Delta2 Lyrae

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Delta2 Lyrae
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Lyra
Right ascension 18h 54m 30.2838s
Declination +36° 53′ 55.007″
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.30v
Spectral type M4 II
U−B color index +1.65
B−V color index +1.68
Radial velocity (Rv) -25.55 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −7.36 mas/yr
Dec.: 4.06 mas/yr
Parallax (π) 4.43 ± 0.18 mas
Distance 740 ± 30 ly
(226 ± 9 pc)
Mass 7.3[1] M
Radius 286[1] - 381[2] R
Luminosity 12,900[1] - 23,100[2] L
Surface gravity (log g) 0[3] cgs
Temperature 3,550[3] - 3,650[2] K
Other designations
Delta2 Lyrae, 12 Lyrae, HR 7139, BD+36°3319, HD 175588, SAO 67559, HIP 92791, GC 25959
Database references

Delta2 Lyrae2 Lyr) is a 4th magnitude star in the constellation Lyra, approximately 900 light years away from Earth. It is one of the M4II spectral standard stars,[4] meaning it is a bright giant star with a surface temperature around 3,600 kelvins. It puts out more energy than 10,000 suns, although more than 90% of it at longer than visual wavelengths. Direct angular measurements, combined with the Hipparcos parallax, give a radius of 1.1[5] - 1.3[6] astronomical units, comparable to the size calculated from other observed data.

It began life as a hot blue main sequence star, but now is a large cool asymptotic giant branch star with a degenerate carbon-oxygen core. It is a semi-regular variable star that has its brightness change by 0.2 magnitudes over an ill-defined period. Delta2 Lyrae was once thought to form a visual binary with the star Delta1 Lyrae, but it does not, only appearing to do so if seen from earth's direction.

The spectral type of the nearby star system CCDM J18545+3654BC suggests that they are at the same distance as Delta2 Lyrae, which could mean that the three stars form a triple star system. In this case, CCDM J18545+3654BC would be 24,000 AU away from Delta2 Lyrae, and it would take 24,000 years for it to make an orbit. The two stars in the CCDM J18545+3654BC system take at least 10,500 years to make an orbit and are separated by 600AU.

Delta2 Lyrae is the brightest member of the scattered open cluster Stephenson 1.[7][8]


  1. ^ a b c Tsuji, T. (2007). "Isotopic abundances of Carbon and Oxygen in Oxygen-rich giant stars". Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. 2: 307. arXiv:astro-ph/0610180Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007IAUS..239..307T. doi:10.1017/S1743921307000622. 
  2. ^ a b c Blum, R. D.; Ramirez, S. V.; Sellgren, K.; Olsen, K. (2003). "Really Cool Stars and the Star Formation History at the Galactic Center". The Astrophysical Journal. 597: 323. arXiv:astro-ph/0307291Freely accessible. Bibcode:2003ApJ...597..323B. doi:10.1086/378380. 
  3. ^ a b Levesque, E. M.; Massey, P.; Olsen, K. A. G.; Plez, B.; Josselin, E.; Maeder, A.; Meynet, G. (2005). "The Effective Temperature Scale of Galactic Red Supergiants: Cool, but Not as Cool as We Thought". The Astrophysical Journal. 628 (2): 973. arXiv:astro-ph/0504337Freely accessible. Bibcode:2005ApJ...628..973L. doi:10.1086/430901. 
  4. ^ Bibcode1989BICDS..36...27G
  5. ^ Dyck, H. M.; Benson, J. A.; Van Belle, G. T.; Ridgway, S. T. (1996). "Radii and Effective Temperatures for K and M Giants and Supergiants". The Astronomical Journal. 111: 1705. Bibcode:1996AJ....111.1705D. doi:10.1086/117910. 
  6. ^ Richichi, A.; Percheron, I.; Khristoforova, M. (2005). "CHARM2: An updated Catalog of High Angular Resolution Measurements". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 431 (2): 773. Bibcode:2005A&A...431..773R. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042039. 
  7. ^ Stephenson, C. B. (1959). "A Possible New Galactic Cluster Involving δ Lyrae". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 71: 145. Bibcode:1959PASP...71..145S. doi:10.1086/127349. 
  8. ^ "Simbad page for Stephenson 1".