Delta County, Michigan

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Delta County, Michigan
DeltaCountyMichiganBuilding.jpg
Delta County Courthouse in Escanaba
Map of Michigan highlighting Delta County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 9 March 1843 (authorized)
1861 (organized)[1]
Seat Escanaba
Largest city Escanaba
Area
 • Total 1,991 sq mi (5,157 km2)
 • Land 1,171 sq mi (3,033 km2)
 • Water 820 sq mi (2,124 km2), 41%
Population
 • (2010) 37,069
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern

Delta County is a county in the Upper peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 37,069.[2] The county seat is Escanaba.[3] The county was surveyed in 1843 and organized in 1861. Its name originates from the Greek letter "delta", which refers to the triangular shape of the original county[1][4] which included segments of Menominee, Dickinson, Iron, and Marquette counties.[5]

Delta County comprises the Escanaba, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,991 square miles (5,160 km2), of which 1,171 square miles (3,030 km2) is land and 820 square miles (2,100 km2) (41%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Michigan by land area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,172
18702,542116.9%
18806,812168.0%
189015,330125.0%
190023,88155.8%
191030,10826.1%
192030,9092.7%
193032,2804.4%
194034,0375.4%
195032,913−3.3%
196034,2984.2%
197035,9244.7%
198038,9478.4%
199037,780−3.0%
200038,5202.0%
201037,069−3.8%
Est. 201636,202[7]−2.3%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

The 2010 United States Census[12] indicates Delta County had population of 37,069. This decrease of 1,451 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a 3.8% population decrease during that 10-year period. In 2010 there were 15,992 households and 10,381 families in the county. The population density was 31.7 per square mile (12.2 per km²). There were 20,214 housing units at an average density of 17.3 per square mile (6.7 per km²). 94.7% of the population were White, 2.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.8% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun, 15.5% German, 10.3% Swedish and 7.6% Irish ancestry.[13]

There were 15,992 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were husband and wife families, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 29.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.80.

The county population contained 20.9% under age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. 49.5% of the population were male, and 50.5% of the population female.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[12] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $40,967 and the median income for a family was $49,557. Males had a median income of $28,702 versus $15,093 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,751. About 2.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under the age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

  • US 2 – runs east-west through the lower part of the county. Enters from Schoolcraft County east of Garden Corners and runs west to intersection with US41 at Rapid River.
  • US 41 – runs north-south through central part of the county. Enters from Alger County at Trenary and runs south to Rapid River, then SW along Lake Michigan shore to SW corner of county.
  • M-35 – enters from Marquette County at NW corner of Delta County. Runs SE to intersection with US41 at Gladstone.
  • M-69 – runs east-west across SW tip of county. Enters from Menominee County at Schaffer and runs SE to intersection with US41 west of Narenta.
  • M-183 – runs from south tip of county at Sac Bay, NE to intersection with US2 at Garden Corners.[14]

Airport[edit]

The county is served by Delta County Airport (KESC), southwest of Escanaba. It provides scheuled airline service to Detroit.

Government[edit]

Delta County was reliably Republican after the American Civil War, and until Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. Since 1932, the Democrat Party nominee has carried the county vote in 15 of the 22 national presidential elections through 2016.

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.8% 11,121 34.6% 6,436 5.6% 1,037
2012 52.6% 9,534 46.0% 8,330 1.5% 266
2008 46.0% 8,763 52.3% 9,974 1.7% 327
2004 50.3% 9,680 48.8% 9,381 0.9% 177
2000 51.2% 8,871 46.0% 7,970 2.7% 475
1996 36.7% 5,925 53.0% 8,561 10.3% 1,664
1992 33.6% 6,027 46.7% 8,387 19.8% 3,548
1988 44.3% 7,114 55.3% 8,891 0.4% 60
1984 52.8% 8,952 46.8% 7,934 0.3% 56
1980 46.0% 8,146 47.9% 8,475 6.1% 1,071
1976 45.9% 7,809 53.0% 9,027 1.2% 197
1972 48.1% 7,647 50.4% 8,003 1.5% 236
1968 40.6% 5,829 54.5% 7,821 5.0% 714
1964 30.6% 4,434 69.3% 10,046 0.2% 27
1960 44.8% 6,460 55.0% 7,924 0.2% 29
1956 54.3% 7,766 45.4% 6,489 0.3% 45
1952 51.8% 7,488 47.9% 6,921 0.3% 49
1948 42.9% 5,414 55.0% 6,943 2.2% 276
1944 41.2% 5,213 58.3% 7,375 0.4% 56
1940 41.2% 6,218 58.3% 8,802 0.5% 81
1936 32.8% 4,527 64.9% 8,954 2.3% 310
1932 35.7% 4,386 59.9% 7,363 4.4% 536
1928 49.6% 5,420 49.6% 5,419 0.8% 91
1924 49.8% 4,761 4.9% 463 45.3% 4,330
1920 65.4% 4,938 26.3% 1,985 8.3% 627
1916 59.7% 3,088 34.5% 1,781 5.8% 300
1912 25.4% 1,111 24.4% 1,066 50.3% 2,201
1908 71.7% 3,243 24.3% 1,097 4.1% 183
1904 79.9% 3,332 15.8% 658 4.3% 181
1900 70.9% 3,081 27.9% 1,210 1.2% 52
1896 67.8% 2,774 30.2% 1,237 2.0% 80
1892 54.3% 1,769 43.3% 1,412 2.4% 77
1888 54.2% 1,587 45.5% 1,332 0.4% 11
1884 66.1% 1,201 33.5% 609 0.3% 6

Delta County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of September 2018)[16]

Communities[edit]

Map of Delta County with Municipal and Township labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Delta County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 103. 
  5. ^ Names of Michigan Counties (accessed 28 July 2009)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "American Factfinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Delta County MI Google Maps (accessed 16 September 2018)
  15. ^ US Election Atlas
  16. ^ "Delta County Directory". Retrieved 16 September 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°47′N 86°52′W / 45.78°N 86.87°W / 45.78; -86.87