Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians
Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians
Демократска заједница војвођанских Мађара
Demokratska zajednica vojvođanskih Mađara
|Hungarian name||Vajdasági Magyarok Demokratikus Közössége|
Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians (Hungarian: Vajdasági Magyarok Demokratikus Közössége (VMDK), Serbian: Демократска заједница војвођанских Мађара (ДЗВМ), Demokratska zajednica vojvođanskih Mađara (DZVM)) is an ethnic Hungarian political party in Serbia. Established in 1990, it was led by András Ágoston and then by Sándor Páll until his death in 2010. Current party leader is Áron Csonka. The party's headquarters are in Bečej.
VMDK was the first party of the Hungarian minority in Serbia, and it had MPs in several compositions of the National Assembly of Serbia during the 1990s. However, the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians took the primate among Hungarian voters in 1997, and VMDK has seen only sporadic participation in the National Assembly and the Parliament of Vojvodina since.
On 19 December 1989, in the eve of multi-party system in Serbia, a group of 11 activists started an initiative for creation of an authentic organization of Hungarians in Serbia. Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians was formed on 31 March 1990 in Doroslovo, a village in northern Vojvodina. Its first leader was András Ágoston. On the first post-communist parliamentary elections in Serbia held the same year, they won 2.64% of the vote, earning 8 seats in the National Assembly.
Amidst the growing ethnic tensions, the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s and pressure from Serbian nationalism, the party radicalized their program and demanded a strong autonomy for Hungarians in Serbia, similar to ones sought by Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia at the time. Since the new course was perceived as too radical, several parties split from VMDK in 1994, and the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians went off to become the dominant party among Serbian Hungarians. In 1997, Ágoston left the VMDK, forming the Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians. Sándor Páll took over as the president of VMDK, but the party has never regained its previous influence.
Participation in elections
In the 1997 parliamentary elections, the party won 1.5% of the popular vote, but no seats in the National Assembly. The majority of Hungarian votes went to the newly formed Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, which would remain the major Hungarian political party in Serbia to this day.
In the 2014 elections, the party did not participate. In the 2016 elections, they formed a coalition with the Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians, but it did not participate in the state elections, opting instead only for municipal and provincial elections in Vojvodina.
In the provincial elections in Vojvodina in 2008, the party was part of the Hungarian Coalition, which won 7% of votes in the first election round.
In the provincial elections in Vojvodina in 2012, the party was part of the All Together coalition, which won 0.47% of votes in the first election round and which won no seats in the provincial parliament.
In the local elections in Serbia in 2008, the party was part of the Hungarian Coalition, which won the majority of votes in Kanjiža (50.91%), as well as plurality of votes in Senta (31.87%), Bačka Topola (46.25%), Mali Iđoš (37.18%), and Bečej (29.63%).
In the local elections in Serbia in 2012, the party was part of the All Together coalition, which did not won the plurality of votes in any municipality in Vojvodina.
- "Agošton se povlači iz politike". Vajdaság Ma. 19 December 2012.
- Robert Thomas (January 1999). Serbia Under Milošević: Politics in the 1990s. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-1-85065-341-7.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 1990". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- Vera Stojarová; Peter Emerson (2 October 2013). Party Politics in the Western Balkans. Routledge. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-1-135-23585-7.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 1992". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 1993". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 1997". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 2000". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 2003". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 2008". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 2012". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Kako smo glasali: Izbori 2014". Vreme. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Mađarski pokret i DZVM: Mi smo alternativa SVM-u". RTS. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-17.