Francophone Democratic Federalists

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Francophone Democratic Federalists
Fédéralistes Démocrates Francophones
President Olivier Maingain
Founded 11 May 1964
Headquarters Chaussée de Charleroi 127
1060 Brussels
Ideology Interests of French speakers in Brussels
Political position Centre-right[1]
National affiliation Reformist Movement (2002–11)
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
European Parliament group No MEPs
Colours      Amaranth
Chamber of Representatives
(French-speaking seats)
2 / 63
(French-speaking seats)
0 / 24
Walloon Parliament
0 / 75
Parliament of the French Community
2 / 94
Brussels Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
12 / 72
European Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
0 / 8
Politics of Belgium
Political parties

The Francophone Democratic Federalists (French: Fédéralistes Démocrates Francophones, FDF) is a regionalist[2][3] and liberal[1] political party in Belgium whose aim is expansion of the linguistic rights of French-speakers.[4][5]

The party is led by Olivier Maingain, a member of the Chamber of Representatives.

The FDF was founded on 11 May 1964 and dominated Brussels' municipal politics until 1982. Before 2010 the party was known as the Democratic Front of Francophones (French: Front Démocratique des Francophones).[6][7]

At the national level, the FDF was a member of the Reformist Movement (MR), an alliance of Francophone liberal parties from 2002 until 2011, when it decided to leave the coalition over disagreements with MR president Charles Michel on the agreement concerning the splitting of the Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde district during the 2010–2011 Belgian government formation.[8]


The party advocates the extension of the bilingual status of Brussels to some municipalities around Brussels (in Flemish Brabant, Flemish Region), where a majority of the population is French-speaking, but the official language is Dutch, and pushes for the rights of French-speakers in Flemish municipalities to use French instead of Dutch in dealing with Dutch-speaking officials. Both stances are opposed by Flemish parties, who say that French-speaking residents of the Flemish Region should respect and learn the majority language and argue that the Francization of Brussels should not further itself into the Region.


  1. ^ a b Collectif; Petit Futé,; Dominique Auzias; Jean-Paul Labourdette (25 February 2014). Belgique 2014 Petit Futé (avec cartes, photos + avis des lecteurs). Petit Futé. p. 42. ISBN 978-2-7469-7123-3. 
  2. ^ Régis Dandoy; Arjan Schakel (19 November 2013). Regional and National Elections in Western Europe: Territoriality of the Vote in Thirteen Countries. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-137-02544-9. 
  3. ^ Peter Starke; Alexandra Kaasch; Franca Van Hooren (7 May 2013). The Welfare State as Crisis Manager: Explaining the Diversity of Policy Responses to Economic Crisis. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-137-31484-0. 
  4. ^ Paul F. State (27 July 2004). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Scarecrow Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-8108-6555-6. 
  5. ^ Martin BUXANT; Steven SAMYN (5 May 2011). Belgique, un roi sans pays. EDI8 - PLON. p. 93. ISBN 978-2-259-21505-3. 
  6. ^ Philippe de Riemaecker (1 January 2013). Quand les singes se prennent pour des dieux. Editions Publibook. p. 212. ISBN 978-2-7483-9789-5. 
  7. ^ Els Witte (2009). Political History of Belgium: From 1830 Onwards. Asp / Vubpress / Upa. p. 372. ISBN 978-90-5487-517-8. 
  8. ^ "FDF almost unanimously votes in favour of split with MR" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2011-09-25. 

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