Delta Cryogenic Second Stage

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Delta Cryogenic Second Stage
Second stage of a Delta IV Medium rocket.jpg
A 4-meter DCSS from a Delta IV Medium
ManufacturerBoeing IDS
United Launch Alliance
Country of originUnited States
Used onDelta III
Delta IV
SLS Block I
Launch history
StatusActive
Total launches21
Successes
(stage only)
18
11 Delta IV 4m
7 Delta IV 5m
Failed2 (Delta III)
Lower stage
failed
1 (Delta III)
Delta III second stage
Length8.8 meters (29 ft)
Diameter4 meters (13 ft)
Empty mass2,480 kilograms (5,470 lb)
Gross mass19,300 kilograms (42,500 lb)
Engines1 RL10B-2
Thrust110.1 kilonewtons (24,800 lbf)
Specific impulse462 seconds (4.53 km/s)
Burn time700 seconds
FuelLH2/LOX
Delta IV 4-meter stage
Length12.2 meters (40 ft)
Diameter4 meters (13 ft)
Empty mass2,850 kilograms (6,280 lb)
Gross mass24,170 kilograms (53,290 lb)
Engines1 RL10B-2
Thrust110.1 kilonewtons (24,800 lbf)
Specific impulse462 seconds (4.53 km/s)
Burn time850 seconds
FuelLH2/LOX
Delta IV 5-meter stage
Length13.7 meters (45 ft)
Diameter5 meters (16 ft)
Empty mass3,490 kilograms (7,690 lb)
Gross mass30,710 kilograms (67,700 lb)
Engines1 RL10B-2
Thrust110.1 kilonewtons (24,800 lbf)
Specific impulse462 seconds (4.53 km/s)
Burn time1125 seconds
FuelLH2/LOX

The Delta Cryogenic Second Stage (DCSS) is a family of cryogenic rocket stages used on the Delta III and Delta IV rockets, and which is planned to be used on the Space Launch System Block 1. The stage consists of a cylindrical LH2 tank structurally separated from an oblate spheroid LOX tank. The LH2 tank cylinder carries payload launch loads, while the LOX tank and engine are suspended below within the rocket's inter-stage. The stage is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney RL10B-2 engine,[1] which features an extendable carbon-carbon nozzle to improve specific impulse.[2]

Delta III[edit]

The DCSS first flew on 3 Delta IIIs, and failed 2 of 2 times. The booster failed on the third flight, causing the loss of the DCSS before ignitions. An un-flown example is on display outside the Discovery Cube Orange County.[citation needed]

Delta IV[edit]

Two different versions are flown, depending on variant. Composite interstages used to mate the first and second stages together accommodate the different configurations.[2] For the Delta IV-M, a tapering interstage narrows down in diameter from 5-meters to 4-meters is used on the 4-meter DCSS, while a cylindrical interstage is used on the 5-meter DCSS.[2]

Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (ICPS)[edit]

The Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (ICPS), a modified 5–meter DCSS, will fly as the upper stage of NASA's Block 1 Space Launch System.[3] Artemis 1, the first flight, is planned between 2020-2021.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert A. Braeunig (2 November 2009). "Space Launchers—Delta". Rocket and Space Technology (braeunig.us). Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Delta IV Payload Planners Guide" (PDF). United Launch Alliance. September 2007. pp. 1–5 to 1–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011.
  3. ^ Chris Bergin (4 October 2011). "SLS trades lean towards opening with four RS-25s on the core stage". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  4. ^ "NASA administrator on recent personnel shakeup: 'There's no turmoil at all'". 12 July 2019.
  5. ^ "NASA's large SLS rocket unlikely to fly before at least late 2021". 17 July 2019.