Democratic Convergence of Catalonia
|Democratic Convergence of Catalonia|
|Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya|
|President||Artur Mas i Gavarró|
|Secretary||Josep Rull i Andreu, Lluís Corominas i Díaz|
|Founded||17 November 1974|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Politics of Spain
The Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (Catalan: Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya, CDC; IPA: [kumbərˈʒɛnsiə ðəmuˈkɾatikə ðə kətəˈɫuɲə]) is a liberal and regionalist political party in Catalonia (Spain). Together with the Democratic Union of Catalonia, they formed the Convergence and Union (CiU) coalition until its breakup, in June 2015. CDC is affiliated with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party and with the Liberal International. Between the early 1980s and early 2000s, it was the main ruling party in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia. Jordi Pujol i Soley was regional president of Catalonia for 23 years. Artur Mas i Gavarró is the leader of CDC. After spending 7 years in opposition, it returned to power in the 2010 parliamentary elections.
It is the largest political organization in the autonomous community of Catalonia (Spain), with more than 60,000 members.
It describes itself as Catalan nationalist, and takes more or less the position of a centre social liberal party in Catalan politics. During the decade of the late 70s and 80s it claimed a social-democratic strand within its ranks, namely personified in militants such as Ramon Trias Fargas or Miquel Sellarès.
Ideology and policies
CDC is usually considered as a Catalan nationalist party; this is also the term it uses to describe itself. The Spanish media perceive it as a moderate nationalist force. However, CDC has a current which advocated Catalan independence from Spain. This current has grown stronger after 2006. The main exponents of the independentist current within CDC are Felip Puig, Oriol Pujol, David Madí, and Àngel Colom. The party's president Artur Mas has stated he would vote in favor of Catalan independence in a theoretical referendum of independence, but he added this would not be his official policy if elected as President of Catalonia.
- Dowling, Andrew (2005), "Convergència i Unió, Catalonia and the new Catalanism", The Politics of Contemporary Spain (Rotledge): 106
- Ramiro, Luis; Morales, Laura (2007), "European integration and Spanish parties: Elite empowerment amidst limited adaptation", The Europeanization of National Political Parties: Power and organizational adaptation (Routledge): 145
- "Parties and Elections in Europe, "Spain", The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck". Parties & Elections. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (English) (Catalan)