Democratic Party (Indonesia)

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Democratic Party
Partai Demokrat
Chairman Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Secretary-General Hinca IP Pandjaitan
Founded 9 September 2001; 17 years ago (2001-09-09)
Headquarters Jakarta
Ideology Pancasila[1]
Ballot number 14
DPR Seats
61 / 560
Provincial DPRD Seats
269 / 2,147

The Democratic Party (Indonesian: Partai Demokrat) is a centre-right political party in Indonesia. It was founded on 9 September 2001. Its ideology is based on the Indonesian concept of Pancasila, and identifies as centrist.[2]


The 2001 Special Session of the People's Consultative Assembly which resulted in Megawati Sukarnoputri's election as President of Indonesia caused a vacancy in the position of Vice President. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was one candidate who competed for the Vice Presidency, losing out to Hamzah Haz.

Yudhoyono's supporters saw Yudhoyono's participation in the Vice Presidential election as a sign of his popularity and recognized Yudhoyono's potential as a possible leader for Indonesia. One of these supporters, Vence Rumangkang approached Yudhoyono with the idea of forming a political party to help shore up support for the 2004 Presidential Elections. Yudhoyono approved of the idea and after going the basic concepts left Rumangkang in charge of forming the party.

From 12–19 August 2001, Rumangkang began holding a series meetings to discuss the formation of the Party while holding consultations with Yudhoyono who was now serving as the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security. Yudhoyono personally led the meeting on 19 August and on 20 August 2001, the basic outline of the party was finalized.

On 9 September 2001 (Yudhoyono's 52nd birthday), the formation of Democratic Party was officially declared and on 10 September 2001, it was registered the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. The party also elected Subur Budhisantoso as Party Chairman.


2004 legislative election[edit]

The party won 7.5% share of votes and won 57 out of 560 seats of People's Representative Council in the 2004 legislative election and finished in fifth place overall.

2004 presidential election[edit]

The party nominated Yudhoyono as its presidential candidate with Jusuf Kalla as the vice-presidential candidate. In this, they were also supported by the Crescent Star Party (PBB) and Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI). Yudhoyono and Kalla won the first round of elections in July 2004 with 33.6% of the votes and would go on to win 60.1% in the run-offs and thereby securing Yudhoyono's election as President.

2005 party congress[edit]

In May 2005, the party held its first Party Congress, during which Hadi Utomo was elected as chairman. Nevertheless, the highest authority in the Party remained with Yudhoyono who was elected was Chairman of the Advisory Board (Ketua Dewan Pembina).

2009 legislative election[edit]

The party came first in the 2009 legislative election with 20.9 percent of the votes. It will also be the largest party in the People's Representative Council, with 148 seats, just over one quarter of the total.[4]

2009 presidential election[edit]

Incumbent Yudhoyono won the election, with former Governor of Bank Indonesia, Boediono, as vice-presidential candidate, with a total tally of 60.8% in first round of runoff system election, beating former president, Megawati Sukarnoputri, and incumbent vice president, Jusuf Kalla

2013 extraordinary congress[edit]

After the resignation of Anas Urbaningrum, the party held an extraordinary congress on 30 March 2013 in Bali to fill the chairmanship. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ran unopposed and was unanimously elected after no other party members decided to run.

2014 legislative election[edit]

For the 2014 legislative election, the party set a target of 15% of the national vote, less than its 2009 share. One reason the party expected its vote to fall was that Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono would not able to run for president, having served the two terms allowed for in the Constitution.[1] However, the party won only 10.19%, losing over half of its seats in the legislature.


Graft case[edit]

Muhammad Nazaruddin was dismissed by the Democratic Party's ethics council from his position as party treasurer due to his alleged involvement in a graft case, but he is still a member of the party and a legislator in House of Reprensentatives. Constitutional Court chief, Mahfud MD has said M. Nazaruddin had given S$120,000 ($96,900) to Constitutional Court secretary general Janedri M Gaffar for an unclear reason in 2010. The money was then returned to M. Nazaruddin.[5] At 24 May 2011 Mahfud MD has reported M. Nazaruddin to the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) for allegedly trying to give a court official gratuities.[6]

On 20 April 2012, M. Nazaruddin was found guilty of corruption and sentenced to four years and ten months in prison and fined approximately US$22,000. He was found guilty of accepting over 4.68 billion rupiah in return for helping rig the tenders for an athletes' village built for the Southeast Asian Games in South Sumatra in November 2011.[7]

Nazaruddin was arrested by Interpol in Cartagena, Colombia in August 2011, having fled Indonesia after being named a suspect in the case.[8]

The Nazaruddin scandal was followed by the naming of a number of high-ranking party officials and MPs as suspects in numerous graft cases, the most prominent one included Youth and Sports Minister Andi Mallarangeng which led to his resignation in December 2012 [9] Mallarangeng was named suspect in the same athlete training camp case which had involved Nazaruddin.[citation needed]

Election results[edit]

Legislative election results[edit]

Election Ballot number Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
2004 9
55 / 550
8,455,225 7.45%[10] Increase55 seats, Governing coalition Subur Budhisantoso
2009 31
150 / 560
21,703,137 20.85%[10] Increase95 seats, Governing coalition Hadi Utomo
2014 7
61 / 560
12,728,913 10.19%[11] Decrease89 seats, Opposition Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
2019 14

Presidential election results[edit]

Election Ballot number Candidate Running mate 1st round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome 2nd round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome
2004 4 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Jusuf Kalla 39,838,184 33.57% Runoff 69,266,350 60.62% Elected Green tickY
2009 2 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Boediono 73,874,562 60.80% Elected Green tickY
2014 1 Prabowo Subianto[12] Hatta Rajasa 62,576,444 46.85% Lost Red XN
2019 2 Prabowo Subianto Sandiaga Uno TBD TBD TBD

Note: Bold text suggests the party's member


  1. ^ a b Nainggolan, Bestian; Wahyu, Yohan (2016). Partai Politik Indonesia 1999-2019 (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara. p. 151. ISBN 978-602-412-005-4. 
  2. ^ a b Bulkin, Nadia (24 October 2013). "Indonesia's Political Parties". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 
  3. ^ Jakarta: "Jumlah Kursi & Fraksi DPRD DKI Jakarta Periode 2014-2019" (in Indonesian). DPRD DKI Jakarta. 
    North Kalimantan: "Seluruh Parpol Kebagian Kursi di DPRD Kaltara". JPNN (in Indonesian). 29 April 2014. 
    All others: "Data Perolehan Kursi DPRD Kabupaten Kota" (in Indonesian). University of Indonesia. 
  4. ^ "KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR)". Indonesian General Election Commission (in Indonesian). 14 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Ethics council dismisses Nazaruddin as treasurer". The Jakarta Post. 23 May 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Mahfud officially reports Nazaruddin to KPK". The Jakarta Post. 2011-05-25. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ Chatterjee, Neil (20 April 2012). "Former ruling party treasurer guilty of graft in Indonesia". Reuters. 
  8. ^ ICAC (21 April 2012). "April 21, 2012 – 0832: Indonesia KPK: Muhammad Nazaruddin convicted of bribery". ICAC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Andi Mallarangeng: The road to resignation". The Jakarta Post. 8 December 2012. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ a b "Bab V - Hasil Pemilu - KPU" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  11. ^ "KPU sahkan hasil pemilu, PDIP nomor satu" (in Indonesian). BBC. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  12. ^ Fiansyah, Rahmat (30 June 2014). "Partai Demokrat Resmi Dukung Prabowo-Hatta". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 August 2018.