Delta Doradus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Delta Doradus
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Dorado
Right ascension 05h 44m 46.37811s[1]
Declination −65° 44′ 07.9011″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.34[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A7 V[3]
U−B color index +0.11[2]
B−V color index +0.22[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) −8.3±0.8[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −28.91[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +5.17[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 21.80 ± 0.14[1] mas
Distance 149.6 ± 1.0 ly
(45.9 ± 0.3 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +1.03[5]
Details
Mass 1.85[6] M
Radius 2.1[7] R
Luminosity 29[8] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.89[6] cgs
Temperature 7,828±266[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.40[9] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 172[3] km/s
Age 940[6] Myr
Other designations
δ Dor, CPD−65° 496, FK5 1154, HD 39014, HIP 27100, HR 2015, SAO 249346[10]
Database references
SIMBAD data

δ Doradus (often Latinised to Delta Doradus, abbreviated to δ Dor or delta Dor) is a star in the southern constellation of Dorado. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 21.80 mas as seen from Earth, it is located around 150 light years from the Sun. The star is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.34.[2]

This is an A-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of A7 V.[3] The star is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 172 km/s.[3] This is giving the star an oblate shape with an equatorial bulge that is 12% larger than the polar radius.[11] Although A-type stars are not expected to harbor a magnetic dynamo needed to power X-ray emission, an X-ray flux of 3.6×1027 erg/s has been detected at these coordinates. This may indicate that the star has an unseen companion.[12] δ Doradus displays an infrared excess suggesting it may be a Vega-like star with an orbiting debris disk.[9]

Once every 18.6 years this star becomes becomes the Moon's south pole star.[13] The pole star status changes periodically, because of the precession of the Moon's rotational axis. When δ Doradus is the pole star, it is better aligned than Earth's Polaris (α Ursae Minoris), but much fainter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV data, SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M. 
  3. ^ a b c d Royer, F.; et al. (February 2007), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. III. Velocity distributions", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 463 (2): 671–682, arXiv:astro-ph/0610785Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...463..671R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065224. 
  4. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  5. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. 
  6. ^ a b c d David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154Freely accessible, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146. 
  7. ^ Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS)", Astronomy and Astrophysics (3rd ed.), 367: 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289Freely accessible, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451. 
  8. ^ McDonald, I.; et al. (2012), "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 427 (1): 343–57, arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  9. ^ a b Saffe, C.; Gómez, M.; Pintado, O.; González, E. (October 2008), "Spectroscopic metallicities of Vega-like stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 490 (1): 297−305, arXiv:0805.3936Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008A&A...490..297S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810260. 
  10. ^ "del Dor -- Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  11. ^ van Belle, Gerard T. (March 2012), "Interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars", The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 20 (1): 51, arXiv:1204.2572Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&ARv..20...51V, doi:10.1007/s00159-012-0051-2. 
  12. ^ Schröder, C.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (November 2007), "X-ray emission from A-type stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 475 (2): 677−684, Bibcode:2007A&A...475..677S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20077429. 
  13. ^ Patrick Moore (1983), The Guinness Book of Astronomy Facts & Feats, p. 29, In 1968 the north pole star of the Moon was Omega Draconis; by 1977 it was 36 Draconis. The south pole star is Delta Doradus. 

External links[edit]