|Nickname(s): The Finger of God|
Location of Delta State in Nigeria
|Date created||27 August 1991|
| • Governor
|Arthur Okowa Ifeanyi (PDP)|
|• Deputy Governor||Kingsley Otuaro|
|• Total||17,698 km2 (6,833 sq mi)|
|Area rank||23rd of 36|
|Population (1991 census)|
|• Estimate (2005)||6,710,214|
|• Rank||9th of 36|
|• Density||150/km2 (380/sq mi)|
|• Total||$16.75 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,990|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+01)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-DE|
Delta State is a state in Nigeria, which comprises of several distinct ethnic groups namely Urhobos, Ukwuani/Ndokwa, Ijaw, Ika, Aniocha, Isoko and Itsekiri . The ethnic groups are grouped into three senatorial districts, namely Delta North, Delta South and Delta Central, for administrative purposes.
Delta is an oil and agricultural producing state of Nigeria, situated in the region known as the Delta state, South-South geo-political zone with a population of 4,098,291 (males: 2,674,306; females: 2,024,085). Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the current Federal Minister of Finance and Coordinating of Economy and former World Bank Managing Director, is from the state. The capital city is Asaba, located at the northern end of the state, with an estimated area of 762 square kilometres (294 sq mi), while Ogwashi-Uku has the biggest land space for any industry, Warri is the economic nerve center of the state and also the most populated located in the southern end of the state. The state has a total land area of 16,842 square kilometres (6,503 sq mi).
The State presently covers a landmass of about 18,050 Km2 of which more than 60% is land. The State lies approximately between Longitude 5°00 and 6°.45' East and Latitude 5°00 and 6°.30' North. It is bounded in the North and West by Edo State, the East by Anambra, Imo, and Rivers States, South-East by Bayelsa State, and on the Southern flank is the Bight of Benin which covers about 160kilometres of the State's coastline. Delta State is generally low-lying without remarkable hills. The State has a wide coastal belt inter-lace with rivulets and streams, which form part of the Niger-Delta.
Delta State was carved out of the former Bendel State on August 27, 1991 . The state was created following agitations for the creation of a separate distinct state by the peoples of the old Delta Province comprising the Urhobos, Ukwuanis/Ndokwa People, Itsekiri, Isoko and Ijaw and inclusive of the Aniocha and Ika Peoples who later formed the Anioma Group (with the addition of the Ukwuanis/Ndokwa Peoples who originally were part of the old Delta Province). The then Military President, Gen Ibrahim Babangida (Rtd) created the state using the name "Delta" advanced by Niger Delta region and "Asaba" another name advanced by the people of Anioma for the capital of the proposed "Anioma state." Delta state was once integrated in the Mid Western state from 1963 to 1976 and later Bendel state, from 1976 to 1991. The name "Bendel" (Ben-Del) coined from the old Benin and Delta Provinces of Western Region-Delta to reflect the integration of Benin and Delta provinces.
Delta State is ethnically diverse with peoples and seven major languages are spoken in the state. The State is divided into 2 regions on account of state creation movements(between 1976 to 1996) which was a feature of the military governance of Nigeria. This culminated to the increment of states in Nigeria from 12 states to the present 36 states.
The first group are the Aniocha people who speak various dialects with similarities to the Igbo dialect though with distinct variances such as Aniocha and Enuani, and as well as pockets of other languages such as Olukumi (an old Yoruba dialect with lots of Igbo loan words) as well as Agbor(Ika), and Ukwuani language.
The second group comprises Urhobo, Isoko, Itsekiri, and Ezon ethnic groups. These ethnic groups occupy the Central and South Senatorial districts of the state. The Urhobo and Isoko speak very similar languages unlike the Ezon and Itsekiri people but have a loosely related culture as they traded and intermarried for centuries before colonization.
Most inhabitants of the state practice Christianity and very few traditional faiths. Although, the Ukwuanis also have cultural affiliation with these group most especially in their cosmic outlook.
