Democracy & Nature

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Democracy & Nature : The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy  
Democracy & Nature's front cover.jpg
Former names
Society & Nature
Abbreviated title (ISO 4)
Democr. Nat.
Discipline Political science
Language English
Edited by Takis Fotopoulos
Publication details
Aigis Publications, Taylor & Francis (United Kingdom)
Publication history
Frequency Triannual
ISSN 1085-5661 (print)
1469-3720 (web)
LCCN 96640829
OCLC no. 33396638

Democracy & Nature was a theoretical academic journal established in 1992 by Takis Fotopoulos as Society and Nature, obtaining its later name in 1995.[1] Four volumes of three issues each were released by Aigis Publications from 1992 to 1999.[2] From 1999 to 2003, five more volumes were released by Taylor & Francis.[3] Publication ceased at the end of 2003, after which Fotopoulos established a new journal, The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy.[4]


Democracy & Nature‍‍ '​‍s stated aim was to be a forum for a "new conception of democracy", given the name Inclusive Democracy in 1997. While maintaining that core function, the journal expanded to include coverage of a spectrum of radical alternative views.[5]


The journal organized each issue around a central theme, including "The Philosophy of Ecology", "Nationalism and the New World Order", "The Expansion of the South", "Democracy and Liberalism", "Mass Media, Culture and Democracy", "Marx versus Proudhon", "Postmodernism and the Democratic Project", "The 'War' against Terrorism", "Education, Paideia and Democracy", and "The Inclusive Democracy Project: Six Years On".

Political orientation[edit]

In the editorial of the first issue of the journal it is stated that the ambition of the journal would be "to initiate an urgently needed dialogue on the crucial question of developing a new liberatory social project, at a moment in History when the Left has abandoned this traditional role" and specified that the new project should be seen as the outcome of a synthesis of the democratic, libertarian socialist and radical Green traditions.[6] It was out of this theoretical work and the dialogue which developed in the journal between 1992 and 1997 that the Inclusive Democracy project was born.[7] Topics presented explored the relationship between the specific form of society aimed at, democracy, and nature in the course of developing a liberatory project for a direct, economic and ecological democracy such as: communalism, sovereignty, liberalism.[8][9][10] The journal published theoretical articles by some of the main names of the international left including Murray Bookchin, Cornelius Castoriadis, James O'Connor (academic), Noam Chomsky, Arne Næss, Carl Boggs,[11] Ward Churchill, Andre Gunder Frank, Ted Trainer, Val Plumwood, Arran Gare, Steven Best, Douglas Kellner, Peter McLaren, Serge Latouche, and Takis Fotopoulos.

Abstracting and indexing[edit]

The journal was abstracted and indexed in EBSCO databases (Alternative Press Index, Political Science Complete,[12] and Academic Search Premier/Complete)[13] and International Political Science Abstracts.


  1. ^ “Society and Nature (1992-1995),” Institute for Social Ecology (August 2nd, 2010). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Democracy and Nature Vol 3, No 3," Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Democracy & Nature," Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  4. ^ The Editorial Committee ”Editorial,” The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy, Vol.1, No.1 (October 2004). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  5. ^ “Why 'Democracy & Nature'?,” Democracy and Nature, Vol. 3, No. 2, issue 8 (1995). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  6. ^ Takis Fotopoulos "Editorial" Democracy & Nature, Vol.9, No.3 November 2003).
  7. ^ See "The Inclusive Democracy project – six years on", Democracy & Nature, The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy Vol. 9, No. 3 (November 2003), in which several of the journal's contributors discuss the significance of the ID project that was first presented in this journal, before the publication of Takis Fotopoulos' Towards An Inclusive Democracy. The Crisis of the Growth Economy and the Need for a New Liberatory Project (London/New York: Cassell Continuum, 1997).
  8. ^ See e.g. Murray Bookchin, "Communalism: The democratic dimension of anarchism", Democracy & Nature, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Issue 8, 1995), pp. 1-17.
  9. ^ Thomas S. Martin, "The end of sovereignty", Democracy & Nature, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Issue 8, 1995), pp. 97-112.
  10. ^ William McKercher, "Liberalism as democracy", Democracy & Nature, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Issue 8, 1995), pp. 113-156.
  11. ^ Professor of Social Sciences at National University in Los Angeles, Adjunct Professor at Antioch University in Los Angeles. Biography and some of his writings on US Militarism, Imperialism and Popular Culture.
  12. ^ "DEMOCRACY AND NATURE - 1085-5661". Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals. MIAR. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  13. ^ "Academic Search Complete: Magazines and Journals". EBSCO Information Services. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 

External links[edit]