Deltiology

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A postcard collection

Deltiology (from Greek δελτίον, deltion, diminutive of δέλτος, deltos, "writing tablet, letter"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study and collection of postcards. Professor Randall Rhoades of Ashland, Ohio, coined a word in 1945 that became the accepted description of the study of picture postcards.[1][2] It initially took about 20 years for the name to appear in a dictionary.[1] Compared to philately, the identification of a postcard's place and time of production can often be an impossible task because postcards, unlike stamps, are produced in a decentralised, unregulated manner. For this reason, some collectors choose to limit their acquisitions to cards by specific artists and publishers, or by time and location.

History[edit]

Deltiology appeared at the end of the 19th century, when the mass production of postcards began and received international distribution as the cheapest type of postal items. The first postcard was published in 1869, and by 1875, 231.5 million open letters were sent in the member countries of the Universal Postal Union.[3]

German magazine for postcard collectors, published in Leipzig by Central Union of Postcard Collectors (issue 1 july 1896)

In the late XIX-early XX centuries the first organizations of deltiologists appeared. Special magazines and catalogs began to be published (in Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Russia, Great Britain, the United States, Italy, Switzerland, Spain, etc.), international exhibitions took place (in Leipzig, Saint Petersburg, Nice, Paris, Florence, Nuremberg, London, etc.), congresses of collectors and postcard publishers (in Leipzig - 1896, 1910; in Nice - 1899), the first auctions began to be held.[4]

The emblem of International Deltiologist Union «Kosmopolit» (till 1900)

Since the beginning of the 20th century deltiology has become one of the most popular types of collecting facilitated by the mass production of postcards of diverse topics (geography,[5] ethnography, history, various types of art,[6] technology,[7] sports,[8] portraits, etc.) and of high-quality art and printings, and by postal exchange between countries which expanded significantly with the strengthening of international relations.[9]

The initial views on deltiology were somewhat different from the ones we have today. At the beginning of the XX century it was believed that only a postcard that was mailed, “fulfilled its function”, can be a worthy collectible.[10] Moreover a postcard with a view of a city (locality) can be sent only from this city (locality). A blank postcard without a postmark was equated to a “picture”. Nowadays, on the contrary, a number of collectors go by the principle of ignoring the cards with writings on them.[11]

Today deltiology is one of the most popular types of collecting. Moreover, postcards are usually valued in proportion to their age and rarity of the topic. Recently, an increased demand for postcards has provoked an increase in prices. So, for example, the price of some postcards at online auctions can reach one thousand dollars, whilst most of postcards would not reach the cost of 5 dollars.[12]

Identification[edit]

There are some general rules to dating when a postcard was printed.[13] Postcards are generally sent within a few years of their printing so the postmark helps date a postcard. If the card is original and not a reprint, a postcard's original printing date can be deduced from such things as the fashions worn by people in the card, the era in which the cars on the street were made, and other time-sensitive clues. Postcards produced by the Curt Teich Company can be dated more exactly if the stamp box on the reverse is visible, since the company printed a date code within the stamp box.[14]

Picture postcards can be assigned to "the Golden Age of Postcards" (1898–1919), the time of the linens (circa 1930–1950), or to the modern chromes (after 1940).[15] Modern chromes are color photographs and thus differ from photochromes generated from black and white photographs before c. 1915. Picture postcards can also be differentiated on the basis of other features: undivided backs are typical for c. 1901–1906, and divided backs for c. 1907–1915, while white border cards are common from c. 1915-1930.[15]

Practice[edit]

Postcards are collected by historical societies, libraries and genealogical societies because of their importance in research such as how a city looked at a particular time in history as well as social history. Many elementary schools use postcards to teach children geography. Postcard pen pal programs have been established to help children in language arts.[16]

Deltiologists, as postcard collectors are called, collect for a variety of reasons. Some are attracted to the postcards themselves, then narrow down their interests. Others are interested in something in particular, such as ballet, then decide to collect ballet-related postcards as a way to augment their interest in ballet.

