Democratic Party (Cyprus)

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Democratic Party
Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα
Abbreviation DIKO
Leader Nikolas Papadopoulos
Founder Spyros Kyprianou
Founded 12 May 1976
Split from United Party[1]
Headquarters Nicosia, Cyprus
Ideology Greek Cypriot nationalism[2]
Political position Centre[3] to centre-right[4][5]
European affiliation None
International affiliation Progressive Alliance[6][7]
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours          Blue, Orange
House of Representatives
9 / 56
European Parliament
1 / 6
Municipal Councils
74 / 470

The Democratic Party (Greek: Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα (ΔΗΚΟ), Dimokratikó Kómma (DIKO)) is a centrist[3] political party in Cyprus founded in 1976 by Spyros Kyprianou.[8][9]


As stated in its founding declaration, the Democratic Party proposes the political philosophy of "social centrism", which constitutes "a total of attributes and values that offer in the state social cohesion, political prospect, improvement of terms of life and development of human culture, that should be shared between the entire population and not only between the privileged teams of the population". In June 2003, DIKO announced it was moving away from its traditional centre-right political positioning.[10] The party has developed a strict and hardline stance on the Cyprus problem and strongly opposed the Annan plan in 2004. The party also supports European integration and supports a non-aligned foreign policy, even though it showed support for Cyprus joining NATO's Partnership for Peace. The party opposes both Enosis and a federal solution, supporting a strongly unified state based on the London-Zurich agreements including the 13 Amendments proposed by Makarios.

From 2000 to 2006, the party was led by Tassos Papadopoulos, who was President of Cyprus from 2003 to 2008. Papadopoulos was succeeded as DIKO leader by Marios Garoyian, who was President of the House of Representatives from 2008 to 2011. The party leadership was taken over by Nicolas Papadopoulos, son of Tassos, following an internal ballot in December 2013.[11]

The Democratic Party's traditional third place in legislative elections has allowed to it to assume the balance of power in parliament, where it has alternated between support for the communist Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) and the conservative Democratic Rally (DISY). In the 2011 legislative election, the party won 15.8 percent of the vote and 9 out of 56 seats. The party's decision not to field a candidate in the 2013 presidential election and to back conservative leader Nicos Anastasiades instead was controversial amongst members, and contributed to Marios Garoyian's loss of the leadership to Nicolas Papadopoulos later in the year.[11]

During the Seventh European Parliament, the sole DIKO MEP was attached to the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats group.[12]



  1. ^ Oliver P. Richmond (1998). Mediating in Cyprus: The Cypriot Communities and the United Nations. Frank Cass. pp. xvii. 
  2. ^ Oliver P. Richmond (1998). Mediating in Cyprus: The Cypriot Communities and the United Nations. Frank Cass. pp. 135, 238. 
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Cyprus". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  4. ^ Neofytos Loizides (2012). Transformations of the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot Right: Right-wing Peace-makers?. Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 186. ISBN 9780230338548. 
  5. ^ Nathalie Tocci (2007). Greece, Turkey and Cyprus. European Politic. Oxford University Press. p. 125. 
  6. ^ Το ΔΗ.ΚΟ. συνδέεται με την "Προοδευτική Συμμαχία" (in Greek). Nicosia: Democratic Party. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ Farid Mirbagheri (1 October 2009). Historical Dictionary of Cyprus. Scarecrow Press. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6298-2. 
  9. ^ Peter Loizos (15 June 2008). Iron in the Soul: Displacement, Livelihood and Health in Cyprus. Berghahn Books. pp. 202–. ISBN 978-0-85745-067-8. 
  10. ^ Philip Dew (2005). Doing Business with the Republic of Cyprus. GMB Publishing Ltd. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-905050-54-3. 
  11. ^ a b "Nicolas Papadopoulos elected as leader of DIKO on Cyprus". Kathimerini. Athens. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Brüssel Centre for European Studies (2013). From Reform to Growth. Managing the Economic Crisis in Europe. Eburon Uitgeverij B.V. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-90-5972-751-9. 

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