Democratic Party (Malta)

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Democratic Party

Partit Demokratiku
AbbreviationPD
SpokespersonMarcus Lauri
LeaderGodfrey Farrugia
Deputy LeaderTimothy Alden
Secretary GeneralMartin Cauchi Inglott
Founded21 October 2016 (2 years ago) (2016-10-21)
Split fromLabour Party
Youth wingThe Orange Youth
IdeologySocial liberalism
Green liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre to centre-left
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament groupRenew Europe
Colours     Orange
House of Representatives
2 / 67
European Parliament
0 / 6
Website
www.pd.org.mt

The Democratic Party (Maltese: Partit Demokratiku, PD) is a centrist to centre-left[1] political party in Malta. It was founded in 2016 after a split from the Labour Party.

History[edit]

The PD was founded in 2016 by Marlene Farrugia, who previously sat as an MP for the Labour Party before leaving the party and sitting as an independent MP. Announcing the formation of the new party in June 2016, Farrugia as interim leader stated that the party was a new alternative to the traditionally dominant Labour and Nationalist parties.[2]

Upon formation, founder Marlene Farrugia was declared interim leader.[3] On 21 October 2016, Farrugia was elected the first leader of the PD at a general meeting to confirm the party executive.[4] The party was formally registered with the Electoral Commission of Malta in November 2016.[5]

Policies[edit]

PD's main proposed policies include:[when?]

  1. Prevent people from getting persecuted and fired from their jobs just for their political beliefs.
  2. Update institutions and government to modern standards of governance.[6]
  3. Economy would not depend on construction, and it would be diversified to encourage the Maltese people to work in new fields.
  4. Call for an establishment of a lobbyist register. The lobbyists' work would be to influence the running of the country strategically for their benefit or the benefit of those they represent. The party believes they will be accountable only to their employers, their shareholders, or the consumers of commercial business, and use either money or influence to pave their way.[7]

Democracy and Good Governance[edit]

PD believes that "good governance can only be achieved in a free and democratic political system". PD states that "good governance must ensure that the government pays due and full respect to all the electorate, without any distinction or favor. ensuring that the executive is accountable to the electorate by allowing the necessary checks and balances required for transparency in its operation". PD believes that "citizens should be given all the necessary means to safeguard their rights and must be assured that the rule of law is paramount".[8]

Economy[edit]

PD believes in an economy that:[9]

  1. does not grow at the expense of our environment, well-being and social fabric;
  2. is fiscally responsible, safeguards working conditions, and encourages profit sharing;
  3. regenerates depressed areas in our country;
  4. moves with more vigour towards a green economy and cleaner technologies;
  5. encourages innovation, R+D and diversification to reduce dependence on sectors that are driven by tax incentives;
  6. encourages a responsible work ethic and sanctions illegal practices;
  7. is built on sound fiscal policies, accountability in public financing, and a tax regime that encourages enterprise.

Environment[edit]

PD believes that the development has to be planned on a long term process, with village cores, natural resources, open spaces and shared heritage needing to be protected and made used of in a sustainable way.[10] The party also calls for the conservation of gardens and green spaces in residential areas.[11]

Social issues[edit]

PD believes that "social well-being can be achieved by a robust programme in education, health and support structures for our citizens. PD embraces the concept of a compassionate society, with the right support structures for those in need, but very much against creating a culture of dependency on our social system." PD believes that "the state is there to support but also to empower people to stand on their own feet."

PD believes in a "free market with a social conscience so is very much in favor of regulation of the rent market, sustainability of the pension system and putting the individual at the center of the social fabric.[12]

Justice & Security[edit]

PD believes in "contending that the governing principles for justice and security must be based on the separation of powers of the judiciary, executive, and legislative, thereby ensuring autonomy, independence, and accountability, going hand in hand with a national sub-conscience, formed only by formation and education early in life."

PD believes that "this implies that there should be no governmental interference with the judiciary implying that the appointment of the Chief Justice, judges and magistrates must be through an independent system."

PD believes that "the court system needs to improve in efficiency, possibly through the segregation [i.e. separation] of the Civil and criminal courts, coupled with infrastructural upgrades including access to state-of-the art software."[13]

Refugees/Economic Migrants[edit]

PD believes that Europe should handle genuine refugees with a burden-sharing mechanism across the European Union. On economic migration, PD thinks it is useless for the government to employ thousands of people to do low-paid jobs, and then import foreign workers in a limited space. The party believes Malta's population can grow but it must be in a healthy and sustainable way for all people to live without discrimination.

