Demak Regency

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Demak Regency

Kabupaten Demak
Demak Great Mosque
Official seal of Demak Regency
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Kota Wali (city of the saints)
Location of Demak Regency in Central Java
Location of Demak Regency in Central Java
Coordinates: 6°53′41.1″S 110°38′18.5″E / 6.894750°S 110.638472°E / -6.894750; 110.638472Coordinates: 6°53′41.1″S 110°38′18.5″E / 6.894750°S 110.638472°E / -6.894750; 110.638472
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceCentral Java
Establishment28 March 1503[1]
CapitalDemak
Government
 • RegentHM. Natsir
 • Vice RegentJoko Sutanto
Area
 • Total897.43 km2 (346.50 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2019)
 • Total1,162,805
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
 [2]
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Area code(s)+62 291
Websitedemakkab.go.id

Demak (Javanese: ꦢꦼꦩꦏ꧀) is a regency located in the Indonesian province of Central Java, on northern coast of the island. It is bordered by Jepara regency and the Java Sea to the north, Kudus and Grobogan regencies to the east, Grobogan and Semarang regencies to the south, while to the west are Semerang Regency and the city of Semarang, to which the districts of Mranggen and Sayung are essentially suburban. The regency covers an area of 897.43 km2 and had a population of 1,055,579 at the 2010 Census;[3] the latest official estimate (as at mid 2019) is 1,162,805.[4] It was originally the centre of the Demak Sultanate, once a dominant power in the region. Due to its strong relation with the spread of Islam in Java and the Wali Sanga, it is sometimes referred to with the nickname Kota Wali.

History[edit]

Precolonial period[edit]

The area was a part of the Majapahit Empire during its zenith around the 14th century. The city itself was founded sometime in the late fifteenth century, possibly by a Chinese whose descendant later became the Sultans of Demak. The first Sultan was known as Raden Patah, who was a vassal of Majapahit until 1478.[5] The city was founded as a seaport, next to the now-nonexistent Muria Palaeostrait separating Java from Muria Island (now Mount Muria), although silting has now entirely turned the waterway into land.[6] The Sultanate expanded in the expense of the declining Majapahit and its fragments, conquering the coastal region of Tuban around 1527 and reaching inland areas as far as Malang by 1546.[5] As the capital, the city became an important center for trade and the spread of Islam across the island, and a base of the semi-apocryphal Wali Sanga. Upon the decline of the Sultanate, the region was conquered in turn by the Pajang and Mataram Sultanates.[7] The seaport began to silt sometime in the 17th century, diminishing the region's importance as a seaport.

Semarang Residency in 1889. Demak is the area with the coastline facing northwest towards the Java Sea.

Dutch East Indies Era[edit]

Direct VOC presence in Java started upon their capture of Jayakarta (now Jakarta, then Batavia) on 1619. In the 18th century, a massacre of ethnic Chinese in Batavia triggered a war between VOC and Mataram, resulting in the latter's defeat and cession of the north coast of Java, including Demak, to VOC.[8] Upon the latter's dissolution on late 1799, administration of the area along with the rest of VOC's territory was transferred to the Dutch Government while Mataram was reduced to several fragmented states in the south coast of Java, including Yogyakarta and Surakarta.

As part of Dutch East Indies, Demak was organized with nearby Semarang into Residentie Semarang as the Demak Regency[9] and later into Central Java province upon the independence of Indonesia.

Economy[edit]

In 2014, the gross regional domestic product of the regency was Rp 14.078 trillion (US$1.133 billion) or Rp 12.73 million per capita (US$1025),[10]:369 with the agriculture and manufacturing sectors being the largest contributors. Rice is the most important agricultural produce, with 608,532 tons harvested in 2016 from 69,975 hectares of cultivated land.[10]:212

A 300-hectare industrial park is currently under construction, aimed to boost investment in the regency.[11]

Administrative districts[edit]

The Regency comprises fourteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census,[12] together with the latest official estimates (for mid 2019).[13] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district and its post code.


Name Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Estimate
mid 2019
No.
of
vill.
Post
code
Mranggen 72.22 157,143 198,994 19 59567
Karangawen 66.95 82,814 92,133 12 59566
Guntur 57.53 72,312 78,866 20 59565
Sayung 78.69 96,758 108,735 20 59563
Karangtengah 51.55 59,075 64,314 17 59561
Bonang 83.24 95,796 104,054 21 59552
(a)
Demak 61.13 98,127 102,312 19 59511
-59517
Wonosalam 57.88 71,485 78,036 21 59571
Dempet 61.61 51,092 54,154 16 59573
Kebonagung 41.99 37,649 41,200 14 59583
Gajah 47.83 43,014 43,877 18 59581
Karanganyar 67.76 68,182 71,526 17 59582
Mijen 50.29 50,305 51,354 15 59584
Wedung 98.76 71,827 73,229 20 59554
Totals 897.43 1,055,579 1,162,805 249

Note: (a) except for desa of Kembangan, which has a post code of 59511.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanaf, Rival (29 March 2017). "Peringati Hari Jadi, Bupati Ajak Seluruh Elemen Laksanakan Lima Program Unggulan Demak" (in Indonesian). Tribunnews Jateng. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Ricklefs, M.C. (2008). A History of Modern Indonesia since C.1200. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 38–39.
  6. ^ Sunarto (2006). "Geomorphological Development of the Muria Palaeostrait in Relation to the Morphodynamics of the Wulan Delta, Central Java". Indonesian Journal of Geography.
  7. ^ Soekmono, R. (1981). Pengantar sejarah kebudayaan Indonesia 3 (in Indonesian) (Edisi 3. ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. ISBN 9789794132913.
  8. ^ Setiono, Benny G. (2008). Tionghoa Dalam Pusaran Politik (in Indonesian). Jakarta: TransMedia. p. 161. ISBN 9789797990527. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  9. ^ Cribb, Robert. "Administrative divisions in Central Java, 1931". Digital Atlas of Indonesian History. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Demak in Figures 2017" (PDF). BPS Kabupaten Demak (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  11. ^ Oktaviane, Dwi (24 July 2017). "Demak bangun kawasan industri, siap layani investor" (in Indonesian). Tempo. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  12. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  13. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.