Deluxe Entertainment Services Group

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Deluxe Entertainment Services Inc.
Subsidiary
IndustryEntertainment
Creative Industries
Founded1915; 105 years ago (1915)
FounderWilliam Fox
HeadquartersBurbank, California,
Key people
Eric Cummins CEO[1]
ProductsFilm
Technology
ServicesLocalization
Digital processing
Creative services
Post-production
Number of employees
7,500 [2]
Websitebydeluxe.com

Deluxe Entertainment Services Inc., often referred to as Deluxe, is an American company that creates, transforms, localizes, and distributes content.[3]

Clients include motion-picture groups,[4] television studios,[5] digital content providers[6] and advertising agencies. The company has been recognized with 10 Academy Awards for scientific and technical achievement, including developments in CinemaScope pictures (as part of Fox Film Corp.) and, more recently, for a process of creating archival separations from digital image data.[7]

Founded in 1915 by producer William Fox, Deluxe's headquarters are in Los Angeles and New York, with operations in 25 media markets worldwide.

History[edit]

Deluxe began as a film processing laboratory which was part of a conglomeration owned and operated by producer William Fox in the early 1900s. Fox established the De Luxe laboratory in 1915 as part of the Fox Film Corporation in Fort Lee, New Jersey.[8]

In 1916, Fox Film Corporation opened its studio in Hollywood [9] at Sunset and Western. The first Deluxe film laboratory on the west coast was built on the south side of the lot (Fernwood and Serrano), and in 1919 the laboratory was moved to the new Fox studios building on Manhattan's west side where it remained for over 40 years. The "business manager" (later president) of the laboratory was Alan E. Freedman who guided the company into the 1960s.[10]

During the depression, the Fox Film Corporation encountered financial difficulties. Among the actions taken to maintain liquidity, Fox sold the laboratories in 1932 to Freedman who renamed the operation Deluxe.[11][12] Under Freedman's leadership, Deluxe added two more plants in Chicago and Toronto. In January, 1934, Fox was granted an option to rebuy DeLuxe prior to Dec. 31, 1938. 20th Century Fox (by this time Fox Film Corp. had merged with Twentieth Century Pictures to become 20th Century Fox) exercised this option in July, 1936 with Freedman remaining as president.[documentation forthcoming]

Under Freedman's direction, innovations, including the processing and sound striping of Cinemascope, were developed and implemented. Many of those were patented and/or received Academy awards.[13][14][15]

After Freedman's retirement in 1962, Deluxe continued expanding into new technological marketplaces, entering the home entertainment marketplace in 1972 and accommodating digital technologies throughout the next few decades.[16]

With the decline of motion picture production on the east coast, Deluxe closed its New York plant in the 1960s. The Chicago and Toronto plants followed. In recent years Deluxe expanded to a high capacity manufacturing plant that was one of several film labs worldwide. The Los Angeles plant continued to operate until May 2014, when it, like all other large film processing plants, succumbed to the motion picture industry's conversion from film to digital production.

Deluxe partnered with the Academy Film Archive in 2014 to find a home for thousands of orphaned film elements from the shutdown of Deluxe’s historic Hollywood film labs. The Deluxe Laboratories Collection at the Academy Film Archive consists of over 7,500 35mm and 16mm film elements of various motion pictures dating back to the early 1960s.[17]

Deluxe was owned by MacAndrews & Forbes from 2006 to 2019, when the company was acquired by creditors in a debt-for-equity swap in September 2019.[18] The company was acquired by MacAndrews & Forbes from The Rank Organisation for $750 million[19], its owner since 1990.[20]

The company filed for bankruptcy on October 3, 2019. The bankruptcy is pending in the Southern District of New York. On October 24, 2019, the company received court approval to emerge from bankruptcy with a comprehensive restructuring plan.[21][22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eric Cummins".
  2. ^ https://www.owler.com/company/bydeluxe
  3. ^ "Deluxe's Company 3, EFILM and Deluxe Toronto Post Major Entries in Cannes Film Festival". SHOOTonline.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  4. ^ Inc., Deluxe Entertainment Services Group. "Deluxe Signs Innovative Multimillion-Dollar Services Agreement with Sony Pictures". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  5. ^ Inc., Deluxe Entertainment Services Group. "Deluxe Launches Industry First Software-Defined TV Playout At SBS Australia". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  6. ^ Inc., Deluxe Entertainment Services Group. "Deluxe Entertainment Adds to Portfolio of Digital Services at Company's Paris and Sydney Studios". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  7. ^ "!company_name! | Company Profile from Hoover's". www.hoovers.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  8. ^ http://www.thestudiotour.com/fox/chronology.shtml
  9. ^ Fox Folks Vol. I, No. 4, August, 1922.
  10. ^ Fox Folks Vol. I, No. 4, August, 1922. Also, Vol. III, No. 7, July, 1924, p. 12 and back outside cover, and Vol. III, No. 8, August, 1924, p. 8.
  11. ^ Image, Deluxe Laboratories, Inc. check 101 to Fox Film Corporation for $2,000,000.
  12. ^ The Film Daily, New York, April 3, 1932, p. 1. https://archive.org/stream/filmdailyvolume55859newy#page/799/mode/1up
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2014-07-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ The Hollywood Reporter, May 6, 1980, p. 170
  16. ^ http://www.filmjournal.com/deluxe-living-color
  17. ^ "Deluxe Laboratories Collection". Academy Film Archive. 14 October 2015.
  18. ^ Deluxe Entertainment to Avoid Bankruptcy with Debt-for-Equity Swap
  19. ^ "Hollywood effects firm Deluxe Entertainment looks to China for deal". Reuters. 27 January 2017.
  20. ^ Perlman Buys Deluxe
  21. ^ "ORDER (I) APPROVING THE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR AND CONFIRMING THE JOINT PREPACKAGED PLAN OF REORGANIZATION OF DELUXE ENTERTAINMENT SERVICES GROUP INC. AND ITS DEBTOR AFFILIATES PURSUANT TO CHAPTER 11 OF THE BANKRUPTCY CODE AND (II) GRANTING RELATED RELIEF". cases.primeclerk.com. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  22. ^ "Deluxe Entertainment Gets New CEO as It Emerges From Bankruptcy". Variety. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 2020-05-10.

External links[edit]