Liberal Democratic Party (Italy)

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Liberal Democratic Party
Partito Liberale Democratico
Founder Vittorio Emanuele Orlando
Francesco Saverio Nitti
Founded 1919 (1919) (as LDR)
1921 (1921) (as PLD)
Dissolved 1926 (1926)
Split from Liberal Union
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Ideology Radicalism
Progressivism
Social liberalism
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation National List (1924–26)

The Liberal Democratic Party (Italian: Partito Liberale Democratico, PLD) was a social-liberal political party active in Italy in the first decades of the 20th century. Initially, the party was an alliance between progressive liberals, called Liberals–Democrats–Radicals.

History[edit]

The Liberals–Democrats–Radicals alliance was formed for the 1919 general election. It came third after the Socialist Party and the People's Party, with 15.9% and 96 seats, doing particularly well in Piedmont and Southern Italy, especially in Sicily, the home-region of party's leader and former Prime Minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando.[1]

The Liberal Democratic Party was formed for the 1921 general election by the union of the individual politicians, most of whom had taken part to the joint lists between the Radicals and the Liberals in many single-seat constituencies of the country in 1919, gaining 16.0% of the vote and 96 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. In 1921 the PLD gained 10.5% of the vote and 68 seats, doing particularly well in Piedmont and Southern Italy.[2]

After World War II former Radicals and Democrats led by Francesco Saverio Nitti joined the National Democratic Union alongside Liberals and other elements of the old Liberal elite that governed Italy from the years of Giovanni Giolitti until the rise of Benito Mussolini and the instauration of the Fascist regime.

Ideology[edit]

The Democratic Liberal Party was the expression of the Italian liberalism and the middle class, like cities' bourgeoisie, small business owners and artisans. There was also a main group of Radicals, that supported an universal suffrage and the public school for all children.

Electoral results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1919 904,195 (#3) 15.9
96 / 535
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando
1921 684,855 (#4) 10.4
68 / 535
Decrease 28
Francesco Saverio Nitti
1924 157,932 (#8) 2.2
14 / 508
Decrease 54
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009
  2. ^ Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009