Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland

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Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland
Chosŏn'gŭl
조국통일민주주의전선
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoguk tong(-)il minju juui jeonseon
McCune–ReischauerChoguk t'ongil minju chuŭi chŏnsŏn
Emblem of North Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea

The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland (DFRF; also known as the Fatherland Front), formed on 22 July 1946,[1] is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK). It was initially called the North Korean Fatherland United Democratic Front.[2]

The three political parties of North Korea—the WPK, the Korean Social Democratic Party, and the Chondoist Chongu Party—all participate in the front.[3] The four most important mass organizations—the Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League, Socialist Women's Union of Korea, General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea, and Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea—are also members.[4][5] The Young Pioneer Corps is also a member.[6] By the 1970s, more than 70 parties and mass organizations, from both the North and the South, comprised the front.[7]

All candidates for elective office must be members of the front, and are elected by it; mass meetings are held to decide which candidates will be nominated and their names can go on the ballot paper only with the approval of the meeting.[8] In practice, however, the minor parties and mass organizations in the front are completely subservient to the WPK.[9] The WPK is thus able to predetermine the composition of the Supreme People's Assembly.

There is an ostensible South Korean counterpart for the DFRF, known as the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front, which operates in North Korea.

Members[edit]

Political parties[edit]

Organization Emblem Foundation Seats in the SPA (2014) Ref
Workers' Party of Korea WPK symbol.svg 29 July 1946 670 [10][11]
Korean Social Democratic Party Emblem of Korean Social Democratic Party.svg 3 November 1945 50 [12][11]
Chondoist Chongu Party Cheondoism flag.svg 18 February 1946 22 [13][11]

Other organizations[edit]

Organization Emblem Foundation Ref
Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League Emblem of KSYL.svg 17 January 1946 [14]
Socialist Women's Union of Korea Korean Women's League logo.svg 18 November 1945 [15]
General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea 朝鮮職業總同盟logo of GFTUK.png 30 November 1945 [16]
Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea 31 January 1946 [16]
Korean Children's Union Emblem of Korean Youth Corps.svg 6 June 1946 [17]

Electoral history[edit]

Supreme People's Assembly[edit]

Election year Turnout Seats
1948 99.97%
572 / 572
1957 99.99%
215 / 215
1962 100%
383 / 383
1967 100%
457 / 457
1972 100%
541 / 541
1977 100%
579 / 579
1982 100%
615 / 615
1986 100%
655 / 655
1990 99.78%
687 / 687
1998 99.85%
687 / 687
2003 99.9%
687 / 687
2009 99.98%
687 / 687
2014 99.97%
687 / 687

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". Naenara.kp. 2004. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008.
  2. ^ Andrei N. Lankov (2001). "The Demise of Non-Communist Parties in North Korea (1945–1960)". jhu.edu. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland". An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Marxism, Socialism and Communism: Economic, Philosophical, Political and Sociological Theories, Concepts, Institutions and Practices. Macmillan International Higher Education. 1981. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-349-05806-8.
  4. ^ Scalapino, Robert A.; Chun-yŏp Kim (1983). North Korea Today: Strategic and Domestic Issues. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Korean Studies. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-912966-55-7.
  5. ^ Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. Singapore: CQ Press. p. 3330. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  6. ^ "Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (DPRK) - Organizations". Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  7. ^ "Korea". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). 1970–1979. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  8. ^ "The Parliamentary System of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (PDF). Constitutional and Parliamentary Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2006.
  9. ^ Savada, Andrea Matles. "Mass Organizations." North Korea: A country study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1993.
  10. ^ Lanʹkov, Andreĭ Nikolaevich (2002). From Stalin to Kim Il Song: The Formation of North Korea, 1945-1960. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-85065-563-3.
  11. ^ a b c "IPU PARLINE Database: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui". Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  12. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 1128.
  13. ^ Tertitskiy, Fyodor (26 November 2014). "Being a minor party in the North: In a totalitarian regime, what do N. Korea's other political blocs do?". NK News. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  14. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 391.
  15. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 390.
  16. ^ a b North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 389.
  17. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 929.

Works cited[edit]