of the population.

Of the 155 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were not families. About 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,602, and for a family was $21,667. Males had a median income of $24,135 versus $18,571 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,580. About 26.4% of families and 29.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.1% of those under age 18 and 38.6% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dell City, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
87
(31)
93
(34)
101
(38)
108
(42)
115
(46)
112
(44)
108
(42)
105
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
79
(26)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 60.0
(15.6)
64.8
(18.2)
72.7
(22.6)
80.8
(27.1)
89.4
(31.9)
97.6
(36.4)
97.3
(36.3)
94.9
(34.9)
88.8
(31.6)
80.5
(26.9)
68.4
(20.2)
59.3
(15.2)
79.5
(26.4)
Average low °F (°C) 25.4
(−3.7)
30.0
(−1.1)
35.6
(2.0)
42.9
(6.1)
52.6
(11.4)
60.9
(16.1)
64.8
(18.2)
63.5
(17.5)
56.2
(13.4)
44.4
(6.9)
32.2
(0.1)
25.6
(−3.6)
44.5
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
−9
(−23)
11
(−12)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
44
(7)
53
(12)
50
(10)
34
(1)
21
(−6)
9
(−13)
−5
(−21)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.43
(11)
0.59
(15)
0.28
(7.1)
0.27
(6.9)
0.89
(23)
0.94
(24)
1.48
(38)
1.89
(48)
1.74
(44)
0.99
(25)
0.54
(14)
0.52
(13)
10.55
(268)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[22]

Media[edit]

The Dell Valley Review began publication in Dell City in 1956. It became known as the Hudspeth County Herald in 1964.[23] Its offices are now in Odessa. The publication maintains a mailing address PO Box in Fort Hancock.[24] The full name is Hudspeth County Herald and Dell Valley Review. In 2012 the newspaper had one employee, who served as the editor.[25]

In culture[edit]

The filmmaker Josh Carter, beginning in 2002, assisted the creation of four films created by natives of Dell City, and he spliced them into a single work called Tales from Dell City, Texas, released in 2012. Catsoulis wrote that the film "immortalizes a dusty slice of vanishing Americana, delivering a parched ode to hard work, endurance and desert dreams."[11]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Dell City city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  6. ^ "N". Texas Tech University Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library. Retrieved 2012-09-15.
  7. ^ "Dell City Texas". Texas Escapes. Retrieved 2012-09-15.
  8. ^ a b c "Grace Grebing: A Leader and Her Legacy" (PDF). Dell City Independent School District. February 2021. Retrieved 2021-04-16. - HTML preview
  9. ^ a b c d e Patoski, Joe Nick (2019-10-31). "My Hometown: A New Frontier of the Old West in Dell City". Texas Highways. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  10. ^ a b c d e Onsurez, Jessica (2016-03-05). "Dell City changing as population drops". El Paso Times. Carlsbad Current-Argus. Retrieved 2021-04-17. - Alternate link - Alternate version: "Dell City, Texas: Ghost town in the making? (with Mark R. Lambie)
  11. ^ a b Catsoulis, Jeanne (2012-05-18). "Down and Out in West Texas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ a b Falk, Mallory (2019-01-19). "For Rural School Districts, Filling Key Teaching Positions Can Be A Challenge". KUT 90.5. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  14. ^ a b c d Belkin, Lisa (1989-10-11). "Dell City Journal; After Fire, A Town's Strength Is Tested". The New York Times. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  15. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hudspeth County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  16. ^ "Grace Grebing Public Library". Dell City ISD. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  17. ^ Texas Education Code, Section 130.178, "El Paso County Community College District Service Area".
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  20. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  21. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  22. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  23. ^ "Hudspeth County Area Newspaper Collection". University of North Texas. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  24. ^ "Hudspeth County Herald". Texas Press Association. Retrieved 2021-04-19. Mailing Address: PO Box 128, Fort Hancock, TX 79839 Street Address: 1009 S Crane Ave, Odessa, TX 79763
  25. ^ "About Hudspeth County Herald". Hudspeth County Herald. 2012-08-25. Archived from the original on 2012-08-25. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[20][21]

External links[edit]