Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally

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Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally

Parti Démocratique de la Côte d'Ivoire — Rassemblement Démocratique Africain
AbbreviationPDCI-RDA
LeaderHenri Konan Bédié
Founded1946
HeadquartersAbidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
IdeologyAfrican nationalism
Conservatism[1]
Populism
Houphouëtism
Pan-Africanism[1]
Political positionCentre-right[2]
International affiliationDemocrat Union of Africa
African Democratic Rally
Seats in the National Assembly
77 / 255
Website
pdcirda.ci

The Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire — African Democratic Rally (French: Parti Démocratique de la Côte d'Ivoire — Rassemblement Démocratique Africain; abbreviated PDCI-RDA) is a political party in Côte d'Ivoire.

History[edit]

Founded during the colonial era in 1946, as an outgrowth of the African Agricultural Union, it became the only legal party in the country upon independence in 1960. For the next 30 years, the PDCI and the government were effectively one. Every five years, its leader was automatically elected to a five-year term as president of the republic and confirmed in office via a referendum. At the same time, a single list of PDCI candidates was returned to the National Assembly.

All adult Ivorians were required to be members of the party,[3] which was considered the primary intermediary between the government and the people. In 1990 the first multi-party elections took place, but the party remained in power with a landslide majority in the legislature.

Founder Félix Houphouët-Boigny led the party from its formation until his death in 1993, upon which he was replaced by Henri Konan Bédié. The party lost power when Bédié was ousted in a December 1999 coup.

The PDCI announced in early 2000 that it would hold a congress to choose new leadership, and Bédié denounced this as a "putsch";[4] the party decided to retain Bédié in the leadership, however.[5] In August, Bédié and four other PDCI members registered as candidates in the October 2000 presidential election;[6] shortly afterward, Emile Constant Bombet, who had served as Interior Minister under Bédié, defeated Bédié for the PDCI presidential nomination.[7] Bombet and Bédié were both barred from running by the Constitutional Court in early October, and on October 10 Bédié called for a boycott of the election.[8]

Unlike many former single parties in Africa, the PDCI has made a good account of itself since losing power. In the parliamentary election held on 10 December 2000 and 14 January 2001, the party won 94 out of 225 seats.

On 18 May 2005, the PDCI and the Rally of the Republicans (RDR), despite a history of hostility towards one another (the RDR had been formed as a liberal splinter from the PDCI in 1994), signed an agreement to form a coalition, the Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace, along with two smaller parties, the Union for Democracy and Peace in Côte d'Ivoire (UDPCI) and the Movement of the Forces of the Future (MFA), ahead of the presidential election then planned for October 2005.[9][10] This election was delayed several times, finally held in 2010. By that time, the two parties had resumed competing against each other.

At the 11 December 2011 parliamentary election, the PDCI remained the principal opposition party, with 76 seats.

At the 2016 parliamentary election, the Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace (composed of the RDR, the PDCI and some minor parties) won a strong majority at the National Assembly.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Results
First Round Second Round
1960 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,641,352 100% - - Elected Green tickY
1965 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,867,605 100% - - Elected Green tickY
1970 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 2,003,046 100% - Elected Green tickY
1975 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 2,404,905 100% - - Elected Green tickY
1980 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 2,795,150 100% - - Elected Green tickY
1985 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 3,516,524 100% - - Elected Green tickY
1990 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 2,445,365 81.68% - - Elected Green tickY
1995 Henri Konan Bédié 1,837,154 96.0% - - Elected Green tickY
2000 Boycotted
2010 Henri Konan Bédié 1,165,532 25.24% - - Lost Red XN
2015 None (endorsed Alassane Ouattara) 2,618,229 83.66% Elected Green tickY

National Assembly elections[edit]

National Assembly
Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/–
1946–47 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Not released Not released
24 / 30
Increase 24
1952 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 66,838 71.9%
28 / 32
Increase 4
1957 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 720,828 89.3%
58 / 60
Increase 30
1959 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,522,324 100%
100 / 100
Increase 40
1960 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,586,518 100%
70 / 70
Decrease 30
1965 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,863,005 100%
85 / 85
Increase 15
1970 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,997,560 100%
100 / 100
Increase 15
1975 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 2,390,566 100%
120 / 120
Increase 20
1980 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Not released 100%
147 / 147
Increase 27
1985 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Not released 100%
175 / 175
Increase 30
1990 Félix Houphouët-Boigny 1,324,549 71.7%
163 / 175
Decrease 12
1995 Henri Konan Bédié Not released Not released
148 / 175
Decrease 15
2000–01 Henri Konan Bédié Not released Not released
94 / 225
Decrease 54
2011 Henri Konan Bédié 564,958 28.85%
77 / 255
Decrease 17
2016 Henri Konan Bédié 1,019,057

(as part of RHDP)

50.26%
77 / 255
Steady

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cahoon, Ben. "Côte d'Ivoire". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire - Political Parties - Elections". perspective.usherbrooke.ca. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  3. ^ Robert E. Handloff. "The Party". Ivory Coast: A country study (Robert E. Handloff, ed.). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (November 1988). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "Cote d'Ivoire: Ousted president accuses party of staging "putsch" against him", AFP (nl.newsbank.com), February 29, 2000.
  5. ^ "Ivorian former ruling party wants coup leader to stick to "transition period"", Radio France Internationale (nl.newsbank.com), April 11, 2000.
  6. ^ "COTE D'IVOIRE: Nineteen register as presidential candidates", IRIN, August 18, 2000.
  7. ^ "COTE D'IVOIRE: Ex-interior minister chosen as PDCI presidential candidate", IRIN, August 21, 2000.
  8. ^ "Cote d'Ivoire: Former President Bedie calls for presidential election boycott", AFP (nl.newsbank.com), October 10, 2000.
  9. ^ "La nouvelle alliance contre Gbagbo", rfi.fr, 19 May 2005 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  10. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire: Former political foes strike pact to oust Gbagbo", IRIN, 18 May 2005.
  11. ^ Gbagbo, Laurent. Côte d'Ivoire, Pour une alternative démocratique. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1983.

External links[edit]