Democratic National Rally

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Democratic National Rally

التجمع الوطني الديموقراطي
Rassemblement National Democratique
Secretary-GeneralAzzedine Mihoubi
Founded21 February 1997
HeadquartersLes Asphodèles 10, Ben Aknoun, Algiers
Youth wingRND Youth
IdeologyPopulism
Liberalism
Political positionCentre to centre-right
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
ColorsGreen, Red
         
People's National Assembly
100 / 462
Website
www.rnd-dz.com

The Democratic National Rally (Arabic: التجمع الوطني الديمقراطي‎, French: Rassemblement National Démocratique, thus RND) is a political party in Algeria. It is led by Ahmed Ouyahia. The party held its Second Congress on 15–17 May 2003.[1]

History[edit]

The RND was founded on 21 February 1997 in the midst of the Algerian Civil War for supporters of Liamine Zéroual, former head of ground forces of the Algerian military who had been elected president less than two years earlier (16 November 1995). Zéroual had run as an independent and won 60% of votes cast. In the Algerian Parliamentary elections held on 5 June 1997 the NRD received more votes than any other party 156 out of 380 seats. In the next parliamentary elections five years later it came in third polling only 9.5% of the vote, winning 47 of 380 seats in the Algerian Parliament. In the 2007 election it obtained 10.33% of the vote and 61 seats out of the 389 seats. It is part of the presidential alliance, a three party political alliance created in 2005, the other two parties being the former single legal party, National Liberation Front (FLN) and the Movement for the Society of Peace (Hamas).

The Georgetown University Berkley Center describes the RND as having "replaced" the FLN as the Algerian "state party" temporarily for the 1995 and 1997 elections "after the FLN was defeated by the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the 1991-1992 national legislative elections". That election was canceled by a military coup and the civil war that followed killed as many 200,000 Algerians,[2] but once the Islamist insurgents were pacified to a large degree, the "FLN regained its place as the majority and ruling party".[3]

RND Secretary-General Ahmed Ouyahia was appointed as prime minister on 23 June 2008.[4]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Candidate Votes % Result
2004 Abdelaziz Bouteflika 8,651,723 84.99% Elected Green tickY
2019 Azzedine Mihoubi 617,753 7.26% Lost Red XN

People's National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
1997 Ahmed Ouyahia 3,533,434 33.7%
156 / 380
Increase 156 Increase 1st
2002 Ahmed Ouyahia 610,461 8.2%
47 / 389
Decrease 109 Decrease 3rd
2007 Ahmed Ouyahia 591,310 10.33%
61 / 386
Increase 14 Increase 2nd
2012 Ahmed Ouyahia 524,057 6.86%
68 / 462
Increase 7 Steady 2nd
2017 Ahmed Ouyahia 964,560 14.91%
100 / 462
Increase 32 Steady 2nd

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RND - Historique" Archived 7 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, RND website, 10 October 2006 (in French).
  2. ^ Ajami, Fouad (27 January 2010). "The Furrows of Algeria". New Republic. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  3. ^ "National Rally for Democracy (RND)". Berkley Center. Archived from the original on 19 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Ahmed Ouyahia Secrétaire Général du RND Chef du Gouvernement" Archived 1 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine, RND website, 24 June 2008 (in French).