Democratic Party (Indonesia)

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Democratic Party

Partai Demokrat
General ChairmanAgus Harimurti Yudhoyono
Secretary-GeneralTeuku Riefky Harsa
Founded9 September 2001; 19 years ago (2001-09-09)
Youth wingGenerasi Muda Demokrat (Democratic Young Generation)
Women's wingSrikandi Demokrat (Democratic Srikandi)
Political positionCentre to Centre-right
Anthem"Mars Partai Demokrat"
("Democratic Party March")
Ballot number14
DPR seats
54 / 575
Provincial DPRD seats
224 / 2,207

The Democratic Party (Indonesian: Partai Demokrat) is a centre to centre-right political party in Indonesia. It was founded on 9 September 2001. Its ideology is based on the Indonesian concept of Pancasila, and identifies as centrist.[2]


The 2001 Special Session of the People's Consultative Assembly which resulted in Megawati Sukarnoputri's election as President of Indonesia caused a vacancy in the position of vice-president. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was one candidate who competed for the vice-presidency, losing out to Hamzah Haz.

Yudhoyono's supporters saw Yudhoyono's participation in the vice-presidential election as a sign of his popularity and recognized Yudhoyono's potential as a possible leader for Indonesia. One of these supporters, Vence Rumangkang approached Yudhoyono with the idea of forming a political party to help shore up support for the 2004 presidential elections. Yudhoyono approved of the idea and after going through the basic concepts left Rumangkang in charge of forming the party.

From 12–19 August 2001, Rumangkang began holding a series meetings to discuss the formation of the party while holding consultations with Yudhoyono who was now serving as the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security. Yudhoyono personally led the meeting on 19 August and on 20 August 2001, the basic outline of the party was finalized.

On 9 September 2001 (Yudhoyono's 52nd birthday), the formation of the Democratic Party was officially declared and on 10 September 2001, it was registered at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. The party also elected Subur Budhisantoso as Party Chairman.


2004 legislative election[edit]

The party won 7.5% share of votes and won 57 out of 560 seats in the People's Representative Council in the 2004 legislative election and finished in fifth place overall.

2004 presidential election[edit]

The party nominated Yudhoyono as its presidential candidate with Jusuf Kalla as the vice-presidential candidate. In this, they were also supported by the Crescent Star Party (PBB) and Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI). Yudhoyono and Kalla won the first round of elections in July 2004 with 33.6% of the votes and would go on to win 60.1% in the run-offs, thereby securing Yudhoyono's election as President.

2005 party congress[edit]

In May 2005, the party held its first party congress, during which Hadi Utomo was elected as chairman. Nevertheless, the highest authority in the Party remained with Yudhoyono who was elected was chairman of the Advisory Board (Dewan Pembina).

2009 legislative election[edit]

The party came first in the 2009 legislative election with 20.9 percent of the votes, making it the largest party in the People's Representative Council, with 148 seats, just over one quarter of the total.[3]

2009 presidential election[edit]

Incumbent Yudhoyono won the election, with former Governor of Bank Indonesia, Boediono, as vice-presidential candidate, with a total tally of 60.8% in first round of runoff system election, beating former president, Megawati Sukarnoputri, and incumbent vice-president, Jusuf Kalla

2013 extraordinary congress[edit]

After the resignation of Anas Urbaningrum, the party held an extraordinary congress on 30 March 2013 in Bali to fill the chairmanship. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ran unopposed and was unanimously elected after no other party members decided to run.

2014 legislative election[edit]

For the 2014 legislative election, the party set a target of 15% of the national vote, less than its 2009 share. One reason the party expected its vote to fall was that Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono would not able to run for president, having served the two terms allowed for in the constitution.[1] However, the party won only 10.19%, losing over half of its seats in the legislature.


