Democratic Left (Greece)
|Founded||27 June 2010|
|Merged into||Movement for Change|
|Headquarters||Plateia Viktorias 5,|
10 434 Athens
|Political position||Centre-left to left-wing|
|National affiliation||Democratic Coalition|
|European Parliament group||No MEPS|
1 / 300Within the Democratic Coalition Parliamentary Group
0 / 22
31 / 725
Democratic Left (Greek: Δημοκρατική Αριστερά (ΔΗΜ.ΑΡ.), Dimokratiki Aristera, DIMAR) is a social-democratic political party in Greece. DIMAR was a minority party supporting the Samaras cabinet from 21 June 2012 to 21 June 2013.
DIMAR was founded on 27 June 2010 when the Renewal Wing platform of the left-wing party Synaspismós, a component of the Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza)—among them MPs Fotis Kouvelis, Thanasis Leventis, Nikos Tsoukalis, and Grigoris Psarianos—exited Synaspismós at its 6th congress. They were joined by more than 550 individuals. At a subsequent national conference of the Renewal Wing, 170 members were elected to national policy committee of the new party.
On 22 March 2012, six MPs from the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) joined the party, which raised the number of Democratic Left MPs to 10, the party was eligible to form a parliamentary group. The minor party Free Citizens also joined the Democratic Left on 22 March 2012.
2012 elections and governing coalition
In the May 2012 legislative election DIMAR received 386,116 votes (6.1%) and elected 19 MPs in the Greek Parliament, making it the seventh biggest party in the Hellenic Parliament. In the June 2012 legislative election, the DIMAR won 6.3% of the vote and 17 seats, making it the sixth largest party by seat count. It joined the Samaras cabinet with New Democracy (ND) and PASOK.
In November 2012, the party decided to vote abstained/present to the labor market reform and "Midterm fiscal plan 2013-16" as part of the sixth austerity package negotiated with the Troika, while they cast a supportive vote for the "Fiscal budget 2013". As the party did not vote directly against the crucial reforms, it was afterwords possible to continue being a part of the three-party coalition government with New Democracy and PASOK. Following this political line however came at the price. Three of its MPs voted against the party line on the reforms, and consequently were asked to leave the party, thus reducing the party's number of MPs from 17 to 14. Democratic Left’s political charter has no paragraphs enabling for the exclusion of MPs from the party, but the three MPs being asked to leave were expected to follow the request, as they fundamentally disagreed with the party's political line.
In April 2013, two former Democratic Left MPs, Odysseas Voudouris and Paris Moutsinas, were expelled from DIMAR's parliamentary group after having voted against the coalition government's seventh austerity package. They announced to form a new party, stating in a letter to party leader Fotis Kouvelis that their former party had "mutated" into a centrist one.
Back in opposition
On 21 June 2013, DIMAR left the governing coalition with ND and PASOK in protest of the unilateral closure of the state broadcasting corporation, Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) which was opposed by both DIMAR and PASOK. The withdrawal left Samaras with a tiny majority with 153 New Democracy/PASOK MPs.
In the 2014 European elections on 25 May 2014, DIMAR's vote collapsed, with the party receiving less than one fifth of the popular support it had in the national elections two years before (1.20%, down from 6.25%) and failing to win any seats in the European Parliament.
2015 legislative elections
On 4 January 2015 DIMAR announced it would contest the upcoming election in cooperation with the Greens. In the 25 January 2015 legislative election, the joint electoral list received a mere 0.49% of the vote, thus failing to return any DIMAR MPs to the Hellenic Parliament.
19 / 300
17 / 300
0 / 300
|17||#13||No seats||Fotis Kouvelis|
|09/2015||w. Democratic Coalition||
1 / 300
0 / 21
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Greece". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- Richard Clogg (2013). A Concise History of Greece. Cambridge University Press. p. 259. ISBN 978-1-107-03289-7.
- Eleni Panagiotarea (2013). Greece in the Euro: Economic Delinquency or System Failure?. ECPR Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-907301-53-7.
- Bettina Davou; Nicolas Demertzis (2013). "Feeling the Greek Financial Crisis". In Nicolas Demertzis. Emotions in Politics: The Affect Dimension in Political Tension. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-137-02566-1.
- Gilson, George (18 December 2011), "The rise of the left", Athens News, archived from the original on 4 June 2012, retrieved 25 February 2012
- Mac Con Uladh, Damian (3 November 2011), "Where Greece stands", Irish Times, retrieved 15 March 2012
- Malkoutzis, Nick (November 2011), The Greek Crisis and the Politics of Uncertainty (PDF), Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, retrieved 15 March 2012
- Claudia Wiesner; Mieke Schmidt-Gleim (2014). The Meanings of Europe: Changes and Exchanges of a Contested Concept. Routledge. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-134-45845-5.
- Erol Külahci (2012). Europeanisation and Party Politics: How the EU affects Domestic Actors, Patterns and Systems. ECPR Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-907301-22-3.
- The counselors of the Regions.
- "Syriza split creates new party", Kathimerini English Edition, 10 June 2010.
- ""Δημοκρατική Αριστερά" με κριτική προς όλους - Έντυπη Έκδοση - Έντυπη Έκδοση Ελευθεροτυπίας". www.enet.gr. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- "Εκλογή Κουβέλη στην προεδρία της Δημοκρατικής Αριστεράς (Kouvelis elected president of Democratic Left)" (in Greek). Kathimerini. 3 April 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012.
- "Στη ΔΗΜΑΡ, 6 πρώην βουλευτές του ΠΑΣΟΚ (6 ex-PASOK MP's to DIMAR)" (in Greek). Eleftheros Typos. 20 March 2012.
- "Arrival of new MPs gives Democratic Left parliamentary group". Kathimerini. 22 March 2012.
- "Greek Parliament passes new austerity package with tiny majority". Kathimerini (English edition). 8 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Ναι" στο πολυνομοσχέδιο από τη Βουλή (in Greek). Kathimerini. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Greek coalition wins budget vote comfortably, waits for loan tranche". Kathimerini (English edition). 12 November 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "Democratic Left MP leaves party, goes independent". Athens24.com. 23 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "Upheaval in coalition parties after departures". Kathimerini (English edition). 8 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- "Small majority for austerity raises big doubts (in English)". Athens News. 24 March 2013. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- "Former Democratic Left MPs announce new movement". enetenglish.gr. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
- Smith, Helena (21 June 2013). "Democratic Left withdraws from Greek coalition government". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Greece coalition partner pulls out ministers in wake of ERT debacle [update] - Kathimerini". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- ""Πράσινοι - Δημοκρατική Αριστερά" το ψηφοδέλτιο της ΔΗΜΑΡ". 4 January 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-26. Retrieved 2015-01-26.
- "PASOK seals vote pact with DIMAR - Kathimerini". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- "PASOK and DIMAR Cooperation in Greek Elections - GreekReporter.com". greece.greekreporter.com. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- "Greek Elections: Official Final Results - GreekReporter.com". greece.greekreporter.com. Retrieved 15 December 2017.