Collectors may find picture postcards at home in boxes, attics, or scrapbooks, generate their own on trips and vacations, and acquire them from stores, flea markets, purchasing on the Internet, or other collectors.[15]

A number of artists have become recognized for the creation of postcards and certain publishers specialize in the production and printing of picture postcards.[17]

Worldwide popularity[edit]

Worldwide deltiology is the third-largest collecting hobby after stamp collecting and coin/banknote collecting.[15] Postcard clubs may be found in many countries; and these clubs, as well as related organizations, frequently host postcard shows. Online postcard clubs have also become popular. They mainly focus on providing their members with catalogs and features for tracking their collections and interacting with each other.[18]

Some websites popularize deltiology by providing opportunity to receive and send postcards to random people around the world.[19]

Collection storage[edit]

Album with the United States postcards (1910-е)

There are three most popular ways to store postcards: index card, in albums and in envelopes. Until the 1990s collectors mainly used cardboard albums threading the corners of postcards in the slots. Nowadays plastic photo albums with pockets are used more often, as a postcard can be inserted in the pockets completely. The album storage method ensures the safety of the collection in the best way, plus its visually appealing. However, there are such disadvantages as the space the collection takes up, the weight of and the overall cost of all the albums one might need.

With the index card storage method collections of postcards are located in boxes of the appropriate size. Such boxes can be made by the collector independently from plywood, hardboard and standard shoe boxes. The boundaries of each subsection of the collection are marked with separator cards, which have a format larger than that of the postcard. And when it comes to envelops, a collector can put different postcards in an envelope dividing them by their themes. The main advantages of these methods compared to albums are its compactness, money saving, and time saving as you do not need to spend time on inserting and rearranging cards in albums; the main disadvantage is that postcards quickly wear out from constant sorting.[20]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Postcard Collector's Magazine: Postcard Enterprises Inc., Palm Bay, Florida, First Issue January 1976, page 15
  2. ^ Deltiology 101, Retrieved 10 July 2011
  3. ^ Tagrin N.S. (1962). In the search for unusual (rus. 'В поисках необычного') (in Russian). L.: Association for the Promotion of Political and Scientific Knowledge of the RSFSR. p. 70.
  4. ^ Tagrin N.S. (1978). The world in a postcard (rus. 'Мир в открытке') (in Russian). М.: Art. p. 126.
  5. ^ "Geography Postcards". Colnect.com. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  6. ^ "Art Postcards". Colnect.com. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  7. ^ "Technology Postcards". Colnect.com. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  8. ^ "Sport Postcards". Colnect.com. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  9. ^ М.S. Zabochen, N. S. Tagrin (1978). Deltiology (in Russian). 27. М.: Great Soviet Encyclopedia. p. 126.
  10. ^ N. S. Tagrin (1978). The world in a postcard (rus. 'Мир в открытке') (in Russian). М.: Art. p. 126.
  11. ^ N. S. Tagrin (1978). The world in a postcard (rus. 'Мир в открытке') (in Russian). М.: Art. p. 126.
  12. ^ Osinin A. Why do we collect postcards, or could postcards to be a good investment// Deltiology. — 2007. — № 1. — P. 49.
  13. ^ Information about dating postcards Archived 2006-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ A guide to the year published is available at Guide to dating Teich cards Archived 2009-02-05 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ a b c d Barbara A. Harrison (June 2008). ""How To" Advice for Beginning PPC Collections". American Philatelist: 536–543.
  16. ^ "Write Pen Pal Postcards | Activity | Education.com". www.education.com. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  17. ^ See subsections in Category:Postcards
  18. ^ "Postcards on Colnect". colnect.com. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  19. ^ "Postcards connecting the world - Postcrossing". www.postcrossing.com. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  20. ^ N. S. Tagrin (1978). The world in a postcard (rus. 'Мир в открытке') (in Russian). М.: Art. p. 126.

References[edit]

  • Thomas M. Fürst (Compiler, Author), Rainer von Scharpen (Translation). Picture Postcards - a Bibliography. Supplemented by a History of Deltiology, Schwalmtal, Germany: Phil*Creativ, 2016, ISBN 978-3-932198-03-8, 59 pp.

External links[edit]