Arthur Okowa Ifeanyi, a member of the People's Democratic Party, was elected Governor and chief executive of Delta State in April 2015. His deputy is Barr. Kingsley Otuaro. The State has three National Senatorial Districts (South, North and Central). In 2011 and 2013, the elected senators were James Manager, Arthur Okowa Ifeanyi and Emmanuel Aguariavwodo who replaced Pius Ewherido who died last year at National Hospital, Abuja. In 2015, Chief Ighoyeta Amori was elected Senator of Delta Central, James Manager retained his position and Chief Peter Nwaoboshi was elected Senator of Delta North. The Executive, Legislative and Judicial Chambers are housed in Asaba with a government house annex in Warri.
Local Government Areas
|Delta Central Senatorial District||1,575,738||Delta North Senatorial District||1,293,074||Delta South Senatorial District||1,229,282|
|Ethiope East||200,792||Aniocha North||104,711||Bomadi||86,644|
|Ethiope West||203,592||Aniocha South||140,604||Burutu||209,666|
|Okpe||130,029||Ika North East||183,657||Isoko North||144,155|
|Sapele||171,888||Ika South||162,594||Isoko South||227,712|
|Ughelli North||321,028||Ndokwa West||149,325||Warri North||137,300|
|Ughelli South||213,576||Oshimili North||115,316||Warri South||303,417|
|Uvwie||191,472||Oshimili South||149,306||Warri South West||116,681|
There are various solid mineral deposits within state - industrial clay, silica, lignite, kaolin, tar sand, decorative rocks, limestone, etc. These are raw materials for industries such as brick making, ceramics, bottle manufacturing, glass manufacturing, chemical/insulators production, chalk manufacturing and sanitary wares, decorative stone cutting and quarrying.
Delta state has one of the highest numbers of tertiary institutions in any Nigerian state. This is a product of the people's thirst for knowledge and academic work. Some of these institutions are:
- Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun
- Delta State University (Abraka Campus,Oleh Campus,Asaba Campus)
- Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku.
- Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe Oghara.
- Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro.
- College of Education, Agbor
- College of Education, Warri
- Federal College of Education Technical, Asaba
- College of Physical Education, Mosogar
- School of Health Technology, Ughelli
- Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun
- Western Delta University, Oghara
- Novena University, Ogume-Amai
- Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu
- Nigerian Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Warri
- Conarina School of Maritime & Transport Technology, Oria-Abraka
- University of Information and Communication Technology, Agbor
- State School of Midwifery, Asaba
- School of Nursing, Agbor
- School of Nursing, Warri
- Edwin Clark University, Kiagbodo
- Eagle Heights University, Omadino, Warri
Delta State has some historical, cultural and socio-political tourist centers that attract visitors from around the globe. Some of these sites of tourism include:
- The Nana's Palace built by Chief Nana Olomu of Ebrohim. He was a powerful 19th century indigenous entrepreneur who traded with the British. The relationship eventually turned sour. Later, he surrendered (not without putting up a fight) and was exiled to Ghana. His personal effects are housed in this grand palace.
- The River Ethiope which is reputed to be the deepest inland waterway in Africa (at 176 km). Its source is at the foot of a giant silk-cotton tree at Umuaja in Ukwuani Local Government Area of the state and flows through seven Local Government Areas in the State. It is a place of worship for Olokun traditional religion and also a common site for faithfuls of the Igbe Religious Movement.
- The Araya Bible Site which houses a copy of the Holy Bible. It is believed that the bible descended to this spot miraculously from heaven around August, 1914. The bible dropped on rain-soaked yam and it didn't get wet. The site now attracts thousands of Christians yearly.
- Demas Nwoko Edifice which was built using traditional materials, designs and construction techniques of the Igbo civilization and the Benin Empire by Demas Nwoko, an architect, builder and artist of international repute from Idumuje-Ugboko, in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State.
- The Mungo Park House which is now the site of the National Museum, Asaba. The house was constructed by the Royal Niger Company (RNC) in 1886 and was used as a colonial administrative headquarters, a military house, the colonial administrative divisional headquarters, the RNC Constabulary building, and the seat of the Urban District Council at different times.
- The Niger Bridge which connects Delta State (by extension, western Nigeria) to the Eastern part of Nigeria. It is a beauty to behold. It was completed in 1965 and cost £5 million. It was damaged during the civil war, but later repaired.
