Delta2 Canis Minoris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
δ2 Canis Minoris
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Canis Minor constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of δ2 Canis Minoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Canis Minor
Right ascension 07h 33m 11.66576s[1]
Declination +03° 17′ 25.3551″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.589[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type F2 V[3]
U−B color index +0.10[4]
B−V color index +0.31[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +0.8[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –16.16[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 41.81[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 23.95 ± 0.30[1] mas
Distance 136 ± 2 ly
(41.8 ± 0.5 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 3.01[6]
Details
Radius 1.0[7] R
Luminosity 1.0[8] L
Temperature 7053 ± 159[9] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 117.6[10] km/s
Other designations
8 Canis Minoris, HR 2887, HD 60111, BD+03°1715, HIP 36723, SAO 115610, GC 10104.[2]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Delta2 Canis Minoris2 CMi, δ2 Canis Minoris) is a star in the constellation Canis Minor. It is one of three stars that share the Bayer designation Delta Canis Minoris in Johann Bayer's 1603 Uranometria atlas of bright stars. The Flamsteed designation for this star is 8 Canis Minoris, indicating it is the eighth star in the constellation Canis Minoris listed in John Flamsteed's 1712 star catalogue.

As of 2008, no companion has been discovered orbiting δ2 Canis Minoris; it appears to be a solitary star.[8][11] The apparent magnitude of 5.589 means this star is visible to the naked eye, although it is faint and requires a dark sky to view.[12] Based upon parallax measurements, this star is about 136 light years distant from the Earth.[1]

This star is rotating rapidly; the projected rotational velocity is 117.6 km/s,[10] which means that the equator of this star is rotating at this velocity or greater. By comparison, the Sun is a slow rotator with an equatorial azimuthal velocity of 2 km/s.[13] δ2 Canis Minoris has a stellar classification of F2 V,[3] indicating that this is an F-type main-sequence star that is generating energy at its core through thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen. The effective temperature of the photosphere is about 7053 K,[9] giving it the yellow-white hue that is characteristic of F-type stars.[14] The radius of this star can be estimated indirectly based upon the measured brightness and color information, which suggests the star is about the same size as the Sun.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, Floor (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752v1Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357  Note: see VizieR catalogue I/311.
  2. ^ a b "* 8 CMi". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  3. ^ a b Cowley, A.; et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal, 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819 
  4. ^ a b Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J 
  5. ^ Wilson, Ralph Elmer (1953). General Catalogue of Stellar Radial Velocities. Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington. Bibcode:1953GCRV..C......0W. 
  6. ^ Reiners, A. (January 2006), "Rotation- and temperature-dependence of stellar latitudinal differential rotation", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 446 (1): 267–277, Bibcode:2006A&A...446..267R, arXiv:astro-ph/0509399Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20053911. 
  7. ^ a b Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 367 (2): 521–524, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451  Note: using the method of Perrin and Karoji (1987).
  8. ^ a b van Belle, G. T.; et al. (May 2008), "The Palomar Testbed Interferometer Calibrator Catalog", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 176 (1): 276–292, Bibcode:2008ApJS..176..276V, arXiv:0711.4194Freely accessible, doi:10.1086/526548 
  9. ^ a b Paunzen, E.; Schnell, A.; Maitzen, H. M. (October 2006), "An empirical temperature calibration for the Δ a photometric system. II. The A-type and mid F-type stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 458 (1): 293–296, Bibcode:2006A&A...458..293P, arXiv:astro-ph/0607567Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20064889 
  10. ^ a b Schröder, C.; Reiners, A.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (January 2009), "Ca II HK emission in rapidly rotating stars. Evidence for an onset of the solar-type dynamo", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 493 (3): 1099–1107, Bibcode:2009A&A...493.1099S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810377 
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x 
  12. ^ Bortle, John E. (February 2001), The Bortle Dark-Sky Scale, Sky Publishing Company, retrieved 2011-12-09 
  13. ^ Stix, Michael (2004), The sun: an introduction, Astronomy and astrophysics library (2nd ed.), Springer, p. 423, ISBN 3-540-20741-4 
  14. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, archived from the original on 2012-03-10, retrieved 2012-01-16