Demak Regency

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Demak Regency
Kabupaten Demak
Regency
Demak Great Mosque
Official seal of Demak Regency
Seal
Nickname(s): Kota Wali (city of the saints)
Location of Demak Regency in Central Java
Location of Demak Regency in Central Java
Coordinates: 6°53′41.1″S 110°38′18.5″E / 6.894750°S 110.638472°E / -6.894750; 110.638472Coordinates: 6°53′41.1″S 110°38′18.5″E / 6.894750°S 110.638472°E / -6.894750; 110.638472
Country Indonesia
Province Central Java
Establishment 28 March 1503[1]
Capital Demak
Government
 • Regent HM. Natsir
 • Vice Regent Joko Sutanto
Area
 • Total 897.43 km2 (346.50 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,106,328
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 291
Website http://www.demakkab.go.id/

Demak (Javanese: ꦢꦼꦩꦏ꧀) is a regency located in the Indonesian province of Central Java, on northern coast of the island. It is bordered by Jepara regency and the Java Sea to the north, Kudus and Grobogan regencies to the east, Grobogan and Semarang regencies to the south and Semarang to the west. It was the center of the Demak Sultanate, once a dominant power in the region. Due to its strong relation with the spread of Islam in Java and the Wali Sanga, it is sometimes referred to with the nickname Kota Wali.

History[edit]

Precolonial period[edit]

The area was a part of the Majapahit Empire during its zenith around the 14th century. The city itself was founded sometime in the late fifteenth century, possibly by a Chinese whose descendant later became the Sultans of Demak. The first Sultan was known as Raden Patah, who was a vassal of Majapahit until 1478.[3] The city was founded as a seaport, next to the now-nonexistent Muria Palaeostrait separating Java from Muria Island (now Mount Muria), although silting has now entirely turned the waterway into land.[4] The Sultanate expanded in the expense of the declining Majapahit and its fragments, conquering the coastal region of Tuban around 1527 and reaching inland areas as far as Malang by 1546.[3] As the capital, the city became an important center for trade and the spread of Islam across the island, and a base of the semi-apocryphal Wali Sanga. Upon the decline of the Sultanate, the region was conquered in turn by the Pajang and Mataram Sultanates.[5] The seaport began to silt sometime in the 17th century, diminishing the region's importance as a seaport.

Semarang Residency in 1889. Demak is the area with the coastline facing northwest towards the Java Sea.

Dutch East Indies Era[edit]

Direct VOC presence in Java started upon their capture of Jayakarta (now Jakarta, then Batavia) on 1619. In the 18th century, a massacre of ethnic Chinese in Batavia triggered a war between VOC and Mataram, resulting in the latter's defeat and cession of the north coast of Java, including Demak, to VOC.[6] Upon the latter's dissolution on late 1799, administration of the area along with the rest of VOC's territory was transferred to the Dutch Government while Mataram was reduced to several fragmented states in the south coast of Java, including Yogyakarta and Surakarta.

As part of Dutch East Indies, Demak was organized with nearby Semarang into Residentie Semarang as the Demak Regency[7] and later into Central Java province upon the independence of Indonesia.

Economy[edit]

In 2014, the gross regional domestic product of the regency was Rp 14.078 trillion (US$1.133 billion) or Rp 12.73 million per capita (US$1025),[8]:369 with the agriculture and manufacturing sectors being the largest contributors. Rice is the most important agricultural produce, with 608,532 tons harvested in 2016 from 69,975 hectares of cultivated land.[8]:212

A 300-hectare industrial park is currently under construction, aimed to boost investment in the regency.[9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The regency is subdivided into 14 kecamatan (subdistrict) and further into 243 desa (village) and 6 kelurahan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanaf, Rival (29 March 2017). "Peringati Hari Jadi, Bupati Ajak Seluruh Elemen Laksanakan Lima Program Unggulan Demak" (in Indonesian). Tribunnews Jateng. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Penduduk Kabupaten Demak Tahun 2014". BPS Kabupaten Demak (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Ricklefs, M.C. (2008). A History of Modern Indonesia since C.1200. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 38–39. 
  4. ^ Sunarto (2006). "Geomorphological Development of the Muria Palaeostrait in Relation to the Morphodynamics of the Wulan Delta, Central Java". Indonesian Journal of Geography. 
  5. ^ Soekmono, R. (1981). Pengantar sejarah kebudayaan Indonesia 3 (in Indonesian) (Edisi 3. ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. ISBN 9789794132913. 
  6. ^ Setiono, Benny G. (2008). Tionghoa Dalam Pusaran Politik (in Indonesian). Jakarta: TransMedia. p. 161. ISBN 9789797990527. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  7. ^ Cribb, Robert. "Administrative divisions in Central Java, 1931". Digital Atlas of Indonesian History. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Demak in Figures 2017" (PDF). BPS Kabupaten Demak (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  9. ^ Oktaviane, Dwi (24 July 2017). "Demak bangun kawasan industri, siap layani investor" (in Indonesian). Tempo. Retrieved 18 August 2017.