- Lander Brothers Anchorage, Asaba which was built in memory of early British explorers. The complex has a museum, a graveyard, and many artworks and writings. It houses a replica of one of the boats that was used by the brothers.
- Falcorp Mangrove Park
- Warri Kingdom Royal Cemetery which is 512 years old and serves as the resting place of past rulers of Warri kingdom. A tree is planted on each grave.
- Pharm. Paul Enebeli (President General, Ndokwa Ethnic Nationality and National Confab Delegate)
- Patrick Okedinachi Utomi
- D.K.Law Ugbebor
- Senator Ifeanyi Okowa, Senator from Delta North senatorial district and now the Executive Governor of Delta State.
- John Obayuwana
- Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
- Ngozi Olejeme (Chairman, Nigerian Social Insurance Trust-fund), Chairman Board of Directors Trustfund pensions P.L.C. Member and convener, Subsidy re-investment empowerment program
- The Ologeh Family
- Bruce Onobrakpeya, 2006 UNESCO LIVING HUMAN TREASURE AWARD, Trustee of Western Niger Delta University
- Prince Demas Nwoko, Inventor, Philosopher and Distinguished design artist
- Olorogun Michael Ibru, Business Leader
- Deacon Gamaliel Onosode
- Professor Steve Okecha (Former Technical Adviser in the Federal Ministry of Education, Community Leader and former President, Ndokwa National Union)
- The Anumonwo Family
- The Esiri Family
- Sam Amuka
- Emefiene Pius .O (Ubulu-uku)
- Jim Ovia
- Fidelis Okenmor Tilije (Gubernatorial aspirant, Former Managing Director, Fortune Bank)
- The Elemelus
- The Chiejinas (Ubulu-Uku)
- James Manager
- Dr Alex Ideh
- Gamaliel Onosode
- Philip Asiodu
- Sony Odogwu
- Professor Sam Oyovbaire (Former Minister of Information)
- Prof John Pepper Clark, first Professor of English in Africa, poet and writer
- Ben Okri, writer
- Orhero Mathias Iroro, writer
- Tanure Ojaide, Internationally acclaimed writer
- Godini Darah, President Nigerian Folklore Society
- Arierhie Patrick Okuneh, Lawyer and Poet
- Senator Pius Akpor Ewherido, Senator that represented the eight Local Government Areas of the Urhobo People in Federal Senate till he died June 2013
- Odiete Diariarijere of Eghwu, a notable social democrat who provided the first Primary School, the Postal Agency, and Tap Water for his people
- Dr. Abraham Orhero, a professor of International Relations and Strategic Studies
- Jay Jay Okocha, Former Super Eagles Captain
- Omawumi, popular Nigeria entertainer.
- Chief Senator J.E. Manager
- Chief Edwin Kiagbodo Clarke (Prominent Chief and leader of Izon)
- Elder Godsday Orubebe (Former Minister, Niger Delta Ministry)
- Double Chief (General) Government Ekpomukpolo (Leader of Niger Delta Agitators for equity, justice and fairness)
- General Enai (Rtd)
- Emmanuel Uduaghan
- . Amaju Pinnick
- The Onuwaje Family
- Ayo Oritsejafor
- David Ejoor
- Roland Oritsejafor (former minister of state)
- Brig Gen Sunday E. Tuoyo (former military administrator of Ondo state)
Delta State is known to have produced several sportsmen and women of great stature, many of whom have captained the national football teams of the nation at different times notably Stephen Okechukwu Keshi, Sunday Oliseh, Austin Jay Jay Okocha, Wilson Oruma,Duke udi, Efetobore Sodje, Jonathan Akpoborie,Nduka Ugbade, Peter Nnalue etc. Team Delta are the current winners of the National Sports Festival tagged "KADA 2009" held in Kaduna State, Nigeria with 108 Gold and a number of Silver and Bronze medals.
- "Delta State: The Finger of God". Retrieved 2014-12-28.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- Federal Republic of Nigeria, Official gazette, No. 24, vol. 94, 2007
- 2006 Population Census, Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 2009-03-25.