Elections[edit]

2017 general elections[edit]

Farrugia stated in January 2017 that the PD was "close" to forming a deal with the opposition Nationalist Party where the two parties would cooperate against the Labour government, though she did not specify if such a deal would be a formal coalition.[14] On 7 April 2017 Farrugia confirmed in an interview with the Times of Malta that PD candidates would be listed as Nationalist Party candidates on the ballot for the 2017 general election.[15] Despite reaching agreement about running candidates under the same banner, formal coalition negotiations remained ongoing[16] until the announcement of a formal agreement on 28 April.[17] Under the agreement, PD candidates contested the 2017 election with their party affiliation listed as Nationalist "tal-oranġjo" (the orange ones) and any PD candidates elected to Parliament would have been part of a Nationalist-led government.[17] Both Marlene Farrugia and Godfrey Farrugia were the only Democratic Party candidates to be elected in 2017, making them the first elected Members of Parliament from a third party since 1962.[18]

Post-2017 elections[edit]

Marlene Farrugia formally resigned from the Leadership of the Partit Demokratiku on 21 August 2017, as part of the process of giving the party an identity distinct from herself.[19] On 30 October 2017, Anthony Buttigieg was declared the new leader, with Marlene Farrugia and Godfrey Farrugia providing parliamentary continuity in the executive.[20] On 1 December 2017 the PD was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party,[21] which made the party's image officially considered pro-European.[failed verification]

2019 European parliament elections[edit]

PD will be contesting for the 2019 European parliament elections. PD announced the approval of its 3 European parliamentary election candidates, Martin Cauchi Inglott, a senior retired Armed Forces of Malta officer and the current secretary general of the party, and Anthony Buttigieg, the former leader of the party, and Cami Appelgren, an environmental activist and the leader of the environmental organization Malta Clean Up.[citation needed]

2019 local council elections[edit]

PD will be contesting for the 2019 local council elections. PD announced the approval of its 7 local council election candidates: Timothy Alden for Sliema, Ray Azzopardi for St. Julian's, Mark Zerafa for Birkirkara, Karen Vella Freeman for St. Paul's Bay, Charles Polidano for Qrendi, Michael Bonett for Valletta, and Manuel Farrugia for Tarxien.[22]

Leaders[edit]

Party Executive Council[edit]

Election results[edit]

General elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2017 Marlene Farrugia 4,846 1.6
2 / 67
New Increase 3rd Opposition

European elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
2019 Godfrey Farrugia 5,276 2.03
0 / 6
New Increase 4th

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balzan, Jurgen (1 June 2016). "Launch of new political party imminent". Malta Today. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Marlene Farrugia is temporary leader of new Democratic Party". Times of Malta. 4 June 2016. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016.
  3. ^ Rudolf, Uwe James (2018). Historical dictionary of Malta (3 ed.). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 116. ISBN 9781538119181. OCLC 1040078334.
  4. ^ Scicluna, Martin (16 November 2016). "The Marlene effect". Times of Malta. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Ħames partiti japplikaw għar-reġistrazzjoni - tal-PL ikollha tistenna". TVM News (in Maltese). 18 November 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Partit Demokratiku reiterates call for good governance - The Malta Independent". www.independent.com.mt. Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  7. ^ "PD calls for the establishment of a Lobbyist Register". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  8. ^ adminpd. "Democracy And Good Governance". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  9. ^ adminpd. "Ethical Economy". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  10. ^ "Environmental Stewardship". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2018-08-20.[better source needed]
  11. ^ "PD calls for conservation of few remaining gardens, green spaces in residential areas - The Malta Independent". www.independent.com.mt. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  12. ^ adminpd. "Social Wellbeing". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  13. ^ adminpd. "Justice And Security". Partit Demokratiku. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  14. ^ "PN, Democratic Party close to a deal – Marlene Farrugia". The Malta Independent. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  15. ^ Grech, Herman (7 April 2017). "PD candidates to contest election under PN banner". Times of Malta. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  16. ^ Attard, Rachel (11 April 2017). "Busuttil insists that PN/PD coalition still under discussion". The Malta Independent. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  17. ^ a b Camilleri, Ivan (28 April 2017). "PD candidates to contest on PN list". Times of Malta. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  18. ^ Borg, Bertrand (6 June 2017). "Marlene Farrugia's election met with counting hall taunts". Times of Malta. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  19. ^ Ltd, Allied Newspapers. "Watch: Marlene Farrugia's election met with counting hall taunts".
  20. ^ "Anthony Buttigieg is new Democratic Party leader".
  21. ^ "ALDE welcomes new member parties | ALDE Party". Aldeparty.eu. 2017-11-30. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  22. ^ "PD launches local councils election manifesto, introduces candidates - The Malta Independent". www.independent.com.mt. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  23. ^ "Dr Godfrey Farrugia appointed Leader of Partit Demokratiku". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2018-10-13.

External links[edit]