Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland

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Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland
Chosŏn'gŭl 조국통일민주주의전선
Hancha 祖國統一民主主義
Revised Romanization Joguk tong(-)il minju juui jeonseon
McCune–Reischauer Choguk t'ongil minju chuŭi chŏnsŏn
Emblem of North Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland (DFRF; also known as the Fatherland Front), formed on 22 July 1946,[1] is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK). It was initially called the North Korean Fatherland United Democratic Front.[2]

The three political parties of North Korea—the WPK, the Korean Social Democratic Party, and the Chondoist Chongu Party—all participate in the front.[citation needed] The four most important mass organizations—the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League, Socialist Women's Union of Korea, General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, and Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea—are also members.[3][4] The Young Pioneer Corps is also a member.[5]

In practice, only the WPK holds any real power at the national level. The two minor parties in the front are completely subservient to the WPK, and serve merely to keep up the appearance of pluralism. Indeed, virtually nothing about their activities is reported in the press beyond the names of their leaders. All of the parties and their leaders are mere puppets of the regime, having jettisoned their ideology to become loyal partners to the workers' party.[6]

All candidates for elective office must be members of the front, and are elected by it; mass meetings are held to decide which candidates will be nominated and their names can go on the ballot paper only with the approval of the meeting.[7]

There is an ostensible South Korean counterpart for the DFRF, known as the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front, which operates in North Korea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". Naenara.kp. 2004. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. 
  2. ^ Andrei N. Lankov (2001). "The Demise of Non-Communist Parties in North Korea (1945–1960)". jhu.edu. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Scalapino, Robert A.; Chun-yŏp Kim (1983). North Korea Today: Strategic and Domestic Issues. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Korean Studies. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-912966-55-7. 
  4. ^ Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. Singapore: CQ Press. p. 3330. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9. 
  5. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". Encyclopedia of the Nations. Retrieved 31 August 2006. 
  6. ^ Andrea Matles Savada, ed. (1993). "North Korea: A country study - Mass Organizations". Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (PDF). Constitutional and Parliamentary Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2006.