Democratic Party of Albania

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Democratic Party of Albania
Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë
Albanian name Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë
Leader Lulzim Basha
President Simonella Kastrioti
Chairperson Zaho Konstantino
Secretary-General Lefther Kaço
Spokesperson Laura Vorpsi, Athina Haxhinasto & Adriatik Tepelena
Founder Sali Berisha
Leader of the Parliamentary Group Edi Paloka
Gentian Vuksanlekaj
Jozefina Topalli
Majlinda Bregu
Spiro Ksera
Slogan Ne jemi ndryshimi, përpara!
(We are the change, forward!)[1]
Founded 12 December 1990
Newspaper Rilindja Demokratike
Youth wing Forumi Rinor i Partise Demokratike, Alternatives: Young Democrats or Young Conservatives.
Membership  (1991) 34,892
Ideology Conservatism[2]
Liberal conservatism[3]
Pro-Europeanism[3]
Political position Centre-right[3]
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International,
International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party (Observer)
National Assembly
49 / 140
Municipality
15 / 61
Website
http://www.pd.al/
Politics of Albania
Political parties
Elections
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

The Democratic Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë, PD) is a conservative[2][4] political party in Albania. The party became the leading party in the governing coalition following the 2005 parliamentary elections. It is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP) and a full member of the International Democrat Union and Centrist Democrat International.[5][6][7] Rilindja Demokratike is the party's official newspaper.[8]

History[edit]

The party was founded on 12 December 1990 by Avdyl Matoshi, Azem Hajdari, Sali Berisha and Gramoz Pashko.[9] Arben Imami, Edmond Budina, Eduard Selami, Genc Ruli, Merita Zaloshnja and Aleksandër Meksi also took part in the early activities of the party. ıt was the first opposition party after they were legalized.

The party came to power in 1992 after winning the 1992 parliamentary election under the leadership of Sali Berisha and Aleksander Meksi and ruled until 1997. The government resigned in 1997 following a scandal over massive corruption during which a civil war nearly broke out. It is part of the Union for Victory (Bashkimi për Fitoren) coalition, which received 37.1 percent of the vote in the 2001 elections and 46 members of parliament. In the July 2005 parliamentary elections, the Democratic Party won 56 of the 140 seats and its allies won 18 under the call Time for Changes (Koha per Ndryshim). Two other parties also joined the new coalition (PAA of the left wing & PBDNJ of the Greek minority, with 4 and 2 seats, respectively). This meant that with a combined total of 79 seats, the Democratic Party and its allies were able to form a government with Sali Berisha becoming Prime Minister. One of his priorities was Albanian integration to NATO, an objective he accomplished in 2009 when Albania and Croatia were accepted as members.

Headquarters[edit]

The party's headquarters is located in the center of Tirana, 50m from the Albanian parliament. The Rilindja Demokratike newspaper shares the building with the Democratic Party.

Election Results[edit]

Year Votes  % Seats Position Government
1991 720,948 38.7 75/250 2nd Opposition
1992 1,046,193 57.3 92/140 1st Coalition
1996 914,218 55.2 122/140 1st Coalition
1997 315,677 24.1 29/155 2nd Opposition
2001 494,272 36.9 32/140 2nd Opposition
2005 602,066 44.1 56/140 1st Coalition
2009 610,463 40.18 68/140 2nd Coalition
2013 528,373 30.63 50/140 2nd Opposition

Chairmen of PD[edit]

Person Period
Sali Berisha 1991 – 1992
Eduard Selami 1992 – 1995
Tritan Shehu (acting) 1995
Tritan Shehu 1995 – 1997
Genc Pollo (Interem) 1997
Sali Berisha 1997 – 2013
Lulzim Basha 2013 –

2009 national elections[edit]

After the Albanian parliament elections of 2009 the Democrats won 67 MPs. The current list as of September 2011:[10][11]

2013 national elections[edit]

After the Albanian parliament elections of 2013 the Democrats won 45 MPs. The current list as of September 2013:

References[edit]

External links[edit]