Democratic Government of Albania

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Democratic Government of Albania
Qeveria Demokratike e Shqipërisë
1944–1946


Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Ti Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqipëtar
"You Albania, give me honour, give me the name Albanian"
 •
Proletarë të të gjitha vendeve, bashkohuni!
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
Anthem
Himni i Flamurit
"Hymn to the Flag"
Capital Tirana
Languages Albanian
Government Provisional Government
Chairman
 •  1944–1946 Omer Nishani
Prime Minister
 •  1944–1946 Enver Hoxha
Legislature Constituent Assembly
Historical era World War II / Cold War
 •  Establishment 20 October 1944
 •  Republic proclaimed 10 January 1946
Currency Franga
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Albanian Kingdom (1943–1944)
People's Republic of Albania

The Democratic Government of Albania (Albanian: Qeveria Demokratike e Shqipërisë) was established on 20 October 1944 by the National Liberation Movement, as the Albanian partisan resistance of 1940–1944 came to a close. A Provisional government took power after the liberation of the country from German forces on 28 November. Its interim Prime Minister was Secretary-General Enver Hoxha of the Communist Party of Albania. The interim government was to be in existence until the holding of democratic elections and the convening of a Constituent Assembly.

The government was led by the National Liberation Movement, which in turn was dominated by the Communist Party. From the outset, the Democratic Government was an out-and-out Communist dictatorship. It sidelined the nationalist Balli Kombëtar, a task made somewhat easier by its collaboration with the Nazis. King Zog I was dethroned, and the LNC quickly established fraternal relationships with other socialist countries.

Elections were held on 2 December 1945. By this time, the LNC had transformed itself into the Democratic Front of Albania, which was the only organization to contest the election. On 10 January 1946 the People's Republic of Albania was proclaimed.

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