Corruption cases[edit]

Muhammad Nazaruddin was dismissed by the Democratic Party's ethics council from his position as party treasurer in May 2011 due to his involvement in a corruption case, but he remained a legislator in the House of Representatives. Constitutional Court chief Mahfud MD said Nazaruddin had given S$120,000 ($96,900) to Constitutional Court secretary general Janedri M. Gaffar in 2010. The money was later returned to Nazaruddin.[4] On 24 May 2011, Mahfud reported Nazaruddin to the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) for allegedly trying to bribe a court official.[5]

On 20 April 2012, Nazaruddin was convicted of corruption and sentenced to four years and 10 months in prison and fined approximately US$22,000. He was found guilty of accepting over 4.68 billion rupiah in return for helping rig the tenders for an athletes' village built for the Southeast Asian Games in South Sumatra in November 2011.[6]

Nazaruddin was arrested by Interpol in Cartagena, Colombia in August 2011, having fled Indonesia after being named a suspect in the case.[7]

The Nazaruddin scandal was followed by the naming of a number of high-ranking party officials and legislators as suspects in numerous graft cases. Most prominent among them was Youth and Sports Minister Andi Mallarangeng, who resigned in December 2012 [8] Mallarangeng was named suspect in the same athlete training camp case which had involved Nazaruddin.[citation needed] Business tycoon Siti Hartati Murdaya, who had served on the party's Advisory Board, resigned in August 2012 after becoming embroiled in a corruption case for which she was later jailed.[9]

Election results[edit]

Legislative election results[edit]

Election Ballot number Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
2004 9
55 / 550
8,455,225 7.45%[10] Increase55 seats, Governing coalition Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Founding board chair)
Subur Budhisantoso (General chair)
2009 31
150 / 560
21,703,137 20.85%[10] Increase95 seats, Governing coalition Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Founding board chair)
Hadi Utomo (General chair)
2014 7
61 / 560
12,728,913 10.19%[11] Decrease89 seats, Opposition Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
2019 14
54 / 575
10,876,507 7.77%[12] Decrease7 seats, Opposition Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

Presidential election results[edit]

Election Ballot number Candidate Running mate 1st round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome 2nd round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome
2004 4 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Jusuf Kalla 39,838,184 33.57% Runoff 69,266,350 60.62% Elected Green tickY
2009 2 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Boediono 73,874,562 60.80% Elected Green tickY
2014 1 Prabowo Subianto[13] Hatta Rajasa 62,576,444 46.85% Lost Red XN
2019 02 Prabowo Subianto Sandiaga Uno 68,650,239 44.50% Lost Red XN

Note: Bold text indicates the party member


  1. ^ a b Nainggolan, Bestian; Wahyu, Yohan (2016). Partai Politik Indonesia 1999-2019 (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara. p. 151. ISBN 978-602-412-005-4.
  2. ^ a b Bulkin, Nadia (24 October 2013). "Indonesia's Political Parties". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  3. ^ "KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR)". Indonesian General Election Commission (in Indonesian). 14 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Ethics council dismisses Nazaruddin as treasurer". The Jakarta Post. 23 May 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Mahfud officially reports Nazaruddin to KPK". The Jakarta Post. 25 May 2011.
  6. ^ Chatterjee, Neil (20 April 2012). "Former ruling party treasurer guilty of graft in Indonesia". Reuters.
  7. ^ ICAC (21 April 2012). "April 21, 2012 – 0832: Indonesia KPK: Muhammad Nazaruddin convicted of bribery". ICAC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Andi Mallarangeng: The road to resignation". The Jakarta Post. 8 December 2012.
  9. ^ Rostiyani, Yeyen (13 September 2012). "Hartati Murdaya detained by KPK in graft case". Republika. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Bab V - Hasil Pemilu - KPU" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  11. ^ "KPU sahkan hasil pemilu, PDIP nomor satu" (in Indonesian). BBC. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  12. ^ Zunita Putri (21 May 2019). "KPU Tetapkan Hasil Pileg 2019: PDIP Juara, Disusul Gerindra-Golkar". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  13. ^ Fiansyah, Rahmat (30 June 2014). "Partai Demokrat Resmi Dukung Prabowo-Hatta". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 